List of lost settlements in Hertfordshire

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Where current settlements are listed they are not the same as the disappeared villages. For example Stevenage relocated to be closer to the Great North Road, abandoning the previous Stevenage.

Village[1] Parish or Hundred Coordinates
Aldwick Tring Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Alfledawich (Beauchamps) Layston with Buntingford Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Alswick Layston with Buntingford Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Aspenden II Aspenden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Lawrence Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Ayot St Peter Ayot St Peter Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Berkeden (Berkesdon Green) Aspenden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Betlow Tring Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Bordesden (Bozen Green) Braughing Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Boxbury Walkern Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Bricewold Hertford Hundred Unlocated
Brickendon Brickendon Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Broadfield Cottered Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Broadmead Tring Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Burston St Stephens Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Caldecote Caldecote Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Chaldean Much Hadham Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Chesfield Graveley Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Childwick St. Michaels, St. Albans Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Cockenach Barkway Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Cockhamsted Braughing Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Corney Bury Wyddial Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Digswell Digswell Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Flaunden Flaunden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Flexmere Kings Walden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Gilston Gilston Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Great Munden Great Munden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Gubblecote Tring Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Hainstone Odsey Hundred (? near Hinxworth) Unlocated
Hanstead St Stephens Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Hixham Furneux Pelham Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Hodenhoe Therfield Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Ichetone (Layston) Layston with Buntingford Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Kitts End South Mymms Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Lewarewich (Leverage) Much Hadham/Widford near Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Libury (Stutereshele) Little Munden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Mardley Welwyn Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Maydencroft (Furnival Dinsley) St Ippolyts Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Minsden Langley Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Miswell Tring Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Moor Green Ardeley Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Napsbury St. Peter Rural Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Nettleden II Nettleden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Newsells Barkway Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
North Mymms North Mymms Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Oxwich Broadwater Hundred near Codicote
Pendley Tring Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Plashes Standon Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Queenhoo Tewin Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Quickswood Clothall Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Rodenhanger Norton Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Sapeham Edwinstree Hundred Unlocated
Stagenhoe St Paul's Walden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Stanstead Abbots Stanstead Abbots Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Stevenage Stevenage Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Stivicesworde Hertford Hundred Unlocated
Stocks Aldbury Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Stonebury Little Hormead Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Temple Dinsley Preston Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Thorley Thorley Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Throcking Throcking Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Thundridge Thundridge Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Tiscott Tring Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Titburst (Theobald Street) Aldenham
Wakeley Westmill Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Wandon St Paul's Walden Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Wellbury Offley Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Welei (Wain Wood) Hitchin Half-Hundred (in Ippollitts) Unlocated
Wickham Bishops Stortford Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Windridge St. Michaels, St. Albans Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Wollenwick (Woolwicks) Stevenage Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.

Reasons for desertion

  • Climatic change - several calamitous harvests from 1272 on, the end of the Medieval Warm Period followed by a persistently wetter and cooler climate from 1300, and disastrous years in 1317-9. Great variability in the weather, notably the seven day storm of January 1362.
  • Agrarian blight - land that had previously been the most fertile (especially toward the north-east of the county) had been overfarmed. The rise of grain prices following climatic change led to a preference for arable farming over stock. Stock levels also fell due to murrain. The consequent lack of manure from stock let to the land's fertility declining. See Great Famine of 1315-1317 and the List of famines.
  • Black Death (1348-9)
  • Migration - village relocates to be nearer major road in order to exploit passing trade, as Stevenage did in regard to the Great North Road. The new location positioned it to be an obvious choice for the core of one of the country's first new towns.
  • Pasture - the switch to pasture, exemplified by the enclosures, required less manpower, leading to the decline of village life.
  • Landscaping - village destroyed or relocated to create parkland for a noble's house. Pendley, destroyed soon after 1440 for Sir Robert Whittingham. Kitts End was incorporated in the Byng (Viscount Torrington) family's Wrotham Park estate in the 19th century having dwindled after the construction of a new Barnet - Ridge Hill road in 1826.
  • Urban growth - the growth of Baldock, Buntingford, Royston, St Albans and others with markets or monastic premises seems to have sucked the life from several villages nearby.

References

  1. The Deserted Medieval Villages Of Hertfordshire 2nd Ed 1982- K. Rutherford Davis ISBN 0-901354-23-6

External links