List of monuments and memorials of the Confederate States of America

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File:Confederate statue, Statesboro, GA, US.jpg
A typical statue (Statesboro, Georgia)

This is a list of Confederate monuments and memorials dedicated to the memory of those who served and died in service to the Confederate States during the American Civil War.

Many Confederate monuments were erected in the former Confederate states and border states in the decades following the Civil War, in many instances by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Ladies Memorial Associations, and other memorial organizations.[1][2][3][4][5] Other Confederate monuments are located on Civil War battlefields.[1]

New Confederate monuments continue to be proposed, and some have been built in recent years. In Arizona, a Sons of Confederate Veterans camp erected a Confederate monument in Phoenix in 1999[6] and Confederate heritage groups dedicated a Confederate memorial in Sierra Vista in 2010.[7] The Delaware Confederate Monument was unveiled in 2007 in Georgetown, Delaware.[8] In South Carolina in 2010, the Sons of Confederate Veterans have sought to erect a monument to mark the 150th anniversary of the passage of the Ordinance of Secession in December 1860, but the cities of Charleston and North Charleston have refused them permission.[9][10]

Many Confederate monuments are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11] " Confederate monuments are listed here alphabetically by state, and by city within each state:

Alabama

Montgomery

Arizona

  • Arizona Confederate Veterans Monument in Greenwood Memory Lawn Cemetery in Phoenix, erected in 1999 by the Sons of Confederate Veterans[6]
  • Arizona Confederate Veterans Monument in Wesley Bolen Park, next to the Arizona State Capitol in Phoenix, erected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy[6]
  • Confederate Memorial in the Historical Soldiers Memorial Cemetery area of the Southern Arizona Veterans' Cemetery in Sierra Vista. The monument was erected in 2010 to honor the twenty-one soldiers interred in that cemetery who served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War and later fought in Indian wars in Arizona as members of the U.S. Army.[7]

Arkansas

Individual monuments and memorials

Robert E. Lee Monument in Marianna, the county seat of Lee County
  • Bayou Meto Hornets, Jacksonville
  • Captain Richard Tunball Banks Monument, New Edinburg
  • Children of the Confederacy, Little Rock
  • Confederate Bench, Little Rock
  • Confederate Headquarters, Little Rock
  • Confederate Last Stand, Little Rock
  • Confederate Mothers Memorial, Russellville
  • David O. Dodd Execution Site, Little Rock
  • David O. Dodd Memorial, Little Rock
  • David O. Dodd Memorial, Pine Bluff
  • General John Porter McCown Monument, Magnolia
  • General Robert E. Lee Monument, Marianna
  • General Thomas J. Churchill Memorial, Little Rock
  • General William Read Scurry Memorial, Little Rock
  • Jefferson Davis Memorial, Fort Smith
  • John Sappington Marmaduke, Marmaduke
  • Monument to Confederate Women (or "Mother of the South"), Arkansas State Capitol grounds, Little Rock, Arkansas. Unveiled in 1913. Statue depicts a mother and daughter saying good-bye to their 16-year-old son and brother who is leaving to join his father in the fighting.[15]
  • Record Cave, Dover

Other

  • Confederate Masonic Memorial, Washington
  • Confederate State Capital, Bathhouse Row in Hot Springs
  • CSS Pontchartrain, Little Rock
  • Loss of the Sultana, Marion
  • Sinking of the Sultana, Marion

Delaware

  • Delaware Confederate Monument, Georgetown, Delaware, unveiled in 2007[8]

Florida

Olustee

Georgia

Photos

Illinois

Kentucky

Louisiana

  • Caddo Parish Confederate Monument, on grounds of the Caddo Parish Court House, Shreveport, Louisiana, dedicated in 1906 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy - see listing at National Register of Historic Places
  • Orleans Parish - Robert E. Lee monument and circle - erected in 1884. 60 ft. column with 12 ft. statue on an earthen mound.
  • Orleans Parish - P. G. T. Beauregard equestrian monument - erected in 1913
  • Orleans Parish - President Jefferson Davis - erected in 1911
  • Orleans Parish - Liberty Place monument - erected 1891 to the battle for the attempted overthrow of the Carpetbag government put in place by the Federal Government in 1872. The battle occurred in 1874. Removal began April 24, 2017.[38]
  • East Feliciana Parish - Confederate Soldiers Monument in Front of the East Feliciana Courthouse Clinton Louisiana[39]

