The Republicans (France)

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The Republicans
Les Républicains
President Nicolas Sarkozy
Vice President Laurent Wauquiez[1]
General Secretary Éric Woerth[2]
Spokesperson in the Assembly Christian Jacob
Spokesperson in the Senate Jean-Claude Gaudin
Founded May 30, 2015 (2015-05-30)
Preceded by UMP
Headquarters Rue de Vaugirard N. 238,
75015 Paris
Youth wing Les Jeunes Républicains
("The Youth Republicans")
Membership  (May 2015) 213,030
Ideology Gaullism[3][4][5]
Liberal conservatism[5][6][7]
Christian democracy[5]
Political position Centre-right
European affiliation European People's Party
International affiliation Centrist Democrat International
International Democrat Union
European Parliament group European People's Party[8]
Colours                Blue, White, Red (French Tricolore)
National Assembly
199 / 577
Senate
143 / 348
European Parliament
19 / 74
Regional Councils
7 / 13
Departmental Councils
66 / 101
Website
www.republicains.fr
Politics of France
Political parties
Elections

The Republicans (French: Les Républicains; LR) is a centre-right political party in France. The Republicans party was formed on 30 May 2015 by renaming the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) party, which had been founded in 2002 under the leadership of former President of France Jacques Chirac.[9][10] The party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in France along with the centre-left Socialist Party (PS).

The leader of the Republicans, Nicolas Sarkozy, was President of France between 2007 and 2012, until his defeat by PS candidate François Hollande in the 2012 presidential election. The Republicans are a member of the European People's Party,[11] Centrist Democrat International,[12] and International Democrat Union.[13]

History

UMP name change

After the election in November 2014 of Nicolas Sarkozy, the President of France from 2007 to 2012, as president of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), Sarkozy put forward a request to the party's general committee to change its name to the Republicans (Les Républicains) and alter the statutes of the party. With the name already chosen, vice-president of the UMP Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet presented Sarkozy and the party's political bureau the proposed new statutes. The proposed statutes provided for, among others, the election of the presidents of the departmental federations by direct democracy, the end of the political currents and consulting members on election nominations.[14]

Critics of Sarkozy claimed it was illegal for him to name the party "Republicans" because every French person is a republican if they support the values and ideals of the French Republic that emanated from the French Revolution, and as such the term is above party politics.[15] The new name was adopted by the party bureau on 5 May 2015 and approved by the party membership on 28 May by an online "yes" vote of 83.3% on a 45.7% turnout after a court ruling in favour of Sarkozy.[16] The new party statutes were adopted by 96.3% of voters and the composition of the new political bureau by 94.8%.[citation needed]

Founding congress

The change to the Republicans was confirmed at its founding congress on 30 May 2015 at the Paris Event Centre in Paris, attended by 10,000 activists.[17] Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, sent a congratulatory message to the congress. The Republicans thus became the legal successor of the UMP and the leading centre-right political party in France.[18]

The organisation has been declared in the préfecture de Saône-et-Loire on 9 April 2015.[19] According to the statement of this declaration, its aim is to "promote ideas of the right and centre, open to every people who wish to be member and debate in the spirit of a political party with republican ideas in France or outside France".[citation needed] This party foundation was published in the Journal officiel de la République française on 25 April 2015.[20]

Leadership

President

No. Name Photo Began Left
1 Nicolas Sarkozy
EPP Summit, March 2015, Brussels (16839373686) (cropped).jpg
30 May 2015 Incumbent

Vice President

No. Name Photo Began Left
1 Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet
Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet par Olivier Ezratty 4.jpg
30 May 2015 15 December 2015
2 Laurent Wauquiez
Laurent Wauquiez Fondapol 2.jpg
15 December 2015 Incumbent

See also

References

  1. [1]
  2. [2]
  3. "L'UMP devient "Les Républicains" / France Inter". Franceinter.fr. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  4. "ÂŤLes RĂŠpublicainsÂť :Â comment Sarkozy veut dĂŠpasser la logique de parti". Lesechos.fr. 2015-04-17. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Sarkozy apela a las esencias republicanas para reconquistar el poder". Abc.es. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  6. Politics (2015-06-02). "Hollande and Sarkozy are battling for the French Presidency — but France doesn't want either of them - Business Insider". Uk.businessinsider.com. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  7. Noack, Rick. "The ‘Republican Party’ is coming to France". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  8. "france | MEP MEMBER INDEX | EPP Group in the European Parliament". Eppgroup.eu. 2015-12-02. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  9. Bolton, Doug (30 May 2015). "Nicolas Sarkozy changes UMP party's name to The Republicans ahead of political comeback". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-05-30. 
  10. Reuters Editorial (2015-05-29). "France's UMP party changes name to The Republicans, boosting Sarkozy". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  11. "EPP - European People's Party - Member Parties". 50.8398374;4.3671204: Epp.eu. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  12. "Partidos Archivo". idc-cdi. 2015-11-26. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  13. "International Democrat Union » Member Parties". Idu.org. 2015-10-27. Retrieved 2015-12-06. 
  14. Béraud, Anne-Laëtitia (14 April 2015). "L’UMP se dote des statuts du nouveau parti baptisé «Les Républicains". 20minutes.fr. Retrieved 2015-09-18. 
  15. Chrisafis, Angelique (26 May 2015). "France: judges clear way for Sarkozy to rename UMP party Les Républicains". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-06-01. 
  16. Pauline Théveniaud (avec Olivier Beaumont), Congrès des «Républicains» : «Un jour de renaissance», pour Sarkozy Le Parisien, 30 mai 2015
  17. Alexandre Lemarié et Matthieu Goar, Sarkozy met les Républicains en ordre de bataille pour 2017 Le Monde, 30 mai 2015
  18. AFP (29 May 2015). "France's Sarkozy renames UMP party 'The Republicans'". Yahoo News. Retrieved 2015-06-01. 
  19. http://www.journal-officiel.gouv.fr/publications/assoc/pdf/2015/0017/JOAFE_PDF_Unitaire_20150017_01214.pdf
  20. No d'annonce : 1214 Paru le : 25/04/2015 Association : LES REPUBLICAINS. Identification R.N.A. : W715002794 No de parution : 20150017 Département (Région) : Saône-et-Loire (Bourgogne) Lieu parution : Déclaration à la préfecture de Saône-et-Loire. Type d'annonce : ASSOCIATION/CREATION

External links