Leo T. McCarthy

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Leo T. McCarthy
File:Leo McCarthy.jpg
43rd Lieutenant Governor of California
In office
January 3, 1983 – January 2, 1995
Governor George Deukmejian (1983–91)
Pete Wilson (1991–95)
Preceded by Mike Curb
Succeeded by Gray Davis
57th Speaker of the California State Assembly
In office
Preceded by Bob Moretti
Succeeded by Willie Lewis Brown, Jr.,
Member of the California State Assembly from District 18
In office
Member of the California State Assembly from District 19
In office
Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors
In office
Personal details
Born (1930-08-15)August 15, 1930
Auckland, New Zealand
Died February 5, 2007(2007-02-05) (aged 76)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Resting place Holy Cross Cemetery Colma, California
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Jacqueline Lee Burke
Residence San Francisco, California
Profession politician, lawyer
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Air Force
Years of service 1951–1952
Battles/wars Korean War

Leo Tarcissus McCarthy (August 15, 1930 – February 5, 2007) was a New Zealand-born American politician and businessman. He served as the 43rd lieutenant governor of California from 1983 to 1995.

McCarthy was born in Auckland, but moved with his parents to San Francisco, California at the age of four. He went to elementary school at Mission Dolores. He then went to high school at St. Ignatius College Preparatory in San Francisco, and also attended college and law school within the city, receiving his B.A. in history from the University of San Francisco and a law degree from San Francisco Law School.

McCarthy served in the United States Air Force, 1951–1952, during the Korean War, briefly taking part in a Strategic Air Command mission to Saudi Arabia to simulate the start of World War III.[1]

In 1958, the year that saw the Democrats capture statewide offices for the first time since World War II, McCarthy managed the successful campaign for State Senate of John Eugene McAteer, and, after the election, served as McAteer's administrative assistant.

McCarthy first ran for office himself in 1963 when he was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. He served there until 1967. In 1968, he was elected to the State Assembly, serving as speaker of the Assembly from 1974 to 1980. (Art Agnos, elected mayor of San Francisco in 1988, had his political start as McCarthy's first legislative assistant, and later as the speaker's chief of staff.) As speaker, McCarthy earned a reputation as a partisan, take-no-prisoners insider in Democratic Party politics.[2]

McCarthy unexpectedly lost the speakership to Willie Brown in 1980. McCarthy had been facing a stiff challenge from Howard Berman. Seeing his fellow Democrats so divided Brown worked with Republicans to gain the speakership. Both of the losers in this struggle soon left the legislature. Berman ran for Congress and McCarthy ran for statewide office.

McCarthy was first elected to statewide office to the first of three consecutive four-year terms as lieutenant governor of California in 1982, at the same time that Republican George Deukmejian was elected governor. In 1986, the incumbent McCarthy ran against Republican Mike Curb, a former film producer and music promoter with a reputation for opposing drug use by artists. In a hotly contested race for lieutenant governor that centered largely around violent crime and drug policy, McCarthy sought to denigrate Curb's image with voters as an anti-drug campaigner by alleging that Curb made a fortune in making 'exploitation films' that glorified drugs, sex, and violence.[3] Curb was so incensed at the charges that he filed a $7-million libel and slander suit against Leo T. McCarthy. McCarthy won the election.[4]

Despite his election to lieutenant governor, the controversy surrounding the McCarthy campaign's tactics in the 1986 race was never fully dispelled, and in 1988, McCarthy lost an election bid for the United States Senate against the Republican incumbent, Pete Wilson. McCarthy later won a third term as lieutenant governor in 1990, with Wilson winning the election for governor.

In 1992, McCarthy entered the Democratic primary election for the U.S. Senate, but lost the nomination to Congresswoman (now Senator) Barbara Boxer. McCarthy retired from public office at the end of his third term as lieutenant governor on January 2, 1995, having been prohibited from seeking re-election to a fourth term in office due to term limits in state law and was succeeded by fellow Democratic then-State Controller and future Governor Gray Davis. McCarthy's twelve years are the longest any California lieutenant governor has served. Upon leaving politics, he created an investment company, The Daniel Group, named for his father and located in San Francisco.

He helped found the Leo T. McCarthy Center for Public Service and the Common Good at the University of San Francisco.

McCarthy was married on December 17, 1955 to the former Jacqueline Lee Burke. They had four children: Sharon, Conna, Adam and Niall. They had eleven grandchildren: Courtney, Kevin, Kieran, Cormac, Kathlyn, Marisa, Thomas, Collin, Connor, Kate and, Jack. After a long illness, McCarthy died from a kidney ailment at his home in San Francisco on February 5, 2007.[5]



  1. Leo T. McCarthy, Oral History Interview, California State Archives, 1995-1996, Pg. 11
  2. Balzar, John, "Leo McCarthy, 76; Democrat served as lieutenant governor, Assembly speaker", Los Angeles Times, 6 February 2007
  3. Shuitt, Douglas, "California Elections: Curb, McCarthy - Vying to Become the Toughest Cop?", Los Angeles Times, 10 October 1986
  4. "Curb Files $7-Million Suit Against McCarthy", Los Angeles Times, 28 October 1986
  5. Leo McCarthy dead at 76

External links

California Assembly
Preceded by
Charles W. Meyers
California State Assemblyman, 19th District
Succeeded by
Lou Papan
Preceded by
Willie Brown
California State Assemblyman, 18th District
Succeeded by
Alister McAlister
Political offices
Preceded by
Bob Moretti
Speaker of the California State Assembly
June 1974–November 1980
Succeeded by
Willie Brown
Preceded by
Mike Curb
Lieutenant Governor of California
January 3, 1983–January 2, 1995
Succeeded by
Gray Davis
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jerry Brown
Democratic Party nominee for United States Senator (Class 1) from California
Succeeded by
Dianne Feinstein
Preceded by
Mervyn M. Dymally
Democratic Party nominee for Lieutenant Governor of California
1982, 1986, 1990
Succeeded by
Gray Davis