List of countries by Body Mass Index (BMI)

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This page serves as a partial list of countries by adult mean body weight and incidence of obese and overweight populations as calculated by body mass index.

The data for 2014 was first published by the World Health Organisation in 2015.

Methodology

Mean Body Mass Index (BMI) provides a simplified measure of the comparative weight of populations on a country by country basis. BMI calculates a person's mass (weight) divided by the square of their height. An individual with a BMI of 25 kg/m2 or more is considered overweight. An individual with a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or more is considered obese.

The data highlighted on this page comes from World Health Organisation statistics for adult (18 years old and older) populations. Mean BMI data is shown separately for males and females, as well as a combined figure. Mean data highlights the central tendency of the population data and is but one method of calculating relative body weight between populations.

Limitations on the usefulness of comparative BMI data

There are significant limitations to the usefulness of comparative BMI data cited by both the medical community and statisticians.[1] BMI data has significant weaknesses in terms of scalability and in accounting for variations in physical characteristics.

WHO Data on Mean BMI (2014)

Data published in 2015.[2]

Country Overall
rank
Overall mean
BMI (kg/m2)
Female
rank
Female mean
BMI (kg/m2)
Male
rank
Male mean
BMI (kg/m2)
 Nauru 1 32.5 4 32.8 1 32.1
 Cook Islands 2 32.3 5 32.6 1 32.1
 Niue 2 32.3 3 33.1 3 31.4
 Tonga 4 31.9 1 33.5 4 30.4
 Samoa 5 31.7 1 33.5 5 29.9
 Kuwait 6 30.0 8 30.8 6 29.5
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 7 29.7 7 30.9 14 28.4
 Kiribati 8 29.6 10 30.5 11 28.7
 Saint Lucia 8 29.6 11 30.2 9 28.9
 Micronesia 10 29.4 6 31.0 24 27.8
 Palau 10 29.4 21 29.5 7 29.4
 Tuvalu 12 29.3 16 29.9 11 28.7
 Egypt 13 29.2 9 30.7 28 27.6
 Marshall Islands 13 29.2 14 30.0 14 28.4
 Qatar 13 29.2 13 30.1 8 29.0
 United Arab Emirates 16 29.0 17 29.7 13 28.6
 Belize 17 28.9 11 30.2 34 27.5
 Jordan 17 28.9 17 29.7 17 28.2
 Bahamas 19 28.8 19 29.6 18 28.0
 United States of America 19 28.8 29 28.8 10 28.8
 Barbados 21 28.7 14 30.0 40 27.4
 Trinidad and Tobago 21 28.7 23 29.4 22 27.9
 Saudi Arabia 23 28.5 31 28.7 16 28.3
 Antigua and Barbuda 24 28.4 21 29.5 46 27.3
 Libya 24 28.4 19 29.6 48 27.2

WHO Data on Prevalence of Obesity (BMI ≥ 30kg/m2) (2014)

Data published in 2015.[3]

Country Overall
rank
Overall prevalence
of obesity
(%)
Female
rank
Female prevalence
of obesity
(%)
Male
rank
Male prevalence
of obesity
(%)
 Cook Islands 1 50.8 1 55.1 1 46.6
 Palau 2 47.6 2 52.2 2 43.1
 Nauru 3 45.6 3 51.6 4 39.7
 Samoa 4 43.4 4 51.3 8 36.0
 Tonga 5 43.3 5 50.1 7 36.4
 Niue 6 43.2 7 49.0 5 37.7
 Marshall Islands 7 42.8 8 48.9 6 36.9
 Qatar 8 42.3 6 49.7 3 40.0
 Kiribati 9 40.6 9 48.5 12 32.9
 Tuvalu 10 40.3 10 46.4 10 34.5
 Kuwait 11 39.7 11 45.9 9 35.5
 Micronesia 12 37.2 13 43.7 14 31.0
 United Arab Emirates 12 37.2 12 45.1 11 33.8
 Fiji 14 36.4 16 42.3 15 30.8
 Bahamas 15 36.2 15 42.5 18 29.7
 Vanuatu 16 35.4 17 41.5 19 29.4
 Bahrain 17 35.1 14 42.8 16 30.5
 Saudi Arabia 18 34.7 18 41.4 17 29.9
 United States of America 19 33.7 32 34.7 13 32.6
 Libya 20 33.1 19 39.5 26 26.6
 Lebanon 21 31.9 24 37.7 28 26.3
 Barbados 22 31.3 22 38.2 35 24.4
 Trinidad and Tobago 23 31.1 23 38.0 37 24.1
 Antigua and Barbuda 24 30.9 20 38.7 46 22.8
 Oman 24 30.9 24 37.7 23 27.2
 Jordan 26 30.5 21 38.6 49 22.7
 Andorra 27 29.5 51 30.5 20 28.5
 Turkey 27 29.5 29 35.8 45 22.9
 New Zealand 29 29.2 48 30.8 22 27.7
 Egypt 30 28.9 26 37.5 73 20.3
 Australia 31 28.6 60 28.8 21 28.4
 Mexico 33 28.1 38 33.1 46 22.8
 United Kingdom 33 28.1 57 29.2 24 26.9
 Canada 34 28.0 58 29.1 25 26.8
 France 65 23.9 87 24.0 39 23.8
 Italy 88 21.0 106 21.6 72 20.4
 Sweden 92 20.5 121 18.6 51 22.5
 Germany 94 20.1 122 18.5 58 21.9
 Brazil 98 20.0 98 22.7 94 17.3
 Japan 184 3.3 190 3.2 159 3.4

