List of desserts

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An assortment of desserts

A dessert is typically the sweet course that concludes a meal in the culture of many countries, including the western world. The course usually consists of sweet foods, but may include other items. The word "dessert" originated from the French word desservir "to clear the table" and the negative of the Latin word servire.[1]

There are a wide variety of desserts in western cultures, including cakes, cookies, biscuits, gelatins, pastries, ice creams, pies, puddings, and candies. Fruit is also commonly found in dessert courses because of its natural sweetness. Many different cultures have their own variations of similar desserts around the world, such as in Russia, where many breakfast foods such as blini, oladyi, and syrniki can be served with honey and jam to make them popular as desserts.

By type

Brand name desserts

Cakes

Main article: List of cakes

Cake is a form of bread or bread-like food. In its modern forms, it is typically a sweet baked dessert. In its oldest forms, cakes were normally fried breads or cheesecakes, and normally had a disk shape. Modern cake, especially layer cakes, normally contain a combination of flour, sugar, eggs, and butter or oil, with some varieties also requiring liquid (typically milk or water) and leavening agents (such as yeast or baking powder).

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Confectionery and candies

Main article: List of candies

Confectionery is related to the food items that are rich in sugar and often referred to as a confection. Candy is a confection made from a concentrated solution of sugar in water, to which flavorings and colorants may be added. Candies come in numerous colors and varieties and have a long history in popular culture.

Confectionery

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Cookies

Main article: List of cookies

In the United States and Canada a cookie is a small, flat, baked treat, usually containing flour, eggs, sugar, and either butter or cooking oil, and often including ingredients such as raisins, oats, or chocolate chips.

Custards

Custard is a variety of culinary preparations based on a cooked mixture of milk or cream and egg yolk. Depending on how much egg or thickener is used, custard may vary in consistency from a thin pouring sauce (crème anglaise) to a thick pastry cream (crème pâtissière) used to fill éclairs. Most common custards are used as desserts or dessert sauces and typically include sugar and vanilla. Custard bases may also be used for quiches and other savory foods. Sometimes flour, corn starch, or gelatin is added as in pastry cream or crème pâtissière.

Dessert sauces

Chocolate syrup on top of ice cream

Dessert sauces are used to add flavor and texture to desserts, and tend to be sweet.

Italian cuisine

Doughnuts

A doughnut, or donut, is a type of fried dough confectionery or dessert food. The doughnut is popular in many countries and prepared in various forms as a sweet snack that can be homemade or purchased in bakeries, supermarkets, food stalls, and franchised specialty outlets.

Frozen desserts

Frozen dessert is the generic name for desserts made by freezing liquids, semi-solids, and sometimes even solids.

Ice cream

Ice cream is a frozen dessert usually made from dairy products, such as milk and cream and often combined with fruits or other ingredients and flavors. Ice cream became popular throughout the world in the second half of the 20th century after cheap refrigeration became common.

Pastries

See also: Pastry chef

Pastry is the name given to various kinds of baked products made from ingredients such as flour, sugar, milk, butter, shortening, baking powder, and eggs.[2] Small tarts and other sweet baked products are called "pastries."

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An assortment of pastries and cakes in a pâtisserie

Pastries with poppy seeds

Pies

See also: Tarts (category)

A pie is a baked dish which is usually made of a pastry dough casing that covers or completely contains a filling of various sweet or savoury ingredients.

Sweet pies

Tarts

A tart is a baked dish consisting of a filling over a pastry base with an open top not covered with pastry. The pastry is usually shortcrust pastry; the filling may be sweet or savory, though modern tarts are usually fruit-based, sometimes with custard.

Puddings

Main article: List of puddings

Pudding is usually a dessert, but it can also be a savory dish. In the United Kingdom and most Commonwealth countries, pudding can be used to describe both sweet and savory dishes. However, unless qualified, the term in everyday usage typically denotes a dessert. In the United States and Canada, pudding characteristically denotes a sweet milk-based dessert similar in consistency to egg-based custards, instant custards or a mousse.

By country

See also: Desserts by country (category)

Algeria

Argentina

Australia

Bangladesh

Brazil

Canada

Chile

China

Czechoslovakia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Main: List of Greek dishes – Desserts and sweets
See also: Greek cuisine – Desserts and sweets

Hong Kong

Hungary

India

Indonesia

Italy

Cassatas are popular and traditional Sicilian desserts

.

See also: List of Italian dishes – Desserts and pastry and Sicilian cuisine – Desserts and sweets

Italian pastries

Japan

File:Hakuto peach jelly.jpg
Hakuto jelly is a seasonal Japanese dessert available in the summer.
See also: List of Japanese dishes – Japanese-style sweets and Japanese cuisine – Sweets

Korea

Luxembourg

Malaysia

Mexico

Netherlands

New Zealand

Pakistan

Philippines

Poland

Romania

Romanian pastries

Russia

Russian kartoshka (potato) cake

Scotland

Slovenia

Spain

Sri Lanka

Switzerland

Swiss pastries

Taiwan

A plate of Bàobīng with strawberries and condensed milk

Thailand

Turkey

Turkish pastries

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States

Uruguay

By region

Latin America

Latin America is a highly diverse area with cuisines that vary from nation to nation. Desserts in Latin American cuisine include dulce de leche, alfajor, rice pudding, tres leches cake, teja and flan.

Southern Africa

In Southern Africa, desserts may simply be fruit, but there are some western style puddings, such as the Angolan cocada amarela, which was inspired by Portuguese cuisine.

South Asia

South Asian sweets
Gulab jamun - Lavapies (Spain).JPG
Rasmalai Secretlondon 09.jpg
JalebiIndia.jpg
Gujhiya.jpg
Indian Sweets Vark.jpg
Khoya sweets with varaq
Bal mithai
Almond Khoa based burfi Mumbai India.jpg
Khoa and almond mithais
India - Varanasi pastry shop - 2542.jpg
Bengal sweets in India
Royal sweets - Slough.jpg
Collection in UK
Chikki assortment.jpg
Sohan Halwa at Ghantewala in Chandni Chowk, Delhi.jpg
Sohan sweets in India
Indian sweet shop.jpg
Street sweets in India
A sample of South Asian sweets
Main article: South Asian sweets

Bengal

By time period

Middle Ages

See also

References

  1. "Dessert". Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster Incorporated. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  2. "Pastry". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 

Further reading