Last European veterans by war

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This is an incomplete list of the last surviving veterans of European wars. The last surviving veteran of any particular war, upon his death, marks the end of a historic era. Exactly who is the last surviving veteran is often an issue of contention, especially with records from long-ago wars. The "last man standing" was often very young at the time of enlistment and in many cases had lied about his age to gain entry into the service, which confuses matters further.

Early modern period

These cases, particularly with respect to the ages claimed by the veterans, cannot be verified.

English Civil War

War of the Polish Succession

War of the Austrian Succession

  • Jean Thurel (1699–1807) — France. Also served in the War of the Polish Succession, Seven Years' War, and the American Revolutionary War. Known as "the oldest soldier of Europe."[6]

Jacobite rising

Seven Years' War

French Revolution

  • Nicolas Savin (1768–1894) — Enlisted in the 2nd Regiment of Hussars in 1798. The 1768 figure would mean he was about 126 at the time of his death. Later served under Napoleon and was awarded the Legion d'Honneur.[12]

Napoleonic Wars

  • Jean Adrin (1797–1902) — Last French veteran.[13] In 1912 there were three Polish men who claimed to have fought at Borodino, but it is unlikely they were real veterans due to lack of documentation and the ages they claimed: the youngest was 120 and the oldest was 133.
  • Geert Adriaans Boomgaard (1788–1899) — Last Dutch veteran and Europe's oldest man at the time of his death. He fought for France in the 33ème Régiment Léger.[12]
  • Louis Victor Baillot (1793–1898) also from France — Last Battle of Waterloo veteran. He also saw action at the siege of Hamburg.[14]
  • Pedro Martinez (1789–1898) — last Battle of Trafalgar veteran. He served in the Spanish navy on San Juan Nepomuceno.[12]
  • Leonard Meesters (1796–1896) — Last Belgian veteran. Fought for Napoleon.[12]
  • Josephine Mazurkewicz (1794–1896) from Poland — Last female veteran. She was an assistant surgeon in Napoleon's army and later participated in the Crimean War.[12]
  • Sir Provo Wallis (1791–1892) — Canada.[15]
  • Morris Shea (1795–1892), 73rd Foot — Last British veteran.[16]
  • Joseph Sutherland (1789–1890), Royal Navy — Last English veteran and last British survivor of Trafalgar.[17]

War of 1812

Hungarian Revolution of 1848

  • Artúr Görgey (1818–1916) — Last Hungarian General.
  • István Lebo (1831–1928) — Believed the last Hungarian veteran. Last resident of the Hungarian Veterans Home.
  • József Fischl (1827–1929) — Last Hungarian veteran.[19]

Crimean War

Italian Unification

  • Petrus Verbeek (1851-1946) — Last Papal veteran. Born in the Netherlands.[22]
  • Francois Ribet (1835–1936) — France.[12]

French invasion of Mexico

  • Jules Pujos (1846–1942) — France.[12]

January Uprising

  • Antoni Suss (1844–1946) — Penultimate veteran.[23]
  • Feliks Bartczuk (1846–1946) — Last veteran.[24]

Franco-Prussian War

  • Seraphin Pruvost (1850–1955) — Last French veteran.[12]
  • Karl Glöckner (1845–1953) — Last German veteran.[12]

Paris Commune

  • Adrien Lejeune (1847–1942) — Last Communard.[12][25]
  • Emile Chausse (1850–1941) — Left the army and joined the communards in 1870.[12]
  • Antonin Desfarges (1851–1941) — Last Communard député.[12]

Zulu War

Boer War

Potemkin Mutiny

World War I

October Revolution

Finnish Civil War

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Greater Poland Uprising

  • Jan Rzepa (1899–2005) Last Polish fighter of uprising.[34]

German Revolution of 1918–19

Polish-Ukrainian War

Estonian War of Independence

  • Ants Ilus (1901–2006) — Estonia.[40]
  • Karl Jaanus (1899–2000) – Last surviving recipient of the Cross of Liberty awarded during the war.[41]

Irish War of Independence

Polish–Soviet War

Silesian Uprisings

Turkish War of Independence

March on Rome

  • Vasco Bruttomesso (1903–2009)[48]

See also

References

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  12. 12.00 12.01 12.02 12.03 12.04 12.05 12.06 12.07 12.08 12.09 12.10 12.11 12.12 Mathieu, Frédéric (2008). Napoléon, les derniers témoins (in French). Éditions Sébirot. ISBN 978-2-9532726-0-4.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. [1][unreliable source?]
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  32. Suomen Tietotoimisto (16 January 2009). "Viimeinen sisällissodan veteraani kuoli 111-vuotiaana" (in Finnish). Uusi Suomi. Retrieved 23 October 2010.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  35. Sulanke, Alexander (2009-03-18). "Schlagzeuger (fast 18) trifft Flötisten (108)" (in German). Hamburger Abendblatt. Retrieved 2009-07-22. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. Jamin, Stefan (22 May 2009). Gerontology Research Group.
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  39. Strzoda, Ewa (15 April 2008). "Odszedł niezwykły tyszanin" (PDF) (in Polish). Twoje Tychy. p. 4. Retrieved 15 October 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  40. "IN MEMORIAM Vabadussõja veteran Ants Ilus 1901-2006" (in Estonian). Kaitseliit. Retrieved 23 October 2010.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  41. Pihlak, Jaak (2005). "PILISTVERE KIHELKOND JA VABADUSE RISTI VENNAD" (PDF) (in Estonian). Viljandi Muuseum. pp. 107–108. Retrieved 23 October 2010.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  43. Dobosiewicz, Agnieszka (2 February 2011). "Pan Józef Kowalski ma 111 lat" (in Polish). Radio Zachód. Retrieved 21 August 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  44. "TAM, GDZIE NASZ OSTATNI ŻYJĄCY BOHATER I NAJSTARSZE POLSKIE MIASTO – TAM DOTARLI Z WIZYTĄ I POZDROWIENIAMI AMBASADORZY MIASTA CUDU NAD WISŁĄ… (19.07.2011)" (in Polish). Kurier W. 19 July 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  47. Hürriyet (11 November 2008). "Mustafa Şekip Birgöl (1903 – 2008)" (in Turkish). Kim Kimdir?. Retrieved 23 October 2010.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  48. Frattina, Giannino (3 January 2009). "Varese, è morto l'ultimo veterano della Marcia su Roma: aveva 105 anni" (in Italian). il Giornale. Retrieved 23 October 2010.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>