WHO Data on Prevalence of Overweight (BMI ≥ 25kg/m2) (2014)

Data published in 2015.[4]

Country Overall
rank
Overall prevalence
of overweight
(%)
Female
rank
Female prevalence
of overweight
(%)
Male
rank
Male prevalence
of overweight
(%)
 Cook Islands 1 81.0 1 82.7 1 79.4
 Palau 2 79.3 2 81.0 3 77.6
 Qatar 3 78.1 8 78.9 2 77.8
 Nauru 4 77.8 3 80.2 4 75.5
 Marshall Islands 5 75.8 6 78.9 7 72.7
 Kuwait 6 75.4 11 75.8 5 75.2
 Niue 7 74.9 9 78.4 10 71.4
 Tonga 8 74.8 5 79.6 12 69.9
 Samoa 9 74.3 4 80.0 16 69.1
 United Arab Emirates 10 74.0 11 75.8 6 73.1
 Tuvalu 11 73.2 10 76.8 14 69.6
 Kiribati 12 73.1 6 78.9 25 67.4
 Bahrain 13 71.7 15 74.0 11 70.2
 Fiji 14 78.2 13 74.7 23 67.8
 Saudi Arabia 15 69.6 17 71.9 22 68.0
 Bahamas 16 69.0 18 71.5 30 66.3
 Micronesia 17 68.9 14 74.5 47 63.7
 Lebanon 18 68.7 20 70.1 25 67.4
 Libya 18 68.7 19 70.9 29 66.5
 Vanuatu 20 67.9 16 73.4 56 62.6
 Oman 21 67.4 22 69.8 33 66.1
 United States of America 22 67.3 46 62.6 8 72.1
 Andorra 23 66.9 52 61.9 9 72.0
 Turkey 24 66.3 23 68.5 44 64.1
 Jordan 25 65.9 21 70.0 60 62.0
 Canada 26 64.4 57 59.8 17 69.0
 Mexico 26 64.4 32 65.6 52 63.1
 Australia 28 64.0 68 58.1 12 69.9
 New Zealand 28 64.0 59 59.7 18 68.5
 Malta 28 64.0 61 59.6 18 68.5
 United Kingdom 32 63.4 65 58.8 21 68.1
 Spain 47 60.9 81 55.7 31 66.2
 France 48 60.7 89 54.7 27 67.1
 Italy 63 63.4 94 53.7 43 64.3
 Sweden 88 55.9 115 48.8 52 63.1
 Germany 99 54.8 124 47.2 54 62.7
 Brazil 103 63.4 98 52.8 83 55.6
 Japan 167 24.2 190 19.7 134 29.0

References

  1. Olson, Samantha (9 February 2016). "BMI Is No Longer A Good Indication Of Healthy Weight; Here Are 6 Better Ways To Measure Your Health". Medical Daily.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Health Topics, Obesity". World Health Organisation. Retrieved 25 February 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Health Topics, Obesity". World Health Organisation. Retrieved 25 February 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Health Topics, Obesity". World Health Organisation. Retrieved 25 February 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>