List of flags of Vietnam

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The following is a list of flags of Vietnam :

National flag

For more information, see Flag of Vietnam.
Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Vietnam.svg July 2, 1976 – present State flag and civil ensign. A large yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).

Royal standards

For more information, see List of monarchical flags of Vietnam.
Flag Duration Use Name/Description
Red flag.svg 1778 – 1793 Flag of Tây Sơn Dynasty (Thái Đức) Red field with yellow border.
Tay Son Dynasty Flag.svg 1788 – 1802 Flag of emperors Quang Trung and Quang Toản Quang Trung Đế kỳ[1][2] (光中帝旗) or Quang Trung Emperor Standard. Influences: link=First flag of Tây Sơn Dynasty
Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg 1802 – 1885 Flag of emperors Gia Long and Tự Đức. This was originally the personal banner of Emperor Gia Long (r. 1802–1820). It was used as a national flag beginning in 1863. The Long tinh kỳ or Dragon Star Flag.[1] Influences: Yellow is the color of an emperor. ["Emperor" is hoàng đế (). Hoàng () is Sino-Vietnamese for "yellow".] The color red is connected to "south".
Flag of Central Vietnam (1885-1890).svg 1885 – 1890 Flag of emperor Đồng Khánh Đại Nam Kỳ[1] (National Flag of the Great South). Đại Nam (, great south) was the official name of Vietnam at this time. "大" is rotated 90 degrees counterclockwise, while "南" is rotated 90 degree clockwise.
Standard of the Nguyen Dynasty (1890 - 1920).svg 1890 – 1920 Flag of emperors Thành Thái, Duy Tân and Khải Định Dragon Star Flag.[3] Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg 1920 – 1945 Flag of emperors Khải Định and Bảo Đại A yellow field with a single red stripe. Referred to as the Long tinh or Dragon Star Flag.[1] Influences: Standard of the Nguyen Dynasty (1890 - 1920).svg
Second flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg May 8 – August 30, 1945 Flag of emperor Bảo Đại A yellow field with a single red stripe. Referred to as the Long tinh or Dragon Spirit Emperor Flag.[1] Influences: First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg

Personal standards of kings

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
Tay Son Dynasty Flag.svg 1788 – 1802 Standards of emperor Quang Trung Quang Trung Đế kỳ[1][2] (光中帝旗) or Quang Trung Emperor Standard. Influences: link=First flag of Tây Sơn Dynasty
Personal Flag of Emperor Minh Mang.svg 1821 – 1922 Standard of emperor Minh Mạng Yellow field with gold border. Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
100px 1922 – 1945 Personal standard of emperors Khải Định and Bảo Đại Flag ratio : 2:3. Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
100px 1802 – 1945 Imperial pennon of Nguyen Dynasty Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
100px 1802 – 1945 Imperial pennon of Nguyen Dynasty Flag ratio : 1:2. Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
Personal standard of State Chief Bao Dai.png 1948 – 1955 Personal standard of State Chief Bảo Đại Flag ratio : 2:3. Influences: 30px

Presidential standards

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
100px 1955 – 1963 Presidential Standard of the First Vietnamese Republic Tiết trực tâm hư[4] (2:3).

Political flags

For more information, see List of political flags in Vietnam.

Military flags

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the People's Army of Vietnam.svg 1955–present Flag of Vietnam People's Army A yellow star centered on a red field, and yellow words "Quyết thắng" (determined to win) in the upper left (2:3).
Vietnam Border Defense Force flag.svg 1958–present Flag of Vietnam Border Defense Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
100px 1958–present Flag of Vietnam Information and Communications Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
100px 1959–present Flag of the Vietnam People's Air Force A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
Ensign of Vietnam People's Navy.svg 2014–present Ensign of the Vietnam People's Navy A white flag with emblem of Vietnam People's Navy in its upper canton with a blue strip below (2:3).[5] Influences: USSR, Flag commander 1950 staff.svg
Flag of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces.svg 1955 - 1975 War flag Yellow flag with three stripes, and the emblem of (gold eagle) in the middle (3:4). Influences: Flag of South Vietnam.svg
100px 1955 - 1975 Flag of the Republic of Vietnam Military Forces Flag ratio : 3:4.
Flag of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam.svg 1955 - 1975 Flag of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam Flag ratio : 3:4.
100px 1952 - 1975 Service flag of the Republic of Vietnam Navy Flag ratio : 2:3.
100px 1955 - 1975 Flag of the Republic of Vietnam Air Force Flag ratio : 2:3.
Flag of South Vietnam Marine Division.svg 1968 - 1975 Flag of Republic of Vietnam Marine Division Flag ratio : 2:3.
RVN National Police Flag.svg 1955 - 1975 Flag of Republic of Vietnam National Police[6] Flag ratio : 2:3.

