List of English terms of venery, by animal

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A skein of geese

This is a list of English terms of venery (venery being an archaic word for hunting), comprising terms from a tradition that arose in the Late Middle Ages, at least partly from the Book of Saint Albans of 1486. The list also includes more common collective terms (such as herd and flock) for some animals.

Standard terms for particular groups are listed first in each group and shown in bold.

Subject Collective noun Notes Sources
A
alligators congregation [1]
antelopes herd [2][3]
ants army [1]
colony [1][2]
nest [1]
swarm [1]
apes shrewdness [3][4][5]
troop [1]
asses herd [1]
drove driven in a group [1]
pace or passe [1][2]
B
baboons troop [1][5]
badgers cete [1][2][5][6]
bats colony [2]
bears sleuth or sloth [1][2][5]
beavers colony [1]
family [1]
bees swarm [5]
drift [5]
erst [5]
grist [2]
birds flock [5]
flight [5]
pod [5]
bitterns sedge or sege [2][4][7]
boars (wild boars) sounder 12 or more [6]
buffalo herd [2][5]
bullfinches bellowing [5]
bullocks drove driven in a group [5]
butterflies swarm [8]
flutter [9]
buzzards wake [1][2]
C
camels caravan [1]
flock [1]
train [1]
capercaillie tok [10]
capons mews [11]
caribou herd [11]
cats clowder [1][2]
cluster [1]
clutter [1]
glaring [1]
pounce [1][2]
destruction wild cats (feral cats) [5][12]
caterpillars army [1]
cattle herd [1][2]
drove [1][2]
mob driven in a group [13]
chickens brood [1][5]
clutch [5]
peep [1][5]
choughs chattering or clattering [4][5][6][14][15]
cockroaches intrusion [1]
colts rag [2][5][6]
rake [5]
cormorants gulp [1][2]
coots covert [4][5]
coyotes pack
cranes herd [4][5]
sedge or sege [2][7]
crocodiles bask [1][2]
float [1]
crows murder [1][2][5][6]
curlews herd [4][5][6]
D
deer herd [16]
parcel [17]
dogs pack [16]
dolphins pod [18][19]
dotterel trip [2][5][16][20]
doves dole or dule fanciful [2][4][5][16]
ducks flock [1]
badling [2]
paddling on water [1][2][5][16]
plump [21][22]
raft on water [1][2][5][16]
dunlins fling [5]
E
eagles convocation [1][2]
eels bed [1]
swarm [1]
elephants herd [1][2]
memory [1]
elk gang [1][5][6]
herd [1][5]
emus mob [1]
F
falcons cast [23]
ferrets business corruption over time of 'busyness' [1][2][6]
busyness [4]
besyness
fesynes
fesnyng
feamyng
ghost words arising from successive misspellings of "busyness" [24]
finches charm or chirm [1][2][5]
fish school [1][2]
shoal [1][2]
flamingoes stand [1][2]
flies business [1][2]
cloud [1]
swarm [1]
foxes leash [1][2]
skulk [1][2]
frogs army [1][2]
G
geese flock on land [2][25]
gaggle on land [1][2][25]
skein in flight [1][2][25]
giraffes herd [25]
gnats cloud [1][2][5][25]
horde [1][2][25]
goats flock [25]
goldfinches charm [25]
goosanders dopping [25]
gorillas band [1][2][25]
troop [1]
goshawks flight [4][25]
grasshoppers cloud [2][25]
grouse covey [5][25]
guineafowl rasp [26]
H
hares down [27]
drove [27]
flick [27]
husk [27]
harts herd [27]
hawks boil two or more spiralling in flight [1][2]
cast [1][2][4][5]
kettle flying in large numbers [1][2]
lease [4]
hedgehogs array [27]
herons sedge or sege [1][2][4][6][7][27]
siege [1][2][5][27]
hippopotamuses bloat [1][2][27]
hogs parcel See also boars, pigs, swine [28][29]
hornets bike [27]
nest [2]
swarm [27]
horses team in harness [1][2][27]
band [1]
haras or harrase [2][27]
herd [1][27]
stable [1][27]
string [1][2][27]
stud [2][27]
hounds pack [27]
cry [27]
hunt [27]
meet [27]
mute [27]
stable [27]
hyenas cackle [1][2]
I
ibex herd [30]
ibises colony [30]
iguanas mess [30]
insects flight [30]
horde [30]
plague [30]
