List of Knights Commander of the Royal Victorian Order appointed by Queen Victoria

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The Royal Victorian Order is an order of knighthood awarded by the sovereign of the United Kingdom and several Commonwealth realms. It is granted personally by the monarch and recognises personal service to the monarchy, the Royal Household, royal family members, and the organisation of important royal events.[1][2] The order was officially created and instituted on 23 April 1896 by letters patent under the Great Seal of the Realm by Queen Victoria.[3] It was instituted with five grades, Knight Grand Cross (GCVO), Knight Commander (KCVO), Commander (CVO), Member (fourth class) and Member (fifth class), the last two of which were abbreviated to MVO. The two highest conferred the status of knighthood on holders; in 1984, the grade of Member (fourth class) was renamed Lieutenant (LVO), and holders of the fifth grade became Members.[4] Women were not admitted until 1936; those receiving the highest two awards were styled Dames and those grades, when conferred on women, are Dame Grand Cross and Dame Commander (DCVO).[5] The order could also be conferred on foreigners, who were typically appointed to honorary grades and were thus not entitled to the styles, such as Sir and Dame, associated with ordinary grades.[6][7]

Appointed by Queen Victoria

The list below is ordered by date of appointment. Full names, styles, ranks and titles are given where applicable, as correct at the time of appointment to the order. Branch of service or regiment details are given in parentheses to distinguish them from offices. The offices listed are those given in the official notice, printed in the London Gazette. Where applicable, the occasion is given that was listed either with the notices or in published material elsewhere, in which case that material is cited.

  •       This along with a * indicates that the appointment was Honorary.
Name Country Date of appointment Office Ref
François, Count Alziary de Malaussena* France 8 May 1896 Mayor of Nice [8][9]
Colonel The Hon. William Colville United Kingdom 25 May 1896 Her Majesty's Master of the Ceremonies [10]
Baron Vladimir Frederiks* Russia 30 June 1896 Equerry to the Imperial Court and Assistant to the Minister of the Imperial Household, General Adjutant and Lieutenant-General [11][12]
Count Paul Benkendorf* Russia 30 June 1896 Acting Master of the Household and Major-General on the Staff of the Emperor of Russia. [11]
Li Jingfang* China 5 August 1896 In attendance on Li Hongzhang, the special ambassador to England from the Chinese Emperor [13][14]
Loh Feng Luh* China 27 August 1896 First Secretary of Li Hongzhang's Special Embassy [15]
Sir Theodore Martin United Kingdom 16 September 1896 [16]
General Henry Gardiner United Kingdom 30 January 1897 Colonel Commandant, Royal Horse Artillery, Groom in Waiting and Extra Equerry to the Queen [17][18]
Hugo, Baron von Reischach* German Empire 28 March 1897 Master of the Household to the Empress Frederick of Germany [19]
Vice-Admiral Édouard Barrera* France 26 April 1897 Commander-in-Chief and Maritime Prefect at Brest [20]
Captain Prince Adolphus of Teck United Kingdom[n 1] 30 June 1897 (1st Life Guards) [22]
Lieutenant-General Dudley FitzGerald-De Ros, 24th Baron De Ros United Kingdom 30 June 1897 Late Lord in Waiting to the Queen [18][22]
Major-General Paul Methuen, 3rd Baron Methuen United Kingdom 30 June 1897 Commanding the Home District at the Diamond Jubilee [18][22]
John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton United Kingdom 30 June 1897 Late Lord in Waiting to the Queen [18][22]
Montagu Lowry-Corry, 1st Baron Rowton United Kingdom 30 June 1897 [18][22]
Colonel The Hon. Henry Byng United Kingdom 30 June 1897 Equerry to the Queen [18][22]
Major-General Sir Henry Ewart United Kingdom 30 June 1897 Crown Equerry [18][22]
Major-General Arthur Ellis United Kingdom 30 June 1897 Equerry to the Prince of Wales [18][22]
Major-General Stanley Clarke United Kingdom 30 June 1897 Equerry to the Prince of Wales [18][22]
Count Albert von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein* Austria-Hungary 30 June 1897 [14][23]
Luitbert, Baron von Pawel Rammingen United Kingdom[n 2] 24 August 1897 [24]
Admiral Baron Albert Seckendorff* German Empire 12 September 1897 Master of the Household to Henry of Prussia [25]
Prince Danilo Alexander* Montenegro 5 May 1898 General in Montenegrin Army, Crown Prince of Montenegro [26]
Prince Eduard of Leiningen* Germany 5 May 1898 [26]
Gustavus, Count of Erbach-Schoenberg* Germany 5 May 1898 [26]
General Paul Gebhart* France 5 May 1898 Governor of Nice. Appointed on the occasion of the visit of the Queen to Cimiez [14][26]
Gabriel Le Roux* France 5 May 1898 Prefect of the Maritime Alps. Appointed on the occasion of the visit of the Queen to Cimiez [26][27]
Sir William MacCormac United Kingdom 27 September 1898 President of the Royal College of Surgeons, Surgeon-in-Ordinary to the Prince of Wales. Appointed in recognition of services in connection with the recent accident to the Prince of Wales [28][29]
Sir Francis Laking United Kingdom 27 September 1898 Surgeon-Apothecary to the Prince of Wales. Appointed in recognition of services in connection with the recent accident to the Prince of Wales [28][29]
General Alexis Hagron* France 26 August 1898 General de Division. Appointed to mark the attendance of the Duke of Connaught at the French military manoeuvres [30]
Philippe Marius Crozier* France 26 August 1898 Ministre Plenipotentiaire, Chef du Service du Protocole. Appointed to mark the attendance of the Duke of Connaught at the French military manoeuvres [27][30]
Captain Prince Francis of Teck United Kingdom 8 December 1898 (1st Royal Dragoons) [29][31]
Second Lieutenant Prince Alexander of Teck United Kingdom 8 December 1898 (7th (Queen's Own) Hussars) [29][31]
Rear-Admiral John Fullerton United Kingdom 9 May 1899 In command of the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert [29][32]
Vice-Admiral Le Comte de Maigret* France 9 May 1899 Commandant-en-Chef, Préfet Maritime, Cherbourg. Appointed on the occasion of the visit of the Queen to Cimiez [32]
Carl von Strenge* German Empire 24 June 1899 Minister of State of the Duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha [33]
Major-General Friedrich von Scholl* German Empire 23 November 1899 Aide-de-Camp to the German Emperor. Appointed on the occasion of the visit of the German Emperor to the Queen [27][34]
Baron Bodo von dem Knesebeck* German Empire 23 November 1899 Deputy Master of Ceremonies to the German Emperor. Appointed on the occasion of the visit of the German Emperor to the Queen [27][34]
Hercules Rowley, 4th Baron Langford United Kingdom 26 April 1900 Comptroller of the Household of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Appointed on the occasion of the visit of the Queen to Ireland [29][35]
Sir David Herrel United Kingdom 26 April 1900 Under-Secretary for Ireland. Appointed on the occasion of the visit of the Queen to Ireland [29][35]
Major-General Ferdinand von Arnim* German Empire 7 May 1900 Appointed on the occasion of the visit of the Duke of York to Berlin [27][36]
Victor Spencer, 3rd Baron Churchill United Kingdom 24 May 1900 Lord in Waiting to the Queen [29][37]
Sir Alexander Stephen United Kingdom 24 August 1900 Her Majesty's Minister Resident at Dresden and Coburg [29][38]
Geheimer Justizrath Professor Dr. Friedrich Haenel* German Empire 20 December 1900 Professor at the University of Kiel [27][39]
Reginald Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher United Kingdom 1 January 1901 [29][40]

