List of attacks attributed to the LTTE

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search

The following is a list of chronological attacks attributed to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly known as the Tamil Tigers.[1][2][3] The attacks include massacres, bombings, robberies, ethnic cleansing, military battles and assassinations of civilian and military targets. The LTTE is a separatist militant group that fought for a separate Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka between 1976 and 2009. The rebel group has been banned by 30 countries, including the United States, Canada, India and the 27 member nations of the European Union.

Notable and deadliest attacks

Attack Date Location Death toll Sources
1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers 11 June 1990 Eastern Province 600-774 [4][5]
Kattankudy mosque massacre 3 August 1990 Kattankudy, Batticaloa District 147 [6]
Anuradhapura massacre 14 May 1985 Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura District 146 [7]
Habarana bus massacre 17 April 1987 Habarana, Anuradhapura District 127 [8]
October 1995 Eastern Sri Lanka massacres 16 October 1995 Eastern Province 120
Central Bus Station Bombing 21 April 1987 Pettah, Colombo, Colombo District 113 [9]
Palliyagodella massacre 15 October 1991 Palliyagodella, Polonnaruwa District 109 [8][10]
2006 Digampathana bombing 16 October 2006 Digampathaha, Matale District 92–103 [11]
Central Bank bombing 31 January 1996 Colombo, Colombo District 91 [7]
Kebithigollewa massacre 15 June 2006 Kebithigollewa, Anuradhapura District 66 [12]
Dehiwala train bombing (1996) 24 July 1996 Dehiwala, Colombo District 64 [13]
Kent and Dollar Farm massacres 30 November 1984 Mullaitivu District 62 [14]
Lionair Flight 602 29 September 1998 off the cost of Mannar District 55 [15]
Gonagala massacre 18 September 1999 Gonagala, Ampara District 54 [16]
Assassination of Gamini Dissanayake Ossie Abeyagoonasekera 24 October 1994 Thotalanga, Colombo 52 [17][18]
Kallarawa massacre 25 May 1995 Kallarawa, Trincomalee District 42 [19]
Aranthalawa Massacre 2 July 1987 Aranthalawa, Ampara District 35 [20]
Assassination of C. V. Gunaratne 8 June 2000 Ratmalana, Colombo District 22 [21][22]
Air Lanka Flight 512 3 May 1986 Bandaranaike International Airport, Gampaha District 21 [23]
Havelock Road bombing/Assassination of Ranjan Wijeratne 2 March 1991 Havelock Road, Colombo 19 [24]
1998 Temple of the Tooth attack 25 January 1998 Temple of the Tooth, Kandy 17 [7][25][26]
Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi 21 May 1991 Sriperumbudur, Chennai, in Tamil Nadu, India 15 [27][28]
Assassination of Ranasinghe Premadasa 01 May 1993 Armour Street, Colombo 11 [29][30]
Kokilai massacre 1 December 1984 Kokilai, Mullaitivu District 11
Gomarankadawala massacre 23 April 2006 Gomarankadawala, Trincomalee District 6 [31]
2009 suicide air raid on Colombo 20 February 2009 Colombo, Colombo District 2 [32]

Attacks by decade

Below are the deadiest attacks for each decade.


Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
S. A. Emmanuel of Chankanai, Thaadi Thangarajah of Kondavil, A. Krishnagol of Velvettiturai, T. Poopalasingham of Chunnakam and A. Sivarajah of Thondamannar are executed by the LTTE for providing evidence against them to the police. Jaffna District 5 5 [33]
PC Gnanasambandan, PC Sivanesan, Inspector Guruswamy, S. Swarnarajah and his wife are executed by the LTTE. Jaffna District 5 5 [33]


Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
14 May Anuradhapura massacre: LTTE gunmen shoot dead 146 Sinhalese civilians and injure 85 others as they were praying at Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, a sacred Buddhist shrine in Anuradhapura. Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura District 146 146 [34]


Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
11 June 1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers: Over 600 unarmed police officers are shot dead by the LTTE in Police Stations across eastern Sri Lanka Eastern Province 600-774 600-774 [4][5][35]