Maryland

  • Memorial to Confederate Soldiers - Baltimore, Maryland. Mount Royal Avenue.
  • Memorial to Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson - Baltimore, Maryland. In the western side of The Dell, Charles Village, near the Baltimore Museum of Art.
  • Rockville [Confederate] Civil War Monument - Rockville, Maryland. The monument sits on the side of the courthouse in downtown Rockville. The statue faces south. The pedestal reads "To our heroes of Montgomery Co Maryland. That we through life may not forget to love the thin gray line." Date Installed or Dedicated: 01/01/1913[40]

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

North Carolina

Silent Sam in Chapel Hill

Ohio

File:Camp chase 2.jpg
Camp Chase, Columbus
  • Columbus, Camp Chase Cemetery Confederate Soldier Memorial

Pennsylvania

See the List of Confederate monuments at Gettysburg[46]

  • Gettysburg Battlefield is the site of several Confederate monuments erected between 1884 and 1982 to honor the dead of specific units or states[47]

South Carolina

Orangeburg

Tennessee

Texas

Virginia

  • Nearly all county courthouses in the Commonwealth have memorials to Virginian and Confederate dead, many of them vary similar in appearance. One exception is Accomack County, on the Eastern Shore, where the Confederate monument stands in Parksley, as opposed to the county seat of Accomac. The Confederate monument in Northampton County, the other of the two counties on Virginia's Eastern Shore, stands in front of the county courthouse at Eastville. Courthouses in Essex, Middlesex, Sussex, Caroline, Orange, Albermarle, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Lancaster, King George, Stafford, Prince George, King William, Prince William, Prince Edward, Cumberland, Charlotte, Louisa, Isle of Wight, York, New Kent, James City, Charles City, Northumberland, Westmoreland, Lee, Wise, Buckingham, Nottoway, Bedford, and many other Virginia counties feature Confederate monuments. In addition, many of Virginia's independent cities are home to Confederate monuments, including those in Richmond, Lynchburg, Roanoke, Portsmouth, Charlottesville, Culpeper, Alexandria, Norfolk, Suffolk, Lexington, Waynesboro, Staunton, and Winchester.
  • Confederate Memorial, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia; authorized in 1906 by United States Secretary of War William Howard Taft and unveiled in 1914[54]
  • Appomattox statue to the Confederate dead is at the intersection of Washington and Prince streets in Old Town Alexandria
  • Lynchburg has a Confederate Statue opposite Courthouse.
  • Mecklenburg County has a Confederate statue in front of the Courthouse.
  • Confederate Monument, Portsmouth, Virginia, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Portsmouth, Virginia
  • The Memorial Granite Pile, Confederate Section, Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia
  • Monument Avenue in Richmond features monuments of five Confederate leaders, in addition to African-American tennis player Arthur Ashe. His addition to the Confederate leaders was controversial.
  • Oakwood Cemetery in Richmond is the burial ground for enlisted men who died during Confederate service in the Richmond hospitals.

