List of Aare bridges in Bern

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The Aare peninsula and the Old City. Along the river from left to right: Kirchenfeldbrücke, Nydeggbrücke, Untertorbrücke, Kornhausbrücke.

This is a list of the 18 bridges spanning the river Aare on the territory of the city of Bern, Switzerland.

With the historical city core situated on a steeply-flanked peninsula formed by the river, the Aare is a defining part of Bern's cityscape and features prominently in the city's 800-year history. Given its topography, the city's development in modern times was dependent on the construction of long high level bridges. Their construction in the 19th and 20th century at times stretched the limits of the possible.[1]

The building of the great bridges was a continuous topic of political controversy in Bern up until World War II. The disputes about the location and even the construction materials of the bridges – stone or iron – reflected the rivalry between the city's conservative and liberal factions.[2]

Current bridges

In the table, "length" refers to the distance between abutments. The height is measured from the pavement to the mean water level.

Image Name and description Opened Length Height Span Location [3]
Untertorbrücke Untertorbrücke: Built in wood 1256, rebuilt in stone 1489. The city's only Aare bridge up until 1834.[4] 1256 / 1489 52.5 m (172 ft) 8 m (26 ft) 15 m (49 ft), also twice 14 m (46 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 6
Neubrügg Neubrügg ("new bridge"): First built in 1466 to replace a ferry, rebuilt in 1535. Covered bridge on sandstone pillars, oldest wooden bridge in the Canton.[5] 1466 / 1535 91 m (299 ft) 6 m (20 ft) 21 m (69 ft) to 16 m (52 ft), 5 spans Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 17
Altenbergsteg Altenbergsteg: Footbridge built to connect the city to the Altenberg residential area. Built in wood in 1834 to replace an 1823 ferry, rebuilt in iron 1857.[4] 1834 / 1857 57 m (187 ft) 5 m (16 ft) 57 m (187 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 7
Nydeggbrücke Nydeggbrücke: First high level bridge, sheathed in sandstone.[6] Its main arch is the widest stone arch in continental Europe.[7] Built by a consortium of conservative burghers and financed through usage fees.[6] 1840 148 m (486 ft) 23 m (75 ft) 46 m (151 ft) (main arch), 17 m (56 ft) (side arches) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 5
Tiefenaubrücke Tiefenaubrücke: High level stone bridge built by the liberal government in reaction to the Nydeggbrücke.[8] Original design marred by 1977 broadening.[9] Parallel railway bridge opened 1965. 1850 92 m (302 ft) 31 m (102 ft) 25 m (82 ft), thrice Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 14
Dalmazibrücke Dalmazibrücke: Riverbank-level bridge in the Marzili neighbourhood, originally built as an iron bridge in 1872; demolished and rebuilt in prestressed concrete in 1958.[10] 1872 / 1958 63 m (207 ft) 4 m (13 ft) 20 m (66 ft), thrice Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 3
Kirchenfeldbrücke Kirchenfeldbrücke: First iron high level bridge, inspired by contemporary English designs. Built to develop the Kirchenfeld neighbourhood.[10] 1883 229 m (751 ft) 39 m (128 ft) 86 m (282 ft), twice Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 4
Kornhausbrücke Kornhausbrücke: High level bridge of stone and iron intended to develop the Lorraine neighbourhood.[11] 1898 355 m (1,165 ft) 48 m (157 ft) 115 m (377 ft) and five times 36 m (118 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 8
Schönausteg Schönausteg: Iron footbridge in the style of the Altenbergsteg, near the Dählhölzli zoo.[12] 1906 54 m (177 ft) 4 m (13 ft) 54 m (177 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1
Halenbrücke Halenbrücke: High level concrete bridge, only lightly reinforced, leading to Kirchlindach.[13] 1913 234 m (768 ft) 38 m (125 ft) 87 m (285 ft) and four times 21 m (69 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 18
Seftausteg Seftausteg: Iron footbridge at the Felsenau power plant.[12] 1921 53 m (174 ft) 5 m (16 ft) 53 m (174 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 16
Felsenaubrücke Felsenaubrücke: First built by the army as a wooden bridge in 1929, rebuilt as a solid-web girder bridge made of packed concrete in 1949.[14] Not to be confused with the later Felsenauviadukt. 1928 / 1949 63 m (207 ft) 8 m (26 ft) 16 m (52 ft), thrice Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 15
Lorrainebrücke Lorrainebrücke: First reinforced concrete high level bridge, built in the then-popular Heimatstil to resemble the older stone bridges.[15] 1930 178 m (584 ft) 38 m (125 ft) 82 m (269 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 9
Railway viaduct (Lorraineviadukt) Lorraine railway viaduct or Lorraineviadukt: Built in concrete by the Federal Railways to replace the aging Rote Brücke. It was the longest four-track railway viaduct in Europe at the time of construction.[16] 1941 1,093 m (3,586 ft) 43 m (141 ft) 150 m (490 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 10
Monbijoubrücke Monbijoubrücke: Designed as a high-traffic four-lane automobile bridge at a peak of general automobile enthusiasm; executed in prestressed concrete.[17] 1962 338 m (1,109 ft) 22 m (72 ft) 86 m (282 ft) twice and 81 m (266 ft) twice Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2
Tiefenaubrücke (RBS) Tiefenaubrücke (RBS): High level bridge in prestressed concrete built alongside the Tiefenaubrücke for the RBS railway.[18] 1965 200 m (660 ft) 30 m (98 ft) 97 m (318 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 13
Felsenauviadukt Felsenauviadukt: Longest viaduct of the A1 highway and the world's first single-cell box girder bridge built with the cantilever method, a pioneer work in prestressed concrete construction.[19] Design by Christian Menn.[17] 1975 1,116 m (3,661 ft) 63 m (207 ft) 156 m (512 ft) twice, 48 m (157 ft) twice Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 12
Stauwehr Engehalde Stauwehr Engehalde: Steel walkway across the Engehalde weir.[20] 1998[20] 61 m (200 ft)[21]
Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 11

