List of cryptocurrencies
From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
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This is a list of cryptocurrencies. There were more than 669 cryptocurrencies available for trade in online markets as of 24 August 2015[update] and more than 740 in total but only 9 of them had market capitalizations over $10 million.
|Scrypt||POW||Created as an alternative to fiat currency in Iceland.|
|2009||Active||Bitcoin||BTC, XBT||Satoshi Nakamoto[nt 1]||SHA-256d||POW||First decentralized ledger currency.|
|2014||Active||BlackCoin||BC, BLK||Rat4 (pseudonym)||Scrypt||Proof-of-stake (POS)||BlackCoin secures its network through a process called minting.|
|2014||Inactive||Coinye||KOI, COYE||Scrypt||POW||Used American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after trademark lawsuit.|
|2014||Active||Dash||DASH||Evan Duffield &
|X11||POW & POS[nt 2]||Adds privacy to transactions through a decentralized coin-mixing system called Darksend.|
|2015||Active||Decred||DCR||Blake-256||POW & POS||Created by Bitcoin developers.|
|2013||Active||Dogecoin||DOGE, XDG||Jackson Palmer
& Billy Markus
|Scrypt||POW||Based on an internet meme.|
|2014||Active||DigitalNote||XDN||XDN-dev team, dNote||CryptoNight||POW||DigitalNote (XDN) is a new private cryptocurrency with an instant untraceable crypto messages and first blockchain banking implementation, use CryptoNote protocol.|
|2015||Active||Ethereum||ETH||Vitalik Buterin||Dagger Hashimoto||POW||Turing complete smart contracts.|
|2013||Active||Gridcoin||GRC||Scrypt||POW||First cryptocurrency linked to citizen science through the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing|
|2011||Active||Litecoin||LTC||Charles Lee||Scrypt||POW||First cryptocurrency to use Scrypt as a hashing algorithm.|
|2013||Active||Mastercoin||MSC||J. R. Willett ||SHA-256d||N/A||Mastercoin is both digital currency and communications protocol built on top of the existing bitcoin block chain.|
|2014||Active||MazaCoin||MZC||BTC Oyate Initiative||SHA-256d||POW||The underlying software for MazaCoin is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.|
|2014||Active||Monero||XMR||Monero Core Team||CryptoNight||POW||Monero (XMR) is a new privacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol.|
|2011||Active||Namecoin||NMC||Vincent Durham||SHA-256d||POW||Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.|
|SHA-256d||POS||Nxt is specifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol.|
|SHA-256d||POW & POS||First to use POW and POS functions.|
|2013||Active||Emercoin||EMC||EvgenijM86||SHA-256||POW & POS||Trusted storage for any small data: acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS, PKI store, SSL infrastructure and other.|
|2014||Active||PotCoin||POT||Scrypt||POW||Developed to service the legalized cannabis industry|
|1CC/2CC/TWN||POW||Primecoin uses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work, which can lead to useful byproducts.|
|2013||Active||Ripple||XRP||Chris Larsen &
|ECDSA||"Consensus"||Based on peer to peer debt transfer. The term Ripple can refer to both the digital currency or the payment network.|
|2014||Active||Titcoin||TIT||Edward Mansfield & Richard Allen||SHA-256d||POW||First cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.|
|Proposed to be developed as Moneta||Inactive||Zerocoin||Matthew Green, Ian Miers and Christina Garman||Proposed bitcoin extension to add true cryptographic anonymity|
- It is not known whether the name "Satoshi Nakamoto" is real or a pseudonym, or whether it represents one person or a group.
- Via Masternodes containing 1000 DRK as "Proof of Service". Through an automated voting mechanism, one Masternode is selected per block and receives 45% of mining rewards.
- "Map of Coins: Explore the visualized history of the cryptocurrencies from their whitepapers up to present days". Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". CoinMarketCap. 2016-02-28. Retrieved 2016-02-28.