Date Attack Location Sinhalese Tamils Muslims Death toll Sources
16 October 2006 Digampathana bombing: A suicide bomber in a truck kills 103 Sri Lanka Navy sailors on buses going or returning from leave at a transit point and wounds over 150 other sailors. Several civilians may also have died. Digampathana, North Central Province 103 103 [36]

Attacks by type

Suicide bombings



  1. Gunaratna, Rohan (2001-11-03). "Intelligence failures exposed by Tamil Tiger airport attack". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on 2007-03-03. Retrieved 2007-04-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Consular Information Sheet - Sri Lanka". Bureau of Consular Affairs. U.S. Department of State. 2007-04-11. Retrieved 2007-04-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Audrey Kurth Cronin, Huda Aden, Adam Frost, and Benjamin Jones (2004-02-06). "CRS Report for Congress, Foreign Terrorist Organizations" (PDF). Bureau of Consular Affairs. The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-04-27. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Recalling the saddest day in Lankan Police history". Lanka Newspapers. Lanka Newspapers. 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Killing of 774 policemen". Rivira. Rivira. 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Xinhua, 147 Muslims Massacred by Tamil "Tigers" in Sri Lanka, Colombo, August 4, 1990
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Timeline of the Tamil conflict". BBC News. 2000-09-04. Retrieved 2007-05-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "bbc1" defined multiple times with different content
  8. 8.0 8.1 Letter sent by the Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the Centre for Human Rights, Government of Sri Lanka, 9 August 1994
  9. LTTE Terrorist Attacks Selected Chronology (since 1987)
  10. "1987: THE BUBBLE BURSTS, Chapter 6". UTHR(J). Retrieved 2001-01-01. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Luthra, Dumeetha (2006-10-16). "Analysis: Sri Lanka military setbacks". BBC. Retrieved 2006-11-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Military 'killed Lanka aid staff'". BBC News. August 30, 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Tamil Arrested in Sri Lanka Train Bombing". The New York Times. 1996-09-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "LTTE genocide at Kent and Dollar Farms" (PDF). Daily News. 29 May 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Criminal Occurrence description at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 21 April 2012.
  16. Kamalendra, Chris (19 September 1999). "Pre-dawn horror in Ampara: 54 killed as LTTE unleashed terror on villagers". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 21 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Latest Killing of a Sri Lanka Politician Fits a Familiar Pattern, The New York Times
  18. Gamini Dissanayake, the last of men, Ceylon Today
  19. Kamalendran, Chris (4 October 1998). "Lighting a candle in the storm". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 21 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "LTTE's gun culture continues". The Sunday Observer. 2007-06-03. Retrieved 2007-06-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Sri Lanka suicide bomber kills 22, The Guardian
  22. Disciplined and respected political culture soon, Daily News
  23. "1986: Bomb kills 21 in Sri Lanka". BBC. 3 May 1986. Retrieved 2008-04-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. The Assassination Of Ranjan Wijeratne, Colombo Telegraph
  25. "Religious ceremonies to commemorate the LTTE attack on Temple of tooth in Sri Lanka". Colombo Page. Sri Lanka. 25 January 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. Nubin, Walter (2003). Sri Lanka: Current Issues and Historical Background. New York: Nova Publishers. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-59033-573-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. Tamil Tiger 'regret' over Gandhi, BBC
  28. 1991: Bomb kills India's former leader Rajiv Gandhi, BBC
  29. Suicide Bomber Kills President of Sri Lanka
  30. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (aka Tamil Tigers) (Sri Lanka, separatists), Council on Foreign Relations
  31. Gunananda, A.T.M. (30 April 2006). "Gomarankadawala: "We need more security say villagers". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 21 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. Hodge, Amanda (2009-09-22). "Kamikaze raid shows the Tamil Tigers have not been tamed". The Australian. Retrieved 2009-02-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. 33.0 33.1 Pathak, Saroj (January 2005). War Or Peace in Sri Lanka. Popular Prakshan. ISBN 978-81-7991-199-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. "Timeline of the Tamil conflict". BBC News. 2000-09-04. Retrieved 2007-12-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. "Sri Lanka Human Rights Practices, 1995". US State Department. US State Department. March 1996, 2000. Check date values in: |date= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. USA Today: Fighter jets pound suspected rebel camp after suicide bombing kills 95 sailors, October 17, 2006