List of federal agencies in the United States

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This is a list of agencies of the United States federal government.

Legislative definitions of a federal agency are varied, and even contradictory, and the official United States Government Manual offers no definition.[2][3] While the Administrative Procedure Act definition of "agency" applies to most executive branch agencies, Congress may define an agency however it chooses in enabling legislation, and subsequent litigation, often involving the Freedom of Information Act and the Government in the Sunshine Act, further cloud attempts to enumerate a list of agencies.[4][5]

The executive branch of the federal government includes the Executive Office of the President and the United States federal executive departments (whose secretaries belong to the Cabinet). Employees of the majority of these agencies are considered civil servants.

The majority of the independent agencies of the United States government are also classified as executive agencies (they are independent in that they are not subordinated under a Cabinet position). There are a small number of independent agencies that are not considered part of the executive branch, such as the Library of Congress and Congressional Budget Office, which are administered directly by Congress and thus are legislative branch agencies. The status of these agencies is an open question, however, as Judge Brett Kavanaugh noted in a brief concurrence in SoundExchange, Inc. v. Librarian of Congress. There is one independent agency in the judicial branch, the United States Sentencing Commission.


Legislative branch

Seal of the Unites States Congress.svg

Agencies within the legislative branch:

Judicial branch

Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg

Agencies within the judicial branch:

Executive branch

Executive Office of the President

Seal of the President of the United States.svg


United States Department of Agriculture


United States Department of Commerce


United States Department of Defense

United States Department of Defense Seal.svg

United States Department of Education

2013 Department of Education Structure
Office of the Secretary (OS)
Office of the Under Secretary (OUS)
Office of the Deputy Secretary (ODS) / Chief Operating Officer
Associated federal organizations
  • Advisory Councils and Committees
  • National Assessment Governing Board (NAGB)[1]
  • National Advisory Council on Indian Education (NACIE)
  • Federal Interagency Committee on Education (FICE)
  • Advisory Commission on Accessible Instructional Materials in Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities
  • National Board for Education Sciences
  • National Board of the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE)
Federally aided organizations

United States Department of Energy

Seal of the United States Department of Energy.svg

United States Department of Health and Human Services


United States Department of Homeland Security

Seal of the United States Department of Homeland Security.svg




National Protection and Programs

Science and Technology

Offices and Institutes

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development





United States Department of the Interior

Seal of the United States Department of the Interior.svg

United States Department of Justice

Seal of the United States Department of Justice.svg

United States Department of Labor

Agencies and Bureaus


United States Department of Navy

United States Department of State

Seal of the United States Department of State.svg

Agencies and Bureaus

Reporting to the Secretary
Reporting to the Deputy Secretary for Management and Resources
Reporting to the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security
Reporting to the Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights
Reporting to the Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment
Reporting to the Under Secretary for Management
Reporting to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs
Reporting to the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs

Permanent Diplomatic Missions

United States Department of Transportation



United States Department of the Treasury


Agencies and Bureaus


  • Office of Domestic Finance
  • Office of Economic Policy
  • Office of International Affairs
  • Office of Tax Policy
  • Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
  • Treasurer of the United States

United States Department of Veterans Affairs

Seal of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.svg


Boards and offices

  • Board of Veterans' Appeals
  • Center for Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
  • Center for Minority Veterans
  • Center for Veterans Enterprise
  • Center for Women Veterans
  • Office of Advisory Committee Management
  • Office of Employment Discrimination Complaint Adjudication
  • Office of Survivors Assistance
  • Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
  • Veterans Service Organizations Liaison

Independent agencies and government-owned corporations

Article I, Section 4


Article I, Section 8

Administrative agencies

Civil Service agencies

Commerce regulatory agencies

Education agencies

Energy and science agencies

Foreign investment agencies

Interior agencies

Labor agencies

Monetary and financial agencies

Postal agencies

Retirement agencies

Federal Property and Seat of Government agencies

Transportation agencies

Volunteerism agencies

Article II, Section 1

Defense and Security agencies

Amendment 14

Civil Rights

Proposed government-owned corporation

Inspectors general

Quasi-official agencies

Private regulatory corporations

Government entities created by acts but are independent or other entities

See also




External links