Ensigns

For more information, see List of ensigns of Vietnam.
Flag Date Use Description
Ensign of the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-85).png 1802 - 1885 Ensign[7] of the Nguyễn Dynasty Flag ratio is 3:5. Influences: Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
100px 1923 - 1945,
1945 - 1949
Civil and Naval Ensign of French Indochina A vertical tricolour of blue, white and red on swallow tail yellow ensign. (proportions 1:2). Influences: Flag of Colonial Annam.svgFlag of French Governor in French Colony.svg
100px 1868 - 1945 Naval Ensign of Cochinchina Influences: Flag of French Cochinchina.png30px
Naval Ensign of South Vietnam.png 1952 - 1975 Naval Ensign of the State of Vietnam and Republic of Vietnam Yellow field with three red stripes and an anchor in the middle (2:3). Influences: Flag of South Vietnam.svg
100px 1956 - 1975 Flag of Saint Tran Flag ratio is 2:2.

Flags of Vietnamese subjects

For more information, see Flags of the subjects of Vietnam.

Provinces

Areas with special status

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
Flag of French Cochinchina.png 1868–1945 Flag of French Cochinchina[8] A yellow field with black border. Cochinchina is a precursor of South Vietnam. Influences : Early Nguyen Dynasty Flag.svg
Flag of Republic of Cochinchina.svg 1946–1948 Flag of the Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina A yellow field with two white strips and three blue strips. Influences : Flag of French Cochinchina.png
100px 1888–1889 Flag of the Kingdom of Sedang[9] A white cross centered on a blue field.
100px 1944–1953 Flag of the Tai Dón people[10][11] A large red square centered on a yellow field (2:3).
100px 1946–1950 Flag of the Montagnard country of South Indochina Influences : Flag of France.svg
100px 1946–1950 Flag of Tai Autonomous Territory Influences : Flag of France.svg
Flag of Tay Dam.png 1950–1955 Flag of Sip Song Chau Tai[12] A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red : One white stripe is between two blue stripes, a red star with 16 rays is in white field. Influences : 25px
100px 1947–1954 Flag of the Tay people Flag ratio : 2:3.
100px 1947–1954 Flag of the Muong people[10] A large white pentagram centered on a green field (2:3). Influences : Flag of Morocco.svg
100px  ? - 1975 Flag of Khmer Mountain Tribes A green field with a white star what has 16 rays charged in the left.
100px 1964 - 1965 Flag of Republic of Central Highlands and Champa Influences : Flag of FULRO.svg Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg
Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg 1965 Flag of Republic of Champa Flag ratio : 2:3.
100px  ? - ? Flag of Lahu Flag ratio : 3:5.
FNL Flag.svg 1969–1976 Flag of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam. A yellow star on a red and blue background. Influences: Flag of Vietnam.svg
Flag of KKF.svg 1985 - ? Flag of Khmer Krom Rectangular tricolour with three equal-size horizontal bands : the upper one is blue, the middle yellow, and the lower red (3:5). Influences : 25px

