|Coordinates: Coordinates: Unknown argument format
|Regional unit||East Attica|
|• Mayor||Konstantinos Levantis (Ind.)|
|• Municipality||176.87 km2 (68.29 sq mi)|
|• Municipal unit||35.484 km2 (13.700 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1 m (3 ft)|
|• Municipality density||140/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|• Municipal unit||9,611|
|• Municipal unit density||270/km2 (700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Postal code||195 xx|
It is historically important as a significant ancient mining district, most notably in the villages of Laurium and Thorikos on the southeastern seaboard during the 6th, 5th, and 4th centuries BCE. As such it financed the wealth of Athens and the emergence of the Athenian Empire through the slave-powered mining efforts for silver and lead, beginning with the discovery of 2 deep-vein mining efforts during the 480's. Prior to that development, which at Themistocles urging in 483 BC led to the expansion of the Athenian fleet to 200 ships, only surface-mining was deployed as a technique for harvesting silver. More than 250 ore washeries have been identified by archaeologists and geologists in the district.
The municipality Lavreotiki was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:
The main settlements within the municipal unit of Lavreotiki are (population at 2011 census):
- Laurium (7,078)
- Ano Thoriko (215)
- Thorikos (227)
- Kato Poseidonia (397)
- Kato Sounio (127)
- Legrena (289)
|Year||Laurium||Lavreotiki (mun. unit)||Lavreotiki (munic.)|
- "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
- Austin, M M., and P Vidal-Naquet. Economic and Social History of Ancient Greece: an Introduction. 1st English ed. Berkeley: University of California P, 1977. 1-397.
- Fine, John V. A. The Ancient Greeks: A Critical History. Harvard University Press, 1983
- Finley, M.I., The Ancient Economy. 2nd Ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985, c1973
- Healy, John F. Mining and Metallurgy in the Greek and Roman World. London: Thames and Hudson, 1978.
- Hopper, R J. Trade and Industry in Classical Greece. London: Thames and Hudson, 1979. 6-240.
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