List of cryptocurrencies

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This is a list of cryptocurrencies. There were more than 669 cryptocurrencies available for trade in online markets as of 24 August 2015 and more than 740 in total[1] but only 9 of them had market capitalizations over $10 million.[2]

Release Active Currency Symbol Founder Hash algorithm Timestamping Notes
2014 Active Auroracoin AUR Baldur Odinsson
(pseudonym)[3]
Scrypt POW Created as an alternative to fiat currency in Iceland.
2009 Active Bitcoin BTC,[4][5] XBT Satoshi Nakamoto[nt 1] SHA-256d[6][7] POW[7][8] First decentralized ledger currency.
2014 Active BlackCoin BC, BLK Rat4 (pseudonym) Scrypt Proof-of-stake (POS) BlackCoin secures its network through a process called minting.
2014 Inactive Coinye KOI, COYE Scrypt POW Used American hip hop artist Kanye West as its mascot, abandoned after trademark lawsuit.
2014[9] Active Dash DASH Evan Duffield &
Kyle Hagan[10]
X11 POW & POS[nt 2] Adds privacy to transactions through a decentralized coin-mixing system called Darksend.
2015 Active Decred DCR Blake-256 POW & POS Created by Bitcoin developers.
2013 Active Dogecoin DOGE, XDG Jackson Palmer
& Billy Markus[11]
Scrypt[12] POW Based on an internet meme.
2014 Active DigitalNote XDN XDN-dev team, dNote[13] CryptoNight[14] POW DigitalNote (XDN) is a new private cryptocurrency with an instant untraceable crypto messages and first blockchain banking implementation, use CryptoNote protocol.
2015 Active Ethereum ETH Vitalik Buterin[15] Dagger Hashimoto[16] POW Turing complete smart contracts.
2013[17][18] Active Gridcoin GRC Scrypt POW First cryptocurrency linked to citizen science through the Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing[19][20]
2011 Active Litecoin LTC Charles Lee Scrypt POW First cryptocurrency to use Scrypt as a hashing algorithm.
2013 Active Mastercoin MSC J. R. Willett [21] SHA-256d[22] N/A Mastercoin is both digital currency and communications protocol built on top of the existing bitcoin block chain.
2014 Active MazaCoin MZC BTC Oyate Initiative SHA-256d POW The underlying software for MazaCoin is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin.
2014 Active Monero XMR Monero Core Team[23] CryptoNight[14] POW Monero (XMR) is a new privacy-centric coin using the CryptoNote protocol.
2011 Active Namecoin NMC Vincent Durham[24][25] SHA-256d POW Also acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS.
2013[26][27] Active Nxt NXT BCNext
(pseudonym)[26]
SHA-256d[28] POS Nxt is specifically designed as a flexible platform to build applications and financial services around its protocol.
2012[7] Active Peercoin PPC Sunny King
(pseudonym)[29]
SHA-256d[30] POW & POS First to use POW and POS functions.
2013[31] Active Emercoin EMC EvgenijM86 SHA-256 POW & POS Trusted storage for any small data: acts as an alternative, decentralized DNS, PKI store, SSL infrastructure and other.
2014 Active PotCoin POT Scrypt POW Developed to service the legalized cannabis industry
2013 Active Primecoin XPM Sunny King
(pseudonym)[29]
1CC/2CC/TWN[32] POW[32] Primecoin uses the finding of prime chains composed of Cunningham chains and bi-twin chains for proof-of-work, which can lead to useful byproducts.
2013 Active Ripple[33][34][35] XRP[35] Chris Larsen &
Jed McCaleb[36]
ECDSA[37] "Consensus" Based on peer to peer debt transfer. The term Ripple can refer to both the digital currency or the payment network.
2014 Active Titcoin TIT Edward Mansfield & Richard Allen[38] SHA-256d POW First cryptocurrency to be nominated for a major adult industry award.[39]
Proposed to be developed as Moneta Inactive Zerocoin Matthew Green, Ian Miers and Christina Garman Proposed bitcoin extension to add true cryptographic anonymity

Notes

  1. It is not known whether the name "Satoshi Nakamoto" is real or a pseudonym, or whether it represents one person or a group.
  2. Via Masternodes containing 1000 DRK as "Proof of Service". Through an automated voting mechanism, one Masternode is selected per block and receives 45% of mining rewards.