- Casey, Michael J. (2014-03-05). "Auroracoin already third-biggest cryptocoin–and it's not even out yet". The Wall Street Journal.
- Dixon, Lance (24 December 2013). "Building Bitcoin use in South Florida and beyond". Miami Herald. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Spaven, Emily (3 December 2013). "Bitcoin price could reach $98,500, say Wall Street analysts". CoinDesk. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Taylor, Michael Bedford (2013). "Bitcoin and the age of bespoke silicon" (PDF). Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Compilers, Architectures and Synthesis for Embedded Systems. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press. ISBN 978-1-4799-1400-5. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Steadman, Ian (7 May 2013). "Wary of Bitcoin? A guide to some other crypto currencies". Wired UK. Condé Nast UK.
- Hobson, Dominic (2013). "What is Bitcoin?". XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students. 20 (1). Association for Computing Machinery. pp. 40–44. ISSN 1528-4972. doi:10.1145/2510124.
- Scharr, Jill (28 May 2014). "What is Dash? An FAQ". Tom's Guide.
- Chang, Jon M (27 December 2013). "Bitcoin alternative 'Dogecoin' hacked, 21 million coins stolen". ABC News (website). ABC News Internet Ventures, Yahoo! – ABC News Network. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- "Intro - Dogecoin # Technical specifications". Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- "[XDN] DigitalNote - private money and messages transfer, №1 blockchain bank".
- Out in the Open: Teenage Hacker Transforms Web Into One Giant Bitcoin Network
- Dagger Hashimoto
- Halford, Rob (2013-10-06). "GRIDCOIN – GRC (The environmentally conscious coin)". cryptocointalk.com. Retrieved 2014-11-14.
- Wagner, Andrew. "Putting the Blockchain to Work For Science!". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- Halford, Rob. "Gridcoin: Crypto-Currency using Berkeley Open Infrastructure Network Computing Grid as a Proof Of Work" (PDF). Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "GridCoin: Using the Blockchain for Good". CoinTelegraph. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- Buterin, Vitalik (4 November 2013). "Mastercoin: A Second-Generation Protocol on the Bitcoin Blockchain". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Mastercoin Spec". Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "[XMR] Monero - A secure, private, untraceable cryptocurrency".
- vinced/namecoin, GitHub
- Keller, Levin (2011-03-19). "Namecoin - a distributed name system based on Bitcoin". Prezi.
- BCNext (pseudonym). "Nxt Announcement Thread". Bitcointalk.org.
- "Genesis-Account". mynxt.info Blockexplorer. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- "NXT Whitepaper". NxtWiki - Whitepaper. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
- Boase, Richard (20 November 2013). "Litecoin spikes to $200m market capitalization in five hours". CoinDesk. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- Bradbury, Danny (7 November 2013). "Third largest crypto currency peercoin moves into spotlight with Vault of Satoshi deal". CoinDesk. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- EmerCoin — Innovative blockchain services! — Bitcoin Forum, thread started at December 08, 2013
- "FAQ · primecoin/primecoin Wiki · GitHub". Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- Chayka, Kyle (2 July 2013). "What Comes After Bitcoin?". Pacific Standard. Retrieved 18 Jan 2014.
- Vega, Danny (4 December 2013). "Ripple's Big Move: Mining Crypto currency with a Purpose". Seattlepi.com. Hearst Seattle Media, LLC, a division of The Hearst Corporation.
- Brown, Ariella (17 May 2013). "10 things you need to know about Ripple". CoinDesk. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- Simonite, Tom (11 April 2013). "Big-name investors back effort to build a better Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- "How it works - Ripple Wiki". Retrieved 20 January 2014.
- Mercier Voyer, Stephanie. "Titcoin Is a Brand New Cryptocurrency for Porn Purchases". Vice Magazine. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Titcoin Receives Two Web & Tech XBIZ Nominations". Payout Magazine. Retrieved 18 November 2014.