Lars Peter Hansen

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Lars Peter Hansen
Lars Peter Hansen photo in 2007.jpg
Lars Peter Hansen (2007)
Born (1952-10-26) October 26, 1952 (age 66)
Champaign, Illinois
Nationality United States
Institution University of Chicago
Carnegie Mellon University
Field Macroeconomics
School or tradition
Chicago School of Economics
Alma mater University of Minnesota (Ph.D.)
Utah State University (B.Sc.)
Influences Thomas J. Sargent, Christopher A. Sims
Contributions Generalized method of moments, Robust control applied to macroeconomics and asset pricing
Awards BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award 2010
CME Group-MSRI Prize 2008
Nemmers Prize, 2006
Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics (2013)
Information at IDEAS / RePEc
Nobel Prize Laureate Lars Peter Hansen at press conference in Stockholm, December 2013

Lars Peter Hansen (born October 26, 1952) is the David Rockefeller Distinguished Service Professor of economics at the University of Chicago and 2013 recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics.[1][2]

Hansen is a leading expert in economic dynamics who works at the boundaries of macroeconomics, finance, and econometrics. Best known for his work on the Generalized Method of Moments, he is also a distinguished macroeconomist, focusing on the linkages between the financial sector and the macroeconomy. His current collaborative research develops and applies methods for pricing the exposure to macroeconomic shocks over alternative investment horizons and investigates the implications of the pricing of long-term uncertainty.

Among other honors, he received the 2010 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award[3] in the category of Economy, Finance and Management.

Biography

After graduating from Utah State University (B.S. Mathematics, Political Science, 1974) and the University of Minnesota (Ph.D. Economics, 1978) he served as assistant and associate professor at Carnegie Mellon University before moving to the University of Chicago in 1981. He is currently the David Rockefeller Distinguished Service Professor in Economics, Statistics and the College at the University of Chicago. He is married to Grace Tsiang (Chinese: 蒋人瑞; pinyin: Jiǎng Rénruì), who is the daughter of the famous economist Sho-Chieh Tsiang. Together, Hansen and Tsiang have one son named Peter.[4] He has two brothers, Ted Howard Hansen, an immunologist at Washington University in St. Louis and Roger Hansen, an engineer in water resource management. His father, Roger Gaurth Hansen, served as provost of Utah State University and was a professor of biochemistry.

Contributions

Hansen is best known as the developer of the econometric technique generalized method of moments (GMM) and has written and co-authored papers applying GMM to analyze economic models in numerous fields including labor economics, international finance, finance and macroeconomics. This method has been widely adopted in economics and other fields and applications where fully specifying and solving a model of a complex economic environment is unwieldy or inapplicable. Hansen showed how to exploit moment conditions (e.g. relations where conditional expectations are known to be zero at true parameter values) to construct reasonable, reliable estimators (i.e. having desirable statistical properties such as consistency, asymptotic normality, and efficiency within the class of all asymptotic normal estimators) with less stringent maintained model assumptions than needed for maximum likelihood estimation (specifically, the technique yields consistent estimates without having to specify the entire density function).

With several coauthors such as Kenneth J. Singleton, Scott F. Richard, and Robert Hodrick, Hansen applied GMM to study models of asset valuation, identifying and clarifying empirical puzzles where real-world financial and economic data were at odds with prevailing academic models.Together with Ravi Jagannathan he showed that the ratio of any stochastic discount factor's standard deviation to its mean is at least as great as any asset's Sharpe ratio; this result is known as the Hansen–Jagannathan bound. The fact that this often fails in practice due to the Sharpe ratio of risky assets exceeding the ratio of the volatility of the stochastic discount factor to its expectation is known as the equity premium puzzle. Later work focused on the long-run risk-return tradeoff with José Scheinkman and the examination of the term structure of pricing risk shocks in dynamic macroeconomic models through the use of "dynamic valuation decomposition."

Hansen’s recent work focuses on uncertainty and its relationship to long run risks in the macroeconomy. He explores how models that incorporate ambiguities, beliefs, and skepticism of consumers and investors can explain economic and financial data and reveal the long-term consequences of policy options. Hansen, Thomas J. Sargent, and coauthors have recently developed methods for modeling economic decision-making in environments in which uncertainty is hard to quantify. They explore the consequences for models with financial markets and characterize environments in which the beliefs of economic actors are fragile. Sargent and Hansen coauthored Robustness',' which explores implications of robust control theory for macroeconomic modeling when the decision maker is skeptical of any single statistical model's ability to capture how decisions are linked to outcomes.

