Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches

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The Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches is a rural region in the western part of the U.S. state of Ohio, centered near Maria Stein in Mercer County. Its name is derived from the dense concentration of large Catholic churches that dominate the area's architecture. These and other buildings were constructed by the Society of the Most Precious Blood under the oversight of the missionary priest Francis de Sales Brunner. Under his leadership, the Society founded many churches and schools in the region, as well as several seminaries.

The earliest buildings from the mid-19th century were mostly small wooden or simple brick structures. Most of these were replaced in later construction periods; only two from this generation are still in use as churches.

Many of the massive Gothic revival churches that remain today were built in the late 19th century and early 20th century by Anton DeCurtins or his descendants. The churches of the region have changed little since the early 20th century, and only one new parish has been established since 1925.[1]

Historic buildings

In 1976, many churches in the Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches were added to the National Register of Historic Places, along with a small number of church-related buildings. These buildings are detailed in the chart below; each is listed under the name by which it appears on the Register.

[2] Name[3] Patron Date[3] Location[3][4] County[3] Photograph
1 Botkins Elementary School N/A 1921 Botkins: Main St.
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2 Cassella Catholic Church and Rectory Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary 1858 Marion Township: State Route 119 in Cassella
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3 Chickasaw School and Rectory N/A 1904 Chickasaw: Maple St.
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Mercer Precious Blood Rectory in Chickasaw front and southern side.jpg
4 Coldwater Catholic Church Complex Holy Trinity 1899 Coldwater: E. Main and 2nd Sts.
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5 Egypt Catholic Church and Rectory St. Joseph 1887 Jackson Township: junction of Minster-Egypt Rd. and State Route 364 at Egypt
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6 Glynnwood Catholic Church St. Patrick 1883 Moulton Township: 6 miles northeast of St. Marys on Glynnwood Rd. in Glynnwood
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7 Gruenwald Convent N/A 1854 Marion Township: 0.5 miles south of Cassella
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8 Holy Family Catholic Church Holy Family 1866 Wayne Township: State Route 185 at Frenchtown
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9 Holy Rosary Catholic Church Holy Rosary 1867 St. Marys: junction of E. Spring and S. Pine Sts.
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10 Immaculate Conception Catholic Church Complex Immaculate Conception 1903 Celina: Anthony and Walnut Sts.
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11 Immaculate Conception Rectory at Botkins Immaculate Conception 1887 Botkins: 116 N. Mill St.
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12 Maria Stein Catholic Church and Rectory St. John the Baptist 1889 Marion Township: St. John's Rd. and State Route 119 in Maria Stein
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Mercer St. John's at Maria Stein front and western side.jpg
13 Maria Stein Convent N/A 1846 Marion Township: St. John's and Rolfes Rd. in Maria Stein
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14 Minster Elementary School N/A 1904 Minster: Lincoln St.
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15 Philothea Catholic Church and Priest House St. Mary 1871 Butler Township: Philothea Rd. in Philothea, between St. Henry and Coldwater
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16 Sacred Heart of Jesus Rectory Sacred Heart of Jesus 1911 Van Buren Township: State Routes 29 and 119 at McCartyville
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17 St. Aloysius Catholic Church St. Aloysius 1875 Marion Township: U.S. Route 127 and State Route 274, west of Carthagena
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Mercer St. Aloysius' Catholic Church, Carthagena.jpg
18 St. Anthony Catholic Church, Padua St. Anthony 1869 Washington Township: State Route 49 and St. Anthony Rd. in Padua
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Mercer St. Anthony's Catholic Church in Padua, front and southern side.jpg
19 St. Augustine Catholic Church St. Augustine 1848 Minster: N. Hanover St.
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20 St. Bernard Catholic Church and Rectory St. Bernard 1906 Burkettsville: Main St.
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21 St. Charles Seminary and Chapel St. Charles 1906 Marion Township: 0.5 miles south of Carthagena, off U.S. Route 127
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22 St. Francis Catholic Church and Rectory St. Francis 1906 Granville Township: Cranberry and Ft. Recovery-Minster Rd. in Cranberry Prairie
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23 St. Henry Catholic Church St. Henry 1897 St. Henry: Main St.
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24 St. John Catholic Church and Parish Hall St. John 1850 Pusheta Township: southwestern corner of Schlemel and Van Buren Sts. in Fryburg
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25 St. Joseph Catholic Church and Rectory St. Joseph 1866 Recovery Township: Sawmill and St. Joe Rds. in St. Joe
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26 St. Joseph Catholic Church and School St. Joseph 1899 Wapakoneta: 309 S. Perry St.
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27 St. Louis Catholic Church and Rectory St. Louis 1914 North Star: east of U.S. Route 127
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28 St. Michael Catholic Church Complex St. Michael 1849 Fort Loramie: State Route 705 east of State Route 66
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29 St. Nicholas Catholic Church and Rectory St. Nicholas 1907 Osgood: State Route 705 and Washington St.
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30 St. Patrick Catholic Church and Rectory St. Patrick 1915 Van Buren Township: Hoying and Wright-Puthoff Rds. in St. Patrick
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31 St. Paul's Catholic Church and Rectory St. Paul 1889 Gibson Township: junction of Sharpsburg and Meiring Rds. in Sharpsburg
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32 St. Peter Catholic Church and Rectory St. Peter 1904 Recovery Township: St. Peter and Philothea Rds. in St. Peter
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33 St. Remy Catholic Church St. Remy 1890 Russia: Main St. and Russia-Versailles Rd.
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34 St. Rose Catholic Church Complex St. Rose 1892 Marion Township: Main St. in St. Rose
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35 St. Sebastian Catholic Church and Rectory St. Sebastian 1904 Marion Township: Sebastian Rd. and State Route 716A in Sebastian
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36 St. Wendelin Catholic Church, School, and Rectory St. Wendelin 1870 Recovery Township: Ft. Recovery-Minster Rd. and Township Line in Wendelin
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References

  1. Brown, Mary Ann, and Mary Niekamp. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Cross-Tipped Churches Thematic Resources, 2-5. National Park Service, July 1978. Accessed 2010-01-26.
  2. Numbers represent an ordering by significant words.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. DeLorme. Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. 7th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2004, 44-45/54-55. ISBN 0-89933-281-1.

Further reading