List of oldest buildings and structures in Halifax, Nova Scotia

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This is a list of oldest buildings and structures in Halifax, Canada that were constructed before 1920.

1750-1799

Place Address Coordinates Description Image Date
St. Paul's Anglican Church Grand Parade (Halifax) Oldest building in Halifax (1750); Early Palladian church; second and oldest surviving Protestant church in Canada St. Paul's Anglican Church 1750
Little Dutch (Deutsch) Church Brunswick Street, Halifax Second oldest building in Halifax – Oldest known surviving church in Canada associated with the German-Canadian community, 1756–60 Little Dutch (Deutsch) Church with tombstones in the foreground 1756
Sambro Island Light Sambro, Nova Scotia Oldest lighthouse in North America Sambro Island Light 1758
The Carleton Argyle Street, Halifax Apart from two churches, oldest building in HRM The Carleton 1760
Morris House (Halifax) Creighton St. Halifax oldest wooden home in HRM 80px 1764
Scott Manor House Fort Sackville Dr., Bedford Built on the land of Captain George Scott adjacent to Fort Sackville Scott Manor House 1770
Quaker Whaler House Ochterloney Street, Dartmouth Nantucket architecture 80px 1785
Privateer's Warehouse, Historic Properties Commercial grouping reflecting Halifax's 19th century development Historic Properties Halifax c. 1790
York Redoubt Major seaward defences of Halifax Harbour until World War II WWII observation posts on shoreline at York Redoubt 1793
Prince of Wales Tower Point Pleasant Park Oldest Martello Tower in North America Prince of Whales Tower 1796
Alex McLean House Hollis St., Halifax 1799

1800-1849

Place Address Coordinates Description Image Date
St. George's Anglican Church / Round Church Unique Palladian style round church, 1800–12
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1800
Halifax Town Clock
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Town clock at the Halifax Citadel 1803
Government House Excellent, early, Palladian style vice-regal residence Government House seen from the gates 1805
Royal Artillery Park Officers' Mess 1575 Queen Street Oldest active military mess in Canada 1816
Akins House [1]
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A one-and-a-half-storey wood-shingled house originally built for Thomas Beamish Akins, surviving virtually in its original condition; one of the few remaining early 19th-century houses in Halifax and one of the oldest houses in the city c.1815
Province House Oldest legislative seat in Canada and site of the country's first responsible government Province House 1819
Admiralty House [2]
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An austere two-storey stone mansion set within the Stadacona site of CFB Halifax which served as the home of Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Navy’s North American station from 1819 until 1904 Front facade of Admiralty House 1819
Black-Binney House [3]
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A house reflective of the Palladian-inspired residences common during the late 18th and early 19th centuries in Eastern Canada; notable residents include John Black, James Boyle Uniacke and Hibbert Binney c.1819
St. Mary's Basilica, Halifax Central role in the religious history of Nova Scotia. St. Mary's Basilica 1820–29
Henry House Common 19th century urban type in local ironstone; residence of Father of Confederation, William A. Henry Henry House 1834
Acacia Cottage Built in 1816 on Coburg road across from the Waegwoltic Club, within a grove of acacia trees (hence the name). It was later moved up the hill in 1950 (facing demolition) to South street where it now remains.[4][5] 1816

1850-1899

Place Address Coordinates Description Image Date
Halifax Citadel
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Restored British masonry fort, constructed between 1828 and 1856. Town clock at the Halifax Citadel 1856 (completed)
Halifax Court House Italianate court house. Front facade of the Halifax Court House 1858
Cast Iron Façade / Coomb's Old English Shoe Store [6]
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A mid-19th-century commercial building with a cast-iron facade; one of the first cast-iron-front structures in Canada and the only building in Halifax known to have a facade composed entirely of cast iron 1860
Fernwood [7]
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A house on a large landscaped property; a noted example of a Gothic Revival villa in Canada Fernwood 1860
Art Gallery of Nova Scotia Art Gallery 1869 (completed)
Fort Charlotte Fort Charlotte 1869 (completed)
Ladies' Seminary Represents the earliest phase of Women's higher education; 1878
Halifax City Hall Civic symbol on Grand Parade; Second Empire style Front facade of the Halifax City Hall 1887
Cambridge Military Library Sackville Street Cambridge Military