List of Presidents of the United States by political affiliation

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This article is intended to be a comprehensive list of all presidents, grouped by political party.

Summary

Party Number of Presidents Total Days in Office
Republican 18 32,138
Democratic 16 31,025
Democratic-Republican 4 10,227
Whig 4 4,383
Federalist 1 1,460
Non-Affiliated 1 2,865

Republican

Eighteen members of the: Republican Party have served as president, governing for 88 years in total. Four served two full terms and five served one full term. Three were elected twice but either died or were assassinated (Abraham Lincoln and William McKinley) or resigned (Richard Nixon) during their second term. Two were elected once but died before completing their first term (James A. Garfield and Warren G. Harding). Four succeeded to the presidency following the death or resignation of their predecessor: two (Theodore Roosevelt and Calvin Coolidge) were subsequently elected to a full term; two (Chester A. Arthur and Gerald Ford) were not.

Name Term Began Term Ended Time in Office
Abraham Lincoln November 1863.jpg Abraham Lincoln[n 1] March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865 4 years, 1 month and 11 days
Ulysses Grant 1870-1880.jpg Ulysses S. Grant March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 8 years
President Rutherford Hayes 1870 - 1880.jpg Rutherford B. Hayes March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 4 years
James A. Garfield.jpg James A. Garfield March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881 6 months and 15 days
92x92px Chester A. Arthur September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 3 years, 5 months and 13 days
109x109px Benjamin Harrison March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893 4 years
William mckinley.jpg William McKinley March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901 4 years, 6 months and 10 days
110x110px Theodore Roosevelt September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909 7 years, 5 months and 18 days
William Howard Taft, Bain bw photo portrait, 1908.jpg William Howard Taft March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 4 years
105x105px Warren G. Harding March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923 2 years, 4 months and 29 days
103x103px Calvin Coolidge August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 5 years, 7 months and 2 days
93x93px Herbert Hoover March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 4 years
91x91px Dwight D. Eisenhower January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961 8 years
100x100px Richard Nixon January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974 5 years, 6 months and 20 days
Gerald Ford, official Presidential photo.jpg Gerald Ford August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 2 years, 5 months and 11 days
Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg Ronald Reagan January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 8 years
43 George H.W. Bush 3x4.jpg George H. W. Bush January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 4 years
100x100px George W. Bush January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 8 years

Democratic

Sixteen members of the Democratic Party have served as president, governing for a total of 91 years. Five served at least two full terms (Franklin Roosevelt was elected four times; he served three full terms and died during his fourth) and five served one full term. Three succeeded to the presidency after the death of their predecessor (of which two were subsequently elected to a full term [i.e., Harry Truman and Lyndon Johnson] ) and one, Andrew Johnson, did not seek election). John F. Kennedy was assassinated before his first term was finished and Barack Obama is currently in office.

Name Term Began Term Ended Time in Office
86x86px Andrew Jackson March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 8 years
08 Martin Van Buren 3x4.jpg Martin Van Buren March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 4 years
99x99px James K. Polk March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 4 years
Franklin Pierce - 1.jpg Franklin Pierce March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 4 years
James Buchanan.jpg James Buchanan March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 4 years
100x100px Andrew Johnson[n 2] April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 3 years, 10 months and 17 days
123x123px Grover Cleveland March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889 4 years
111x111px Grover Cleveland March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 4 years
Woodrow Wilson-H&E.jpg Woodrow Wilson March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 8 years
Franklin D. Roosevelt cph.3b33775.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt March 4, 1933 April 12, 1945 12 years, 1 month and 8 days
Harry S. Truman.jpg Harry S. Truman April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 7 years, 9 months and 8 days
96x96px John F. Kennedy January 20, 1961 November 22, 1963 2 years, 10 months and 2 days
37 Lyndon Johnson 3x4.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 5 years, 1 month and 29 days
Jimmy Carter cropped.jpg Jimmy Carter January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 4 years
44 Bill Clinton 3x4.jpg Bill Clinton January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 8 years
102x102px Barack Obama January 20, 2009 (in office) 11 years, 6 months and 21 days

Democratic-Republican

Four members of the United States Democratic-Republican Party have governed for a total of 28 years:

Name Term Began Term Ended Time in Office
Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg Thomas Jefferson March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 8 years
James Madison.jpg James Madison March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 8 years
James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif James Monroe March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 8 years
John Quincy Adams.jpg John Quincy Adams March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 4 years

Whig

Four members of the United States Whig Party have governed for a total of 8 years:

Name Term Began Term Ended Time in Office
William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg William Henry Harrison March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841 1 month
100x100px John Tyler[n 3] April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 3 years and 11 months
Zachary Taylor-circa1850.jpg Zachary Taylor March 4, 1849 July 9, 1850 1 year, 4 months and 5 days
100x100px Millard Fillmore July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853 2 years, 7 months and 23 days

Federalist

Name Term Began Term Ended Time in Office
US Navy 031029-N-6236G-001 A painting of President John Adams (1735-1826), 2nd president of the United States, by Asher B. Durand (1767-1845)-crop.jpg John Adams March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 4 years

Non-Affiliated

Name Term Began Term Ended Time in Office
Gilbert Stuart Williamstown Portrait of George Washington.jpg George Washington April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 7 years, 10 months and 2 days

Other Parties

Footnotes

  1. Lincoln served his first term (from 1861–1865) as a member of the Republican Party, but ran for his second term as a member of the National Union Party and served only a short part of his second term in 1865 before being assassinated.
  2. Andrew Johnson did not identify with the two main parties of Democrats and Republicans, though he did try for the Democratic nomination in 1868, and so while President he attempted to build a party of loyalists under the National Union label. Asked in 1868 why he did not become a Democrat, he said, "It is true I am asked why don't I join the Democratic Party. Why don't they join me ... if I have administered the office of president so well?"[citation needed] This failure to build a new National Union Party made Johnson effectively an independent.
  3. Although John Tyler was elected vice president on the Whig ticket, his policies soon proved to be opposed to most of the Whig agenda, and he was expelled from the party in 1841, a few months after taking office as President.