Labour Party (Hong Kong)
|Founded||18 December 2011|
|Headquarters||19/F, Wing Wong
557-559 Nathan Road,
Kowloon, Hong Kong
|Regional affiliation||Pan-democracy camp|
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|Politics of Hong Kong
|Politics and government
of Hong Kong
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The party was founded in 2011 by a group of pan-democratic politicians. Led by Suzanne Wu Shui-shan, the party's Legislative Councillors are Lee Cheuk-yan for the New Territories West, Cyd Ho for Hong Kong Island, Fernando Cheung for New Territories East and Cheung Kwok-che for the social welfare functional constituency.
The Labour Party positions itself as a social democratic party with the principles of "Democracy, Justice, Sustainability and Solidarity". It also demands universal suffrage, legislation of competition law and maximum weekly working hours, rehabilitate the Tiananmen protests of 1989 and against the legislation of Article 23.
The idea of establishing a pro-labour party first emerged in the 1990s, when four pro-labour pro-democracy legislators, Lau Chin-shek and Lee Cheuk-yan from the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions (CTU), Leung Yiu-chung from the Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre (NWSC) and Tsang Kin-shing from the Democratic Party set up a joint office in preparation of the labour party, but the idea did not realise at last.
In early 2011, Lee Cheuk-yan expressed interest in forming a new labour party, and discussed the details with legislators Leung Yiu-chung, Cheung Kwok-che from the Hong Kong Social Workers' General Union (SWGU), Cyd Ho Sau-lan from the Civic Act-up and Fernando Cheung Chiu-hung, an ex-Civic Party politician. Cheung was the first to advocate the formation of a labour party for the labour rights, new immigrants, ethnic minorities and environmental issues in the coming 2012 Legislative Council election.
The Labour Party was officially founded on 18 December 2011. The New World First Bus Company Staff Union, the K.M.B. Staff Union and the Hong Kong Buildings Management And Security Workers General Union under the CTU and Civic Act-up joined the party as affiliated groups. The NWSC vetoed the motion of joining the Labour Party. 20-strong Executive Committee was elected with CTU General Secretary Lee Cheuk-yan was elected uncontestedly by 131 founding members, while Cyd Ho, Fernando Cheung and Yeung Ho-yan became the Vice-Chairmen, Cheung Kwok-che the Senate Chairman and Tam Chun-yin the General Secretary.
The party filled three lists in the geographical constituency election in the 2012 Legislative Council elections, the incumbent Lee Cheuk-yan and Cyd Ho ran in New Territories West and Hong Kong Island and former legislator Fernando Cheung ran in New Territories East. The party secured four seats with all the lists were elected and Cheung Kwok-che returned through the Social Welfare functional constituency.
The party gained its first seat in the district level in the San Fu by-election in 2015. In the 2015 District Council election, the party filled in 12 candidates and 3 of them were elected. On 13 December 2015, the Labour chairman Lee Cheuk-yan stepped down and three candidates, Kwok Wing-kin, Cheng Sze-lut and Suzanne Wu Shui-shan ran for the chairmanship. Suzanne Wu of the Association for the Advancement of Feminism won the election in the end and became the new chairwoman.
Performance in elections
Legislative Council elections
| % of
4 / 70
District Council elections
| % of
3 / 431
Vice Chairmen (External Affairs)
- Cheng Sze-lut, 2011–2015
- Lee Cheuk-yan, 2015–present
Vice Chairmen (Party Affairs)
- Tam Chun-yin, 2011–2015
- Chiu Shi-shun, 2015–present
Vice Chairmen (Policy)
- Fernando Cheung Chiu-hung, 2011–2015
- Kwok Wing-kin, 2015–present
- Kwok Wing-kin, 2011–2015
- Tam Chun-yin, 2015–present
- "This City is Dying 工黨誕生 打破財團壟斷 突破政治操控". Apple Daily (Hong Kong). 19 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Policy Statement - Human Rights (政策綱領 人權)". 19 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "袁彌明中學同學胡穗珊 任工黨新主席". Apple Daily. 13 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>