List of donkey breeds

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This list of breeds of domestic donkey is based on country reports to the international DAD-IS database.[1]


Breed name
(native language in DAD-IS) /Other names
Country Notes Image
Abkhazskaya Russian Federation
Abyssinian Donkey Ethiopia
Algerian Algeria Used as a draught or meat animal. Chestnut or grey in colour.[2]
American Mammoth Jack USA Also called "Mammoth Jackstock" or "Mammoth donkey"; developed from a blend of Poitou, Andalusian, Majorcan, and Catalan breeds[3] Romulus and Remus 2013.jpg
Anatolian Turkey
Âne Africain Central African Republic, Chad
Provence donkey (Âne de Provence) France Provence Ane de provence SDA2010.JPG
Pyrenean donkey (Âne des Pyrénées) France Aquitaine, Midi Pyrénées, Languedoc Roussillon; also called Gascon; similar to Catalan but smaller[4] Ane des pyrenees SDA2010.JPG
Bourbonnais Donkey (Âne du Bourbonnais) France Anes bourbonnais SDA2010.JPG
Cotentin Donkey (Âne du Cotentin) France Ane cotentin lulu.jpg
Âne du Gourma Mali
Âne du Miankala Mali
Âne du plateau Dogon Mali
Âne du Sahel Mall
Âne du Yatenga Mali
Âne locale Madagascar
Norman donkey (Âne Normand) France Ane normand02 SDA2011.jpg
Berry Grey (Âne Petit Gris du Berry) France extinct
Ânes Togo
Âne wallon Belgium
Anger Iran
Armyanskaya Armenia
Asin Niger
Asinara donkey (Asino dell’Asinara) Italy critically endangered; indigenous to the Isola dell'Asinara, Sardinia Wild albino donkeys.jpg
Asino Argentato di Sologno Italy
Asino Baio Lucano Italy
Amiatina (Asino dell’Amiata) Italy Monte Amiata, province of Grosseto, Tuscany
Asino dell'Irpinia Italy extinct; provinces of Benevento and Avellino
Castel Morrone donkey (Asino di Castel Morrone) Italy probably extinct; around Castel Morrone in the Province of Caserta, Campania
Martina Franca donkey (Asino di Martina Franca) Italy Martina Franca and neighbouring areas in south-east Murgia, in the provinces of Bari, Taranto and Brindisi in Puglia Asino Martina Franca.jpg
Asino di Sant'Alberto Italy extinct; provinces of Forlì and Cesena
Asino Emiliano Italy extinct
Grigio Siciliano (Asino Grigio Siciliano) Italy Sicily
Pantesco (Asino Pantesco or Asino di Pantelleria) Italy from the island of Pantelleria, Sicily
Asino Pugliese Italy Puglia; regional variants include the Asino delle Marche, Asino della Basilicata and Asino Leccese
Ragusano donkey (Asino Ragusano) Italy from Ragusa in Sicily, and neighbouring areas
Romagnolo donkey (Asino Romagnolo) Italy from Emilia–Romagna
Sardinian donkey (Asino Sardo) Italy from Sardinia Asino Sardo.jpg
Asino Sardo Grigio Crociato Italy from Sardinia
Asnal Criolin' Cuba
Asno Chile
Asno Americana Cuba
Andalusian donkey (Asno Andaluz) Spain Alboxmonachilmotril 039.jpg
Asno Balear Spain Asetmallorquí.JPG
Asno Criollo Venezuela
Asno de las Encartaciones Spain Basque Country
Sperki breed[5] Pakistan
Australian Donkey Australia
Barockesel/Austrian-Hungarian white Donkey Austria
Azerbaidzhanskaya Azerbaijan
Poitou donkey (Baudet de Poitou), Poitevin France the Poitou Donkey breed was developed for the sole purpose of producing mules. It is a large donkey breed with a very long shaggy coat and no dorsal stripe Baudet du Poitou 1.JPG
Benderi Iran
Biyang China
Black Jordan
Bourik Haiti
Brasil Venezuela
Bulgaro Venezuela
Burro Mexico,
small donkey of Mexico and the USA seen in both domesticated and feral states; some feral burros in the western United States are protected by federal law[6] Wild Burros.jpg
Burro Criollo El Salvador
Dwarf donkey of Graciosa (Burro de Graciosa) Portugal Endangered, 90 left; also called Burro anão da Graciosa[7]
Miranda donkey (Burro do Miranda) Portugal Endangered status; also called Burro do Planalto Mirandes, Mirandes, Raça asinina de Miranda, or Transmontano[7] Burro de miranda.jpg
Burro Kentucky El Salvador, Honduras
Caninde Brazil
Cardao Brazil
Cariovilli Italy extinct; province of L'Aquila in Abruzzo
Catalan donkey (Catalana) Spain Donkey catalan.jpg
Chigetai Kazakhstan
China North China
Comune Albania
Creole Guyana
Criollo Peru
Cyprus donkey Cyprus
Dagestanskaya Russian Federation
Damascus Israel, Syrian Arab Republic
Dezhou China
Balkan donkey (Domaci balkanski magarac) Serbia, Montenegro MountainDonkey.jpg
Dongolawl Sudan
Donkey Afghanistan
Donkey Ireland
Donkey Saint Kitts and Nevis
Donkey Uganda
Egypt Baladi Egypt
Egyptian Egypt
English Donkey Australia
Etbai Sudan
Ezel Netherlands
Georgian Ass Georgia
Berry Black (Grand Noir du Berry) France former province of Berry; possibly derived from Catalan[8] Ane-grand-noir-du-berry SDA2014.JPG
Green Barbados
Grey Suriname
Viterbese (Grigio Viterbese) Italy province of Viterbo in Lazio[7][1]
Guangling China
Guanzhong China
Hamadan Iran, Russian Federation
Hassawi Egypt
Maltese donkey (Hmar Malti) Malta
Huaibei China
Indian India
Indian Wild Ass India
Iranian Iran
Iranian Onager Iran
Irish Donkey Australia
Istarski magarac Croatia Istria
Italian Serbia
Jack Norteamericano Venezuela
Jiami China
Jirnrna Ethiopia
Jinnan China
Kakhetinskaya Russian Federation
Karakaçan Turkey
Kara-Kalpakskaya Uzbekistan
Kashan Iran
Kassala Eritrea
Kazakhskaya Kazakhstan
Kulan (Khulan) Mongolia
Kiang Tibet, Kashmir, Nepal[9] Equus kiang holdereri02.jpg
Kirgizskaya Kyrgyzstan
Kulan Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan
Kulun China
Liangzhou China
Libyan Libya
Linxian China
Magyar parlagi szamár Hungary
Majorera Spain
Mannar Sri Lanka
Maryisltaya Turkmenistan
Masai Kenya, Tanzania
Masri Egypt
Merzifon Turkey
Meskhet-Dzhavakhetskaya Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan
Miniature USA see also Miniature Mediterranean Donkey Miniature Donkey, San Francisco Zoo.jpg
Miniature Mediterranean Donkey Italy Sardinia & Sicily[10] Miniature Mediterranean Donkeys.jpg
Moldavian Local Moldova
Moroccan Morocco
Mula Venezuela
Muscat Tanzania
National Genatic Yemen
Native of North Africa Mali, Mauritania, Senegal
Nordestina Brazil
Nubian wild ass Ethiopia
Ogaden Ethiopia
Paulista Brazil
Pega Brazil
Peruano Venezuela
Poitevin France see Poitou donkey or Baudet de Poitou
Ponui donkey New Zealand[11]
Primorsko dinarski magarac Croatia
Puttalam Buruwa Sri Lanka
Qinghai China
Qinqyang China
Qirmani Yemen
Qubressy Jordan
Riffawi Sudan
Romanian Ass Romania
Saidi Egypt
Sennar Ethiopia
Shanbei China
Sibbianl Yemen
Sjeverno jadranski magarac Croatia
Somali Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia, Yemen
Somali Wild Ass Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
South-west China
Spotted USA
Standard USA
Subei China
Sudanese Pack Sudan
Syrian Israel, Syrian Arab Republic
Syrian Wild Ass Syrian Arab Republic
Tadzhikskaya Tajikistan
Taihang China
Tibetan China, Nepal
Toposa Sudan
Tswana Botswana
Tunisian Tunisia
Turkmenskaya Turkmenistan
Uzbekskaya Uzbekistan
Xinjiang China
Yangyuan China
Yunnan China
Zamorano-Leonés Spain


