Libertador Bolivarian Municipality
Municipio Bolivariano Libertador
|Libertador Bolivarian Municipality|
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|Founded||25 July 1567|
|• Mayor||Jorge Rodríguez (PSUV)|
|• Metro||433 km2 (167 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,816.36/km2 (12,474.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||VST (UTC-04:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC-04:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||VE-A|
|Website||Alcaldía Bolivariana de Libertador (Spanish)|
|The area and population figures are for the municipality.|
The Libertador Bolivarian Municipality (Spanish: Municipio Bolivariano Libertador) is the only administrative division of the Venezuelan Capital District and along with the municipalities of Baruta, Chacao, El Hatillo and Sucre forms the Metropolitan District of Caracas. It is also known as West Caracas, because its localization in the western portion of Caracas. It is landlocked by Vargas State and also borders Miranda State on the east and south. The municipality is one of a number in Venezuela named "Libertador Municipality", in honour of Venezuelan independence hero Simón Bolívar.
Libertador is one of the smallest municipalities in Venezuela, with a total area of 438 square kilometres (169 sq mi). It is the largest in terms of population, with approximately 2.1 million inhabitants.
In this municipality is home to the presidential palace, the federal legislative palace, the national electoral council, the main offices of PDVSA and CANTV, the Central Bank of Venezuela and the public ministry.
In 1986, its name was changed to Libertador District. Following the creation of the Vargas State in 1998, it became the sole administrative division of the Federal District.
Under the 1999 constitution, the Federal District ceased to exist and the Capital District of Venezuela was created. Under the new terms of administrative divisions, Libertador became a municipality, consisting of 22 parishes.
The Libertador Municipality is located in the mid-north of the country surrounded by the mountain El Ávila which is part of the Venezuelan central range. It borders by the north with the Vargas State, by the south and east with the Baruta Municipality of the Miranda State and by the west with the Aragua State.
The climate is characteristically tropical with the temperature varying according to the altitude with an annual temperature of 24 to −28 °C (75 to −18 °F) being the warmest of the five municipalities that forms Caracas.
The vast majority of the population works for the public sector. It is also the most important commercial centre of the country since the Central Bank of Venezuela is located there. Tourism is the next largest economic activity in the municipality as the historical centre of the city is there. Informal commerce is also predominant in the area.
The Libertador Municipality represents only 0.22% of the countrywide territory but is home to more than 2 million people and represents half of the total population of Caracas and a density of 4,816.36/km2. On the other hand, the entire area is urbanized.
Law and government
The Venezuelan constitution specifies that the municipal governments are divided by executive; governed by the mayor, and legislative branches; governed by the municipal council comprising thirteen members, both offices are elected through universal and secret suffrage.
The Libertador Municipality does not belong to any state therefore it doesn't have a governor but instead a Head of Government of the Capital District which is appointed by the President of the Republic.
Since August 2009 the municipality publishes a newspaper, Ciudad CCS.
- Claudio Fermín (1989-1992)
- Aristóbulo Istúriz (1992-1995)
- Antonio Ledezma (1995-2000)
- Freddy Bernal (2004-2008)
- Jorge Rodríguez (2008-)
The Libertador Municipality comprised 22 parishes out of the 32 that contains Caracas
|(1) Santa Rosalía||6,68 km²||118.327|
|(2) El Valle||12,64 km²||152.763|
|(3) Coche||? km²||57.907|
|(4) Caricuao||23,83 km²||166.918|
|(5) Macarao||10,25 km²||50.032|
|(6) Antímano||20,90 km²||150.971|
|(7) La Vega||12,64 km²||142.765|
|(8) El Paraíso||10,79 km²||114.820|
|(9) El Junquito||52,52 km²||45.398|
|(10) Sucre||59,30 km²||396.919|
|(11) San Juan||3,25 km²||101.777|
|(12) Santa Teresa||0,72 km²||20.641|
|(13) 23 de enero||2,31 km²||84.650 (2009)|
|(14) La Pastora||4,47 km²||41.989|
|(15) Altagracia||? km²||89.670|
|(16) San José||2,59 km²||39.196|
|(17) San Bernardino||12,27 km²||26.296|
|(18) Catedral||0,76 km²||5.479|
|(19) Candelaria||1,23 km²||62.360|
|(20) San Agustín||1,59 km²||46.757|
|(21) El Recreo||18,10 km²||107.051|
|(22) San Pedro||? km²||62.641|