References

Notes

  1. His father was naturalised as a British subject in 1864.[21]
  2. Naturalised as a British subject, 1880.[21]

Citations

  1. "Royal Victorian Order", royal.gov.uk (accessed 16 August 2014).[dead link]
  2. "Royal Victorian Order", gg.ca (accessed 16 August 2014)
  3. The London Gazette, issue 26733, p. 2455
  4. McCreery, 2008, p. 29
  5. Duckers, 2004, p. 38
  6. Honorary Knighthood, debretts.com (accessed on 20 August 2014).
  7. Knighthood, royal.gov.uk (accessed on 20 August 2014).[dead link]
  8. The London Gazette, issue no. 26740, p. 2988
  9. Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Companionage, 1902, p. 667
  10. The London Gazette, issue no. 26743, p. 3124
  11. 11.0 11.1 The London Gazette, issue no. 26755, p. 3853
  12. L. Senelick (ed.), National Theatre in Northern and Eastern Europe, 1746-1900, 1991, p. 395
  13. The London Gazette, issue no. 26769, p. 4692
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Shaw 1906, p. 438
  15. The London Gazette, issue no. 26774, p. 4987
  16. The London Gazette, issue no. 26780, p. 5320
  17. The London Gazette, issue no. 26819, p. 619
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.8 Shaw 1906, p. 432
  19. The London Gazette, issue no. 26838, p. 1881
  20. The London Gazette, issue no. 26851, p. 2692
  21. 21.0 21.1 Massue 1909, p. 231
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 22.4 22.5 22.6 22.7 22.8 The London Gazette, issue no. 26871, p. 3819
  23. The London Gazette, issue no. 26871, p. 3820
  24. The Edinburgh Gazette, issue no. 10915, p. 849
  25. The London Gazette, issue no. 26894, p. 5269
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 26.4 The London Gazette, issue no. 26965, p. 2888
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 Shaw 1906, p. 439
  28. 28.0 28.1 The London Gazette, issue no. 27009, p. 5733
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7 29.8 29.9 Shaw 1906, p. 433
  30. 30.0 30.1 The London Gazette, issue no. 27020, p. 6451
  31. 31.0 31.1 The London Gazette, issue no. 27032, p. 8045
  32. 32.0 32.1 The London Gazette, issue no. 27079, p. 3029
  33. The London Gazette, issue no. 27097, p. 4277
  34. 34.0 34.1 The London Gazette, issue no. 27140, p. 8089
  35. 35.0 35.1 The London Gazette, issue no. 27191, p. 2996
  36. The London Gazette, issue no. 27192, p. 3070
  37. The London Gazette, issue no. 27196, p. 3332
  38. The London Gazette, issue no. 27226, p. 5461
  39. The London Gazette, issue no. 27264, p. 157
  40. The London Gazette, issue no. 27268, p. 463

Bibliography