Hansen has focused on the difference between risk and uncertainty (also known as Knightian uncertainty) and on the measurement of so-called systemic risk," and its role in the 2008 financial crisis.[5] and how it should be contained during the post Great Recession recovery.[6] He frequently speaks publicly on the need to address uncertainty in the policy-making process.

His contributions and current research interests are outlined in a December 2015 interview appearing in The Region, a publication of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.

Associations

Hansen is currently director and cochair of the Becker Friedman Institute, He was founding director of the Milton Friedman Institute, the predecessor of the Becker Friedman Institute. WIth M.I.T. economist Andrew Lo) Hansen leads the Macro Financial Modeling Group, a network of macroeconomists working to develop improved models of the linkages between the financial and real sectors of the economy in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. He also is co-principal investigator on a research initiative studying the costs of uncertainty about economic policy.

He is a fellow of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Finance Association. He also is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a distinguished fellow of the Macro Finance Society, and past president of the Econometrics Society. He is the coeditor of "Advances in Economics and Econometrics," and the "Handbook of Financial Econometrics." He is one of the founders of The Society for Financial Econometrics (SoFiE)[7]

He is the co-winner of the Frisch Medal with Kenneth Singleton in 1984, was awarded the Erwin Plein Nemmers Prize in Economics in 2006, and the CME Group-MSRI Prize In Innovative Quantitative Applications in 2008. In 2011, he was awarded the BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in Economics, Finance, and Management “for making fundamental contributions to our understanding of how economic actors cope with risky and changing environments.” He holds an honorary doctorates from Utah State University and honorary professorships from HEC Paris and Universidad del Pacífico awarded in 2015.

Selected writings

  • Hansen, L.P. and Sargent, T.J. Uncertainty Within Economic Models.[8] World Scientific Publishing 2014.
  • Hansen, L.P. "Uncertainty Inside and Outside Economic Models[9]" (Nobel Lecture)
  • Hansen, L.P. and Sargent, T.J. Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies[10]. Princeton University Press 2013.
  • Hansen, L.P. and Sargent, T.J. Robustness[11] Princeton University Press 2007.
  • Hansen, L.P. "Challenges in Identifying and Measuring Systemic Risk," in Brunnermeier, M.K. and Krishnamurthy, A.: Risk Topography: Systemic Risk and Macro Modeling,[12]] September 2012.
  • Hansen, L.P. "Generalized Methods of Moments: A Time Series Perspective," in International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavior Sciences, 2000.
  • Hansen, L.P., (1982), "Large Sample Properties of Generalized Methods of Moments Estimators" in Econometrica, Vol. 50, page 1029-1054, where he proposed the GMM-procedure.
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  • Hansen, L.P., Sargent, T.J., (2008). Robustness. Princeton University Press.
  • Hansen, L.P., Sargent, T.J., (2013). "Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies." Princeton University Press.
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References

  1. The Prize in Economic Sciences 2013, nobelprize.org, retrieved October 14, 2013
  2. 3 US Economists Win Nobel for Work on Asset Prices, abc news, October 14, 2013<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. [1],
  4. Cartwright, Maren (April 26, 2012). "Four Prominent Individuals to Receive Honorary Degrees from USU". Utah State University. Retrieved October 15, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Hansen, Lars Peter (February 11, 2013). Challenges in Identifying and Measuring Systemic Risk, University of Chicago and the NBER
  6. Anne Szustek (May 24, 2014). Economist-Lars-Peter-Hansen-Finds-Fault-with-Economic.html, Economist Lars Peter Hansen Finds Fault with Economic Models, Institutional Investor (magazine)
  7. Past Presidents, Founding Council, and Founding Members | The Society for Financial Econometrics
  8. Uncertainty Within Economic Models. World Scientific Publishing. 2014. ISBN 9789814578110.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Hansen, Lars Peter. "Uncertainty Outside and Inside Economic Models" (PDF). Journal of Political Economy. 122 (5): 945–987.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies. Princeton University Press. 2013. ISBN 9780691042770.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Robustness. Princeton University Press. 2007. ISBN 9780691114422.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Risk Topography: Systemic Risk and Macro Modeling. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Nov 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links