List of Qing imperial residents in Tibet

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This is a complete list the Qing dynasty imperial residents in Tibet, also known as the ambans.


Of the 80 ambans, most were Manchu and only four were known to be Han Chinese: Meng Bao, Jing Wen, Qing Shan and Zhao Erfeng (see below). At least fifteen Mongols were known to have served as ambasa, perhaps more. The nationalities of several of the ambans is unknown.

(H=Han Chinese,M=Mongol,?=unknown,unmarked=Manchu)

See also


  • Kolmaš, Josef. The Ambans and Assistant Ambans of Tibet, Archiv Orientální. Supplementa 7. Prague: The Oriental Institute, 1994.