Leon of Sparta

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This article is about a Spartan king. For other uses, see Leon (disambiguation).
King of Sparta
Pauly-Wissowa III,1, 0067.jpg
Family tree of Leon
Spouse(s) Unknown
Father Eurycratides
Mother Unknown
Born Sparta

Leon (Greek: Λέων) was a King of Sparta from 590 to 560 BC.


Leon means "lion".[1][2] Grandson of Leon had a similar name – Leonidas.


Leon is mentioned in the seventh book of The Histories by Herodotus.[3]

He is said to have, like his father, fought to a draw with the Tegeans.


Leon was the son of king Eurycratides[4] and grandson of Anaxander.[5]

He was succeeded on the throne by his son Anaxandridas II, who managed to defeat Tegea.[6]

Family tree

Leon of Sparta
King Anaxandridas II
Wife of Leon
King Cleomenes I of Sparta
Daughter of Prinetades
Gorgo, Queen of Sparta
Wife of Cleomenes
Wife of Eurycratides
Leon of Sparta
Eurycratides of Sparta
King Anaxandridas II of Sparta
Wife of Leon
Leonidas I, King of Sparta
Niece of Anaxandridas


  1. Liddell, Henry George Scott, Robert (1980). A Greek-English Lexicon (Abridged Edition). United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. p. 411. ISBN 0-19-910207-4. 
  2. Simpson, John; Weiner, Edmund, eds. (1989). "Lion". Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861186-2. 
  3. Herodotus 7.204, "(Leonides) Anaxandrides’ son, Leon’s son, Eurycratides’ son, Anaxandrus’ son, Eurycrates’ son."
  4. Totius latinitatis lexicon: C-E (1861) by Egidio Forcellini, Vincenzo de Vit and Giuseppe Furlanetto
  5. Ancient History: A Revised Chronology, Volume 1 by Anthony Lyle
  6. Anaxandridas II
Preceded by
Agiad King of Sparta
590 - 560 BC
Succeeded by
Anaxandridas II