  1. 1.0 1.1 Breeds from species: Ass. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed July 2014.
  2. Porter, Valerie (2002). Mason's World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties. New York: CABI. ISBN 9780851994307.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Breed Characteristics". American Mammoth Jackstock Registry. Retrieved June 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Âne des Pyrénées" (PDF) (in French). Haras Nationaux. Retrieved June 2011. Pyrenean donkey Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Kakar, Dr. Raziq. "DONKEY BREEDS OF NORTH-EASTERN BALOCHISTAN, PAKHTOONKHUA, AND SOUTHERN AFGHANISTAN". External link in |website= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Porter, Valerie (ed.); Ian Lauder Mason (2002). Mason's world dictionary of livestock breeds, types, and varieties (5th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 0-85199-430-X.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Waltraud Kugler, Hans-Peter Grunenfelder, Elli Broxham (2008). Donkey Breeds in Europe: Inventory, Description, Need for Action, Conservation; Report 2007/2008 (PDF). St. Gallen, Switzerland: Monitoring Institute for Rare Breeds and Seeds in Europe.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Bataille, Laetitia (2008). Races équines de France (in French). Paris: Éd. France agricole. ISBN 978-2-85557-154-6. Equine breeds of FranceCS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. IUCN map
  10. miniature donkey association
  11. Ponui Donkeys: A Rare Breed of New Zealand Origin. Rare Breeds Conservation Society of New Zealand. Accessed July 2014.