Former bridges

Apart from the bridges that were rebuilt in the same spot, as noted above, one bridge no longer exists:

    Name and description In operation Length Height Span Location
Rote Brücke Rote Brücke (Red Bridge): High level bridge on stone pillars; the first railway bridge, iron bridge and double-decker bridge in Bern. Generally referred to by its red colour, it also acquired the sobriquet Würgengel ("Angel of Death") because of frequent fatal accidents.[22][23][24] Replaced by the Lorrainebrücke and the modern railway bridge.[22] 1858–1941 164 m (538 ft) 43 m (141 ft) (lower deck) 57 m (187 ft) and twice 50 m (160 ft) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.

Ferries

The Reichenbach ferry.

Before the building of the major bridges, a number of ferries existed in Bern to carry passengers and cargo across the Aare. Two remain in service: [25]

  • The Reichenbach ferry (Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.) is a cable ferry established in 1743. It links the tip of the Enge peninsula to Reichenbach Castle in Zollikofen.[26][27]
  • The Zehndermätteli ferry (Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.) is a cable ferry linking the Enge peninsula to Bremgarten.

References

The data in this list are taken from Furrer, p. 154–164, unless otherwise noted.

  1. von Bergen, 25.
  2. von Bergen, 39.
  3. Sequence downstream: numbers bridges from Schönausteg downstream.
  4. 4.0 4.1 von Bergen, 26.
  5. Furrer, 11–13.
  6. 6.0 6.1 von Bergen, 28.
  7. Furrer, 156.
  8. Furrer, 19.
  9. Furrer, 20.
  10. 10.0 10.1 von Bergen, 30.
  11. von Bergen, 32–34.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Furrer, 36.
  13. Furrer, 33–34.
  14. Furrer, 37.
  15. von Bergen, 35–37.
  16. von Bergen, 36.
  17. 17.0 17.1 von Bergen, 37.
  18. Furrer, 20–21.
  19. Caviezel, 248.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Dotierkraftwerk Engehalde". Energie Wasser Bern.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Satellite photography measurement in Google Earth.
  22. 22.0 22.1 von Bergen, 31.
  23. Weber, "Eisenbahnbrücke, Rote"
  24. Furrer, 23.
  25. "Fähren Schweiz".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. Weber.
  27. Fähre Reichenbach (German)

Bibliography

  • Caviezel, Zita; Herzog, Georges; Keller, Jürg A. (2006), Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern, Solothurn, Kunstführer durch die Schweiz, 3 (1st ed.), Bern: Gesellschaft für Schweizerische Kunstgeschichte, p. 248, ISBN 3-906131-97-1<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Furrer, Bernhard (1984), Übergänge: Berner Aarebrücken, Geschichte und Gegenwart, Bern: Benteli, ISBN 3-7165-0492-0<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hofer, Paul (1959), Die Stadt Bern., Kunstdenkmäler des Kantons Bern, 1, Basel: Gesellschaft für Schweizerische Kunstgeschichte / Verlag Birkhäuser, pp. 193–224, ISBN 3-906131-13-0<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • von Bergen, Stefan (1998), "Brückenschläge in die Zukunft – die Schlüsselrolle der Hochbrücken in Berns Urbanisierung", in Lüthi, Christian; Meier, Bernhard, Bern – eine Stadt bricht auf: Schauplätze und Geschichten der Berner Stadtentwicklung zwischen 1798 und 1998, Bern: Paul Haupt, pp. 25–40, ISBN 3-258-05721-4<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Weber, Berchtold (1976), Historisch-topographisches Lexikon der Stadt Bern, Bern: Berner Burgerbibliothek, ISBN 3-7272-0045-6<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links