Lincoln County, Arkansas

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Lincoln County, Arkansas
Lincoln County Courthouse 002.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Lincoln County
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 28, 1871
Named for Abraham Lincoln
Seat Star City
Largest city Star City
 • Total 572 sq mi (1,481 km2)
 • Land 562 sq mi (1,456 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (28 km2), 1.9%
 • (2010) 14,134
 • Density 25/sq mi (10/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,134.[1] The county seat is Star City.[2] Lincoln County is Arkansas's 65th county, formed on March 28, 1871, and named for Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth President of the United States.[3] It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Lincoln County is included in the Pine Bluff, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR Combined Statistical Area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 562 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.9%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 9,255
1890 10,255 10.8%
1900 13,389 30.6%
1910 15,118 12.9%
1920 18,774 24.2%
1930 20,250 7.9%
1940 19,709 −2.7%
1950 17,079 −13.3%
1960 14,447 −15.4%
1970 12,913 −10.6%
1980 13,369 3.5%
1990 13,690 2.4%
2000 14,492 5.9%
2010 14,134 −2.5%
Est. 2014 13,970 [5] −1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2014[1]
Age pyramid Lincoln County[10]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[11] there were 14,492 people, 4,265 households, and 3,130 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 people per square mile (10/km²). There were 4,955 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.88% White, 32.92% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. 1.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,265 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 12.40% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 142.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 154.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,607, and the median income for a family was $35,408. Males had a median income of $28,890 versus $19,990 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,479. About 15.50% of families and 19.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.60% of those under age 18 and 17.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The Cummins Unit is one of two prison units in Lincoln County

The Arkansas Department of Correction operates two prisons in unincorporated areas in the county.[12][13] The Varner Unit is located in Varner,[14] and the Cummins Unit is near Varner.[15]


The Arkansas Department of Correction, which operates the Cummins Unit and the Varner Unit in Lincoln County, is one of the county's major employers.[16]


School districts include:

Previously the Gould School District and the Grady School District served portions of the county. On July 1, 2004, the Gould district merged into the Dumas district and the Grady district merged into the Star City district.[17]



Unincorporated communities


Townships in Lincoln County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Lincoln County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [18][19]


See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 23, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 187.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Based on 2000 census data
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Varner Unit." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on July 18, 2010. "28 miles south of Pine Bluff off Highway 65 in Lincoln County."
  13. "Cummins Unit." Arkansas Department of Correction. Retrieved on August 15, 2010.
  14. "New hearing ordered for 3 in Ark. scout deaths." Associated Press at the Worcester Telegram. Wednesday September 29, 2010. Retrieved on March 5, 2011. "Damien Echols is interviewed in the visiting area of the Arkansas Department of Correction Varner Unit prison in Varner,"
  15. "Arkansas killer plans no more appeals He is to die Wednesday in '84 death of trooper." Associated Press at The Dallas Morning News. April 18, 1995. Retrieved on March 5, 2011. "[...] and he was transferred to the death watch cell at the Cummins Unit near Varner."
  16. "Lincoln County." (Archive) Encyclopedia of Arkansas (Central Arkansas Library System). Last updated December 31, 2010. Retrieved on March 8, 2011. "The Arkansas Department of Correction is one of the major employers in Lincoln County, with the Cummins and Varner units both located outside of Grady."
  17. "Consolidation/Annexations of LEA's (1983-2010)." Arkansas Department of Education. Retrieved on March 6, 2011.
  18. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Lincoln County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-08-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 29, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Summary Population and Housing Characteristics, CPH-1-5, Arkansas" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 31, 2014. External link in |work= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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