Photos

West Virginia

Brazil

File:Confedarado.jpg
In 1972, Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter visited the confederate monument in Americana, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • In 1865, at the end of the American Civil War, a substantial number of Southerners left the South; many moved to other parts of the United States, such as the American West, but a few left the country entirely. The most popular country of Southerners emigration was Brazil.[56] These emigrants were known as Confederados. A Confederate monument was placed in Americana, São Paulo, Brazil.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Civil War Monuments, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
  2. David N. Wiggins (2006), Georgia's Confederate Monuments and Cemeteries, Arcadia Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Confederate Monument in Forsyth Park, City of Savannah website, accessed April 24, 2010
  4. United Daughters of the Confederacy Alabama Division (ALUDC), Encyclopedia of Alabama
  5. Ladies' Memorial Associations and The Lost Cause, Encyclopedia of Virginia
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Gravemarking and Monuments, Colonel Sherod Hunter Camp 1525, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed April 26, 2010
  7. 7.0 7.1 Confederate Memorial dedicated, Sierra Vista Herald, April 17, 2010
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Hurrah! The Delaware Confederate Monument Has a Home at Last!". Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp #2608 website. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  9. http://www.heraldonline.com/2010/04/14/2088405/n-charleston-leaders-want-confederate.html
  10. http://www.southcarolinaradionetwork.com/2010/04/22/scv-secession-monument-at-no-chas-park-was-mayors-idea/
  11. Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  12. Alabama Confederate Monument, Conservation Solutions Inc., accessed April 24, 2010
  13. Ladies Memorial Association, Encyclopedia of Alabama
  14. http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=14711X9406B28.6423&profile=ariall&source=~!siartinventories&view=subscriptionsummary&uri=full=3100001~!441~!2&ri=2&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=Outdoor+Sculpture+--+Alabama+--+Montgomery&index=OBJEC&uindex=&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ri=2
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Registration Form: Civil War Commemorative Sculpture in Arkansas, 1886-1934, 1996.
  16. Widner, Ralph W., Confederate Monuments: Enduring Symbols of the South and the War Between the States, Andromeda Associates, Washington D.C., 1982 p. 32
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 Widner, p.32
  18. Widner, p.33
  19. https://www.floridastateparks.org/parks/judah-p-benjamin-confederate-memorial-gamble-plantation-historic-state-park
  20. http://www.floridadivisionudc.org/gamble-plantation.html
  21. http://www.flpublicarchaeology.org/civilwar/monuments/ellenton/confederate-monument
  22. http://www.artswfl.com/public-art-2/fort-myers-river-district-public-art-2/robert-e-lee-bust/robert-e-lee-bust
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 Widner, p.34
  24. http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=14S1X138436E2.6589&profile=ariall&source=~!siartinventories&view=subscriptionsummary&uri=full=3100001~!313445~!23&ri=4&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=Outdoor+Sculpture+--+Florida+--+Jacksonville&index=OBJEC&uindex=&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ri=4
  25. 25.0 25.1 Widner, p.35
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.3 Widner, p.36
  27. 27.0 27.1 Widner, p.37
  28. Widner, p.38
  29. http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=147122JY4223C.6622&profile=ariall&uri=link=3100006~!278357~!3100001~!3100002&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ri=7&source=~!siartinventories&term=J.+F.+Manning+Company%2C+fabricator.&index=AUTHOR
  30. NPS article
  31. Photograph, Photograph by Melinda Smith Mullikin, New Georgia Encyclopedia
  32. Downtown Confederate monument defaced with anti-white messages, The Augusta Chronicle, November 8, 2009
  33. Confederate Monument, St. James United Methodist Church
  34. Widner, Ralph W., Confederate Monuments: Enduring Symbols of the South and the War Between the States, Andromeda Associates, Washington D.C., 1982 p. 70
  35. Waycross website
  36. 36.0 36.1 Visitors Guide to the Confederate Prison Site & Confederate Memorials Alton, Illinois, Visitors Guide to the Middle Mississippi River Valley, accessed June 25, 2015
  37. https://web.archive.org/web/20160402021505/https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/national_cemeteries/illinois/Confederate_Mound_Oak_Woods_Cemetery.html
  38. [1] New Orleans Begins Removing Confederate Monuments, Under Police Guard
  39. https://www.loc.gov/item/2003668483/
  40. [2] Waymarking
  41. Erica Sherrill Owens, Group celebrates Confederate Memorial Day, Hattiesburg American, April 24, 2010
  42. https://www.apps.mdah.ms.gov/Public/prop.aspx?id=2767&view=facts&y=1176
  43. North Carolina Civil War Monuments: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources - Retrieved 2014-08-19
  44. http://docsouth.unc.edu/commland/monument/16/
  45. Downtown Salisbury Street Scenes - Confederate Monument, Rowan County, North Carolina, government website, accessed April 24, 2010
  46. List of monuments of the Gettysburg Battlefield#Confederate monuments
  47. Confederate Monuments at Gettysburg, StoneSentinels.com website, accessed April 24, 2010
  48. Seigler, Robert S., A Guide to Confederate Monuments in South carolina: Passing the Silent Cup, South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1997 p. 25
  49. "Cherokee County Confederate Monument". Historical Marker Project. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  50. Monument Guide: Confederate Soldiers, State Preservation Board Caretakers of the Texas Capitol website, accessed April 24, 2010
  51. Confederate Monument, DallasHistory.net website, accessed April 26, 2010
  52. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth34974/
  53. http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/08/texas-confederacy-rising-again-214159
  54. Visitor Information: Monuments and Memorials: Confederate Memorial, Arlington National Cemetery website, accessed April 24, 2010
  55. Biennial Report of the Department of Archives and History of the State of West Virginia,Charleston, 1911, pgs. 275-279.
  56. Herbert, Paul N (December 17, 2009). "Confederados forge new cultural identity". The Washington Times.