rabble [30]
swarm [30]
J
jackdaws clattering [31]
train [31][32]
jays band [1]
party [1][2]
scold [1][2]
jellyfish fluther [5]
smack [1][2][5]
K
kangaroos mob [1]
troop [1][2]
kittens kindle [5]
L
lapwings deceit or desert [2][4][5][6][33]
larks bevy [5]
exaltation [4][5][6]
leopards leap or lepe [1][2][5]
lions pride [1][2][5]
sawt [5]
locusts plague [2]
M
mackerel shoal [34]
magpies charm [2]
congregation [34]
gulp [2]
murder [2]
tiding [2][4][5][34]
tittering [34]
mallards flush [34]
puddling [34]
sord [2][5][34]
suit or sute [5][34]
mares stud [5][6][34]
martens richesse or richness [2][5][34]
mice nest [1][34]
trip [34]
minnows shoal [34]
moles company [34]
labor or labour [1][2][5][34]
monkeys barrel [1][2]
cartload [34]
tribe [34]
troop [2][5][34]
wilderness [35]
moorhens plump [34]
moose herd [1][34]
mosquitoes scourge [34]
mudhens fleet [34]
mules barren [1][2][5][6][34]
pack [2][34]
rake [34]
span [1][2][34]
N
nightingales watch [4][5]
O
owls parliament [1][2][6]
oxen drove [1]
team [1][2]
yoke [1][2]
oysters bed [1][2]
P
parrots company [1][2]
pandemonium [1]
partridges covey [2][5]
peacocks muster [2][5][6]
ostentation [1][2]
pride [1]
pelicans pod [1]
pheasants bouquet [1][2]
head [5]
nest [2]
nide [2]
nye [1][2][5][6]
pigs drift See also boars, hogs, swine [1][2]
drove [1][2]
pigeons kit flying together [5]
plovers congregation [4][5]
stand [5]
wing [5]
Q
quail bevy [1][2][4][5]
covey [1][2]
drift [5]
R
rabbits colony [2][36]
fluffle [36]
nest [2]
herd domestic only [2]
litter young rabbits only [2]
raccoons gaze [1]
ravens unkindness [4][5]
rhinoceroses crash [1][2][5]
rooks building [4][5]
parliament [5][6]
S
salmon bind [37]
draught [37]
run [37]
sandpipers fling [37]
seals herd [37]
pod [37]
rookery [37]
sea urchins herd [38][39]
sheep flock [1][2][37]
down [37]
drift when driven in a group [37]
drove when driven in a group [2][37]
herd [2][37]
hurtle [1][37]
meinie [37]
mob [37]
pack [1]
parcel [37]
trip [37]
sheldrake dopping [37][40]
snails escargatoire [37]
rout [37]
walk [37]
snakes bed [1]
den [1]
knot [1]
nest [2]
pit [1]
snipes walk [5][6][37]
whisp or wisp [5][37]
sparrows host [1][2][4][5][37]
meinie [37]
tribe [37]
spiders cluster or clutter [1][37]
squirrels colony [37]
dray [1][2]
scurry [1][2]
starlings chattering [1][14][37]
clattering [37]
cloud [37]
congregation [37]
murmuration [1][4][5][6][37]
stoats pack [37]
trip [37]
storks flight [37]
mustering [1][2][37]
phalanx when migrating [37]
swallows flight [1][2][37]
gulp [37]
swans bank on the ground [1][37]
bevy [1][2][37]
drift [37]
eyrar [37]
flight [1]
game [5][37]
herd [1][37]
lamentation fanciful [37]
sownder [37]
team [37]
wedge in flight [1][2][5][37]
whiting [37]
swifts flock [37]
scream [41]
swine doylt See also boars, hogs, pigs [37]
drift [6][37]
trip [37]
T
teal spring [2][4][5]
tigers ambush [1]
streak [1][2]
toads knot [1][2]
nest [1]
trout hover [1][2]
turkeys gang [2]
rafter [1][2]
turtles bale [1][2]
dole [1]
nest [2]
turtle doves dole or dule [4]
pitying [2]
U
V
vipers nest [2]
W
walruses herd [2]
pod [2]
waterfowl bunch [5]
knob [5]
raft [5]
weasels colony [1]
pack [1]
whales gam [1][2]
herd [2]
mob [1]
pod [1][2]
wigeons company [2][5]
trip [5]
wildfowl bunch [5]
knob fewer than 30[not in citation given] [5]
plump [5]
trip [5]
wolves pack [1][2]
rout or route when in movement [1][2]
wombats wisdom [42]
woodcocks fall [2][4][5]
woodpeckers descent [1][2][5]
wrens herd [4][5]
X
Y
Z
zebras herd [1][43]
cohort [43]
dazzle [44]
zeal [1][43]

See also

References

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