Lillian Leitzel

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Lillian Leitzel in 1931

Lillian Leitzel (January 2, 1892, Breslau, Germany (present-day Wrocław, Poland) – February 15, 1931, Copenhagen, Denmark) was an acrobat and strongwoman for the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus.

Early life

Leitzel was born as Leopoldina Alitza Pelikan in a family of circus performers. Her father was a Hungarian army officer and theater performer. Her mother was a Czech circus acrobat. She spent her childhood in Germany where she lived with her maternal grandparents.[1] Although she had been well-educated and had prepared to pursue a career as a concert pianist, she joined her mother's aerobatic circus group, the Leamy Ladies.

In 1910, she came to the United States with the circus troupe and performed with Barnum and Bailey. The group later dissolved and its members returned to Europe, but Leitzel continued to attempt to perform in the American vaudeville circuit. In South Bend, Indiana, she was seen by an agent of the Ringling Brothers who offered her a contract. When Ringling and Barnum and Bailey merged, she became a huge star and a headline performer for the circus.[2]

Act and personality

Leitzel's act included one-armed planges, momentarily dislocating the shoulder during each plange. She would flip her body over her shoulder repeatedly, sometimes hundreds of times in a feat of endurance, encouraging the audience to count each one in unison. Only four feet, nine inches, she was also famous for her demanding personality and temper. Leitzel was the first performer in history to command her own private Pullman car completely furnished with her own baby grand piano.[3]

Her quick temper was legendary. It was not uncommon to witness Leitzel cursing or slapping a roustabout who did not adjust her rigging exactly to her liking. Further, Leitzel was known to fly off the handle and fire and rehire her personal maid, Mabel Cummings several times a day. In sharp contrast, she was known to the children on the show as "Auntie Leitzel", and who would hold birthday parties for her fellow performers in her private dressing tent.[4]


She married Clyde Ingalls in 1920 (the couple divorced in 1924), and later wed circus trapeze performer Alfredo Codona in 1928.

Accident and death

On February 13, 1931, she fell to the ground from her rigging while performing in Copenhagen, Denmark when the swivel that held the rope in place crystallized and snapped. She and Codona had been performing in Europe separately, and he rushed to Copenhagen. They boarded a train to return to Berlin where Codona had a commitment. However, she died on February 15, two days after the fall, aged 39. She was buried in Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, California.[5]


Lillian Leitzel was the first inductee elected into the International Circus Hall of Fame in 1958.[6]

A vintage circus poster depicting her was used as the subject of a United States postage stamp issued as part of a set on May 5, 2014.[7]


  1. "Trivia on Biography of Queen of the Circus Lillian Leitzel Part 1". Retrieved 2012-01-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Masek, Mark. "Grave Spotlight - Lillian Leitzel". Retrieved 30 March 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Eckley, Wilton. The American Circus. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1984.
  4. Willson, Dixie. “Under the Big Top”, Good Housekeeping, June-October 1931.
  5. Cemetery Guide
  6. "International Circus Hall of Fame". International Circus Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-08-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Vintage Circus Posters". United States Postal Service. Retrieved June 23, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links