References

  1. "Map of Coins: Explore the visualized history of the cryptocurrencies from their whitepapers up to present days". Retrieved 2015-03-11. 
  2. "Crypto-Currency Market Capitalizations". CoinMarketCap. 2016-02-28. Retrieved 2016-02-28. 
  3. Casey, Michael J. (2014-03-05). "Auroracoin already third-biggest cryptocoin–and it's not even out yet". The Wall Street Journal. 
  4. Dixon, Lance (24 December 2013). "Building Bitcoin use in South Florida and beyond". Miami Herald. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  5. Spaven, Emily (3 December 2013). "Bitcoin price could reach $98,500, say Wall Street analysts". CoinDesk. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  6. Taylor, Michael Bedford (2013). "Bitcoin and the age of bespoke silicon" (PDF). Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Compilers, Architectures and Synthesis for Embedded Systems. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press. ISBN 978-1-4799-1400-5. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Steadman, Ian (7 May 2013). "Wary of Bitcoin? A guide to some other crypto currencies". Wired UK. Condé Nast UK. 
  8. Hobson, Dominic (2013). "What is Bitcoin?". XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students. 20 (1). Association for Computing Machinery. pp. 40–44. ISSN 1528-4972. doi:10.1145/2510124. 
  9. https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=421615.0
  10. Scharr, Jill (28 May 2014). "What is Dash? An FAQ". Tom's Guide. 
  11. Chang, Jon M (27 December 2013). "Bitcoin alternative 'Dogecoin' hacked, 21 million coins stolen". ABC News (website). ABC News Internet Ventures, Yahoo! – ABC News Network. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  12. "Intro - Dogecoin # Technical specifications". Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  13. "[XDN] DigitalNote - private money and messages transfer, №1 blockchain bank". 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "CryptoNight". 
  15. Out in the Open: Teenage Hacker Transforms Web Into One Giant Bitcoin Network
  16. Dagger Hashimoto
  17. Halford, Rob (2013-10-06). "GRIDCOIN – GRC (The environmentally conscious coin)". cryptocointalk.com. Retrieved 2014-11-14. 
  18. Wagner, Andrew. "Putting the Blockchain to Work For Science!". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  19. Halford, Rob. "Gridcoin: Crypto-Currency using Berkeley Open Infrastructure Network Computing Grid as a Proof Of Work" (PDF). Retrieved 11 April 2016. 
  20. "GridCoin: Using the Blockchain for Good". CoinTelegraph. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  21. Buterin, Vitalik (4 November 2013). "Mastercoin: A Second-Generation Protocol on the Bitcoin Blockchain". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  22. "Mastercoin Spec". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  23. "[XMR] Monero - A secure, private, untraceable cryptocurrency". 
  24. vinced/namecoin, GitHub
  25. Keller, Levin (2011-03-19). "Namecoin - a distributed name system based on Bitcoin". Prezi. 
  26. 26.0 26.1 BCNext (pseudonym). "Nxt Announcement Thread". Bitcointalk.org. 
  27. "Genesis-Account". mynxt.info Blockexplorer. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  28. "NXT Whitepaper". NxtWiki - Whitepaper. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  29. 29.0 29.1 Boase, Richard (20 November 2013). "Litecoin spikes to $200m market capitalization in five hours". CoinDesk. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  30. Bradbury, Danny (7 November 2013). "Third largest crypto currency peercoin moves into spotlight with Vault of Satoshi deal". CoinDesk. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  31. EmerCoin — Innovative blockchain services!Bitcoin Forum, thread started at December 08, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 "FAQ · primecoin/primecoin Wiki · GitHub". Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  33. Chayka, Kyle (2 July 2013). "What Comes After Bitcoin?". Pacific Standard. Retrieved 18 Jan 2014. 
  34. Vega, Danny (4 December 2013). "Ripple's Big Move: Mining Crypto currency with a Purpose". Seattlepi.com. Hearst Seattle Media, LLC, a division of The Hearst Corporation. 
  35. 35.0 35.1 Brown, Ariella (17 May 2013). "10 things you need to know about Ripple". CoinDesk. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  36. Simonite, Tom (11 April 2013). "Big-name investors back effort to build a better Bitcoin". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  37. "How it works - Ripple Wiki". Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  38. Mercier Voyer, Stephanie. "Titcoin Is a Brand New Cryptocurrency for Porn Purchases". Vice Magazine. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  39. "Titcoin Receives Two Web & Tech XBIZ Nominations". Payout Magazine. Retrieved 18 November 2014.