List of Australian Ambassadors to Japan

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Ambassador of Australia to Japan
Coat of Arms of Australia.svg
Incumbent
Bruce Miller

since 7 April 2011[1]
Style His Excellency
Nominator Prime Minister of Australia
Appointer Governor General of Australia
Inaugural holder Sir John Latham
Formation 17 August 1940
Website Australian Embassy, Tokyo
The Australian Embassy in Tokyo.

The Ambassador of Australia to Japan is an officer of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the head of the Embassy of the Commonwealth of Australia to Japan. The position has the rank and status of an Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and is based in the Australian Embassy in Tokyo. The Ambassador is currently Bruce Miller.

Posting history

Japan and Australia have enjoyed full diplomatic relations since 1940 when the Australian Legation opened and the first Minister, Sir John Latham, presented credentials to Emperor Showa in January 1941.[2] Latham's appointment replaced the semi-diplomatic work of the Australian Trade Commission in Tokyo, headed by trade commissioner Eric Edwin Longfield Lloyd, who was appointed in June 1935.[3]

Longfield Lloyd's work, notwithstanding his limited ability to engage with matters outside of trade, was complicated by his vague status as a 'Trade Commissioner', a title that had no formal recognition of diplomatic status. As Australia was the only nation present in Japan that was represented by someone other than an ambassador, minister or consul, it gradually became clear that a higher-ranked appointment was needed. In November 1937, in order to help clarify his position, the term 'Trade' was removed from Longfield Lloyd's title to become the Australian 'Commissioner' in Tokyo.[4] This did not change his diplomatic status however and Latham's appointment in August 1940 was praised as solving this issue: "[Longfield Lloyd] has been confined almost exclusively to trade matters. In this respect he has rendered excellent service to both countries. The appointment of Sir John Latham, however, to a diplomatic post in Japan is something of far more importance."[5]

Full diplomatic relations were severed between December 1941 and 1952 on account of the declaration of war and the post-war occupation of Japan.[6][7] In March 1947 a new Minister to Japan was appointed, but rather than being accredited to the Japanese Government they were accredited to the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, owing to the Occupation of Japan, and they also served as the British Commonwealth member on the Allied Council for Japan.[8]

Office-holders

Trade Commissioner/Commissioner

Name Start of term End of term References
Eric Edwin Longfield Lloyd 7 June 1935 17 August 1940

Minister to Japan

Name Start of term End of term References
Sir John Latham 17 August 1940 8 December 1941 [9]
Suspension of relations 8 December 1941 30 March 1947
William Macmahon Ball 30 March 1947 August 1947 [8]
Patrick Shaw August 1947 September 1949 [10]
William Roy Hodgson September 1949 18 April 1952 [11]

Ambassadors to Japan

Name Start of term End of term References
Edward Ronald Walker 18 April 1952 1955 [12]
Alan Watt 1956 1960
Laurence McIntyre 1960 1965 [13]
Allen Brown 1965 1970 [14]
Gordon Freeth 1970 1973
Mick Shann 1973 1977 [15]
John Menadue 1977 1980 [16]
James Plimsoll 1981 1982
Neil Currie 1982 1986
Geoff Miller 1986 1989 [17]
Rawdon Dalrymple 1989 1993
Ashton Calvert 1993 1998
Peter Grey 1998 2001 [18]
John McCarthy 2001 2004 [19]
Murray McLean 2004 2011 [20]
Bruce Miller 7 April 2011 present [21]

See also

References

  1. "Diplomatic appointment: Ambassador to Japan". Brisbane: Foreign Minister of Australia. 7 April 2011. Archived from the original on 30 June 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Sir John Latham". High Court of Australia. Archived from the original on 12 March 2014. The Rt Hon Sir John Greig Latham…He served as Australia's first ambassador to Japan in 1940–41<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "TRADE". The Sydney Morning Herald (30, 399). New South Wales, Australia. 8 June 1935. p. 19. Retrieved 7 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Schevdin, Boris (2008). Emissaries of trade: a history of the Australian Trade Commissioner Service. Barton, ACT: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. pp. 56–57. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "SIR JOHN LATHAM". The Dubbo Liberal And Macquarie Advocate. 66, (101). New South Wales, Australia. 24 August 1940. p. 3. Retrieved 7 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "DIPLOMATIC STAFFS". Townsville Daily Bulletin. Qld.: National Library of Australia. 11 December 1941. p. 7. Retrieved 17 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. CA 2972: Australian Embassy, Japan [Tokyo], National Archives of Australia, retrieved 1 May 2015<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 "MINISTER TO JAPAN". The Sydney Morning Herald. NSW: National Library of Australia. 31 March 1947. p. 3. Retrieved 17 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "MINISTER TO JAPAN". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 19 August 1940. p. 9. Retrieved 17 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Diplomat For Job In Japan". News. Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 27 August 1947. p. 1. Retrieved 17 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "HODGSON NEW REP. IN JAPAN". Daily Mercury. Mackay, Qld.: National Library of Australia. 13 September 1949. p. 1. Retrieved 17 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "DR. E. R. WALKER TO BE AMBASSADOR TO JAPAN". The Canberra Times. National Library of Australia. 19 April 1952. p. 4. Retrieved 17 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Edwards, Peter, "McIntyre, Sir Laurence Rupert (Jim) (1912–1981)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Australian National University, archived from the original on 24 April 2013<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "New envoy to Japan named". The Canberra Times. 4 February 1965. p. 1. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Diplomatic reshuffle announced". The Canberra Times. 27 September 1973. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. John Menadue, Australian Broadcasting Commission, archived from the original on 25 April 2013<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "New Ambassador to Japan named". The Canberra Times. 5 July 1986. p. 10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Downer, Alexander (17 February 1998). "Diplomatic Appointment: Ambassador to Japan" (Press release). Australian Government. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Downer, Alexander (19 March 2001). "Diplomatic Appointment: Ambassador to Japan" (Press release). Australian Government. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Downer, Alexander (17 June 2004). "Diplomatic Appointment: Ambassador to Japan" (Press release). Australian Government. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Rudd, Kevin (7 April 2011). "Diplomatic appointment: Ambassador to Japan" (Press release). Australian Government. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links