Historical flags

Flag Duration Use Name/Description
British East India Company flag.svg 1702 – 1705 Flag of Poulo Condor[13] Prior to the Acts of Union which created the Kingdom of Great Britain, the flag contained the St George's Cross in the canton representing the Kingdom of England. Influences : link=Flag of England
Red flag.svg 1771 – 1778 Flag of Tây Sơn uprising Red field with yellow border.
Flag of France.svg 1887 – 1923 Flag of French colonial empire A vertical tricolour of blue, white, and red.
 ? 1917 Flag of Empire of Daihung[14] Five red round-stars centered on a yellow field.
Flag of Colonial Annam.svg 1923 – March 9, 1945
September 23, 1945 – 1953
The "protectorate flag" of French Indochina French flag canton on a yellow field. Influences: Flag of France.svg First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg
100px 1930 - 1931 Flag of the Red Guards (Nghe-Tinh Revolt) Flag ratio : 2:3. Influences : link=Flag of Communist Party of Vietnam
100px 1936 - 1945 Flag of the Enlightenment Union[15] Flag ratio : 2:3.
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg March 9 – August 14, 1945 Flag of Empire of Japan and the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere Flag ratio : 7:10. Disc is shifted 1% towards the hoist (left).
First flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg March 11 – May 8, 1945 Flag of the Empire of Vietnam (Japanese puppet state) A yellow field with a single red stripe.
Flag of the Empire of Vietnam (1945).svg May 8 – August 30, 1945 Flag of the Empire of Vietnam A yellow field with three red stripes. The stripes represent the Quẻ Ly, or Li trigram. Influences : 15px
Flag of Binh Xuyen Army.svg 1945 - 1960 Flag of Bình Xuyên A dark red banner and a small blue banner inside, a small yellow star centered on a blue banner (2:3). Influences : Flag of North Vietnam (1945-1955).svg
Flag of South Vietnam.svg June 2, 1948 – April 30, 1975 Flag of the Provisional Central Government of Vietnam (1948-1949), the State of Vietnam (1949-1955) and South Vietnam (1955-1975), was designed by painter Lê Văn Đệ and adopted by Emperor Bảo Đại in 1948.[16] A yellow field with three red stripes. The stripes represent the Quẻ Càn,[1] or Qian trigram, also interpreted as representing the three regions of Vietnam (North, Central, and South). Influences: 15px, Second flag of the Nguyen Dynasty.svg
100px 1949 - 1955 Flag of Vietnamese National Army Yellow flag with three stripes, and the name of State of Vietnam (3:4). Influences : Flag of South Vietnam.svg
Flag of North Vietnam (1945-1955).svg September 2, 1945 – February 18, 1947
October 10, 1954 – November 30, 1955
Flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in Northern Vietnam A red field with a large yellow star.
Flag of Vietnam.svg November 30, 1955 – present Flag of Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1955-1976) and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1976–present) A red field with a large yellow star. Influences : link=Flag of Democratic Republic of Vietnam link=Flag of Soviet Union
Flag of Vietnamese Revolutionary Army.svg 1929 - 1946 Flag of Vietnamese Revolutionary Army, used at Yen Bai mutiny[17] Two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom). Influences : link=Flag of Vietnamese Nationalist Party
100px 1955 – 2014 Flag of Vietnam People's Navy A yellow star centered on a red field (2:3).
100px 1961 – 1963 Flag of Vietnamese Republican Youth Movement (Thanh Nữ Cộng Hòa) Flag ratio is 2:3.
 ? 1961 - 1976 Flag of Liberation Army of South Vietnam[18] A variant of flag of Vietnam People's Army. Influences : link=Flag of National Liberation Front for South Vietnam link=Flag of Vietnam People's Army
100px 1965 - 1970 Flag of 4-T Union[19] A large green four-leaf clover centered on a white field.
100px 1968 - 1973 Flag of National Progressive Movement[20] Two horizontal red stripes enveloping a horizontal yellow stripe. The red arrow in the middle of the yellow stripe. Influences : link=Flag of New Greater Viet Party

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Picking up old royal standards in Vietnamhttp://www.kyvatlichsucand.vn
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tái hiện lễ đăng quang của vua Quang Trung tại Festival Huế
  3. Elephant tiger fight spectacle in Annamese circus on Oct 1904
  4. Republic of Vietnam Presidential flag
  5. https://web.archive.org/web/20140117182845/http://danviet.vn/thoi-su/uy-nghiem-le-thuong-co-tren-tau-ngam-kilo-dau-tien-cua-viet-nam/2014011511363697p1c24.htm
  6. Đại nhạc hội Cảm Ơn Anh kỳ 5 Đại nhạc hội Cảm Ơn Anh kỳ 6 Đại nhạc hội Cảm Ơn Anh - Người Thương Binh VNCH kỳ 6 Lễ vinh danh Quân lực Việt Nam Cộng hòa Hội ái hữu CSQG Georgia - 2009 Hội ái hữu CSQG Georgia Hội CSQG San Diego 2010
  7. Marine drapeau pavillon Chine - Japon - Cochinchine - Corée litho 1858
  8. Cochin-China, Woven Silk Tobacco Premium Flag, 1910
  9. Stamps of Sedang
  10. 10.0 10.1 Symbols of Vietnam : New discoveries
  11. Flags in Vietnam
  12. Tay Dam - Vietnam
  13. Vietnam's flags
  14. Lá quốc kỳ Việt Nam đầu tiên đã tung bay ở Thái Nguyên năm 1917
  15. Phong trào Nhà Ánh Sáng của Tự Lực văn đoàn
  16. Chế độ Cộng sản Việt Nam (2013-06-04). "Tìm lại những lá cờ hoàng gia xưa ở Việt Nam". Kỷ vật lịch sử. Cuộc vận động Sưu tầm và Tuyên truyền Kỷ vật lịch sử Công an Nhân dân. Retrieved 2014-09-25. 
  17. 10 tháng 2 năm 2013 : 83 năm cuộc Khởi nghĩa Yên Bái bùng nổ
  18. Summary about the military flags in Vietnam
  19. Stamps of 4-T Union
  20. National Progressive Movement