List of economic advisors to Donald Trump

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As part of Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign, various economists and businesspeople have served both in a formal and an informal capacity, to advise Trump on macroeconomics and associated government policy decisions. During the transition to the presidency, Trump gained additional advisors, and after the inauguration some of his advisors will officially become part of the Trump administration (including the NEC, NTC, advisors, czars, counselors, OMB, CEA, Treasury, Commerce, USTR, SBA, SEC, and the Fed) while others will remain in the private sector as informal advisors with varying degrees of influence.

Background

During his presidential campaign

Trump released initial details of his economic policies when his campaign officially began in June 2015, and more details during the first Republican debates which began in August 2015. Although critical of certain aspects of Trump's early economic plans, especially increasing tariffs as opposed to free trade policies,[1] Larry Kudlow and Steve Moore would eventually[when?] agree to join the Trump campaign as advisors. Although most presidential candidates had announced a team of formal economic advisors by October 2015, at the time Trump still primarily relied upon his business background to inform his economic plan (Carly Fiorina was the other candidate who relied primarily upon her own background in business in the early phases of the campaign).[2] In addition to his own business expertise, Trump had a network of contacts that sometimes served as informal economic advisors during his campaign, including Carl Icahn.[3] Even as late as July 2016, however, Kudlow and Moore were still not official advisors, despite having already helped craft some of Trump's policy-positions related to taxation for instance.[4]

During the general election

Trump released a list of his campaign's official economic advisers in August 2016,[5][6][7] which was significantly anti-establishment[8] and therefore included few people with any governmental experience,[9] yet at the same time aimed to include some of the elites of business and finance,[5] primarily people with well-known names.

Although most of the names were new, existing Trump advisers David Malpass, Peter Navarro, Stephen Moore, and Dan DiMicco were also on the list, formally led by Stephen Miller, the national policy director, and directly led by deputy policy director Dan Kowalski. The Trump'16 finance director Steven Mnuchin was also listed, and played a role in helping coordinate the group. Many of the names on the original list, or on the subsequent expansions thereof,[10] received media attention as potential appointees to the presidential Council of Economic Advisers, or in other Trump administration roles. As of August 2016, Trump's economic advisors included:

Several of the advisors were major donors to Trump's presidential campaign.[22]

At first, only one of Trump's initial list of a dozen official advisors, Peter Navarro, had a PhD in economics.[23] Although he had been in contact with Trump since 2011,[24] Navarro had never met nor spoken with Trump directly in August 2016,[25] but began to meet with Trump in person late in the 2016 campaign.[24] A few days after Navarro was announced, Trump added Judy Shelton, an economist[19][20] with a Ph.D[19] in business administration[21] to his team.

As the President-elect

As of December 2016, many of the advisors during the campaign listed above are under consideration for cabinet-level roles or other high-level roles in the Trump administration. (For instance, Navarro is a contender for the CEA chair, and Shelton is a contender for Fed Vice-Chair.)

Informal presidential advisors

In addition to his statutory advisory groups, Trump is also organizing efforts to directly communicate with business leaders.

Technology industry

Billionaire venture capitalist Peter Thiel originally backed fellow Californian and tech industry candidate Carly Fiorina, but implicitly endorsed Trump in May 2016,[26][27][28] then spoke at the Republican National Convention that July.[29][30] Thiel donated over a million dollars in October 2016.[31][32][33][34][35] A few days after the general election,[36] Thiel joined the executive committee of the Trump transition team,[37][38][39] although Thiel said he was not seeking a full-time Trump administration position.[40]

In addition to bringing some of his tech industry contacts to the Trump team,[41][42][43] Thiel, along with Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner and incoming White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus,[44] helped organize a technology-CEO meeting in December 2016 for Trump and Pence, as well as a handful of appointees and transition team members.[45][46][47]

Attendee Net worth[48] Position and company Market cap[49] Trump administration
Jeff Bezos $66,400 million CEO of Amazon and Blue Origin $372 billion private sector
Larry Page $39,500 million CEO of Alphabet (Google parent) $560 billion private sector
Eric Schmidt $11,500 million Chairman of Alphabet (Google parent) $560 billion private sector
Donald Trump $3,700 million Owner of The Trump Organization $100 billion President
Wilbur Ross $2,900 million Former co-CEO at Invesco $12 billion[50] Commerce
Peter Thiel $2,700 million Chairman of Palantir $20 billion (private) transition team
Alex Karp $1,600 million CEO of Palantir $20 billion (private) private sector
Sheryl Sandberg $1,270 million COO of Facebook $354 billion private sector
Tim Cook $785 million CEO of Apple Computer $624 billion private sector
Safra Catz $525 million CEO of Oracle Corp $169 billion private sector
Gary Cohn $266 million Former president of Goldman Sachs $93 billion[51] Director N.E.C.
Jared Kushner $200 million Owner of Kushner Companies unspecified transition team
Ivanka Trump $150 million Co-heir of The Trump Organization (see Donald Trump) transition team
Donald Trump, Jr. $150 million Co-heir & EVP of The Trump Organization (see Donald Trump) transition team
Eric Trump $150 million Co-heir & EVP of The Trump Organization (see Donald Trump) transition team
Satya Nadella $84 million CEO of Microsoft $494 billion private sector
Brad Smith $58 million President of Microsoft $494 billion private sector
Ginni Rometty $45 million CEO of IBM $163 billion private sector
Chuck Robbins $13 million CEO of Cisco $155 billion private sector
Brian Krzanich $12 million CEO of Intel $177 billion private sector
Steve Bannon $10 million Former chairman of Breitbart unspecified Strategist
Mike Pence unknown Former Governor of Indiana (n/a) Vice-President
Reince Priebus unknown Former RNC chairman (n/a) Chief of Staff
Stephen Miller unknown Former comms. dir. for Jeff Sessions (n/a) Sr. Advisor

Airbnb was also invited to attend the tech-CEO meeting, but their CEO was traveling internationally that week.

The details of the December 2016 meeting were not made public, but according to anonymous sources, reforming the H1B visa program was discussed.[52]

Of the above, Stephen Bannon resigned on 18 August 2017; Reince Prebus was fired on 11 March 2017.

Business-oriented strategy and policy group

In addition to the tech-industry group, there is also a more general business advisory group being formed.[53] Billionaire Stephen Schwarzman of Blackstone organized the business advisory group, which also includes:[54]

It is unclear whether Trump or his transition team have personally met with this advisory group, but media reports indicate that some of the members were considered for cabinet-level positions in his administration (including Dimon as a potential treasury secretary, Cosgrove as potential secretary of veterans affairs, Warsh for a potential Federal Reserve role).

Agricultural industry

During his campaign, Trump had several dozen agricultural advisors.[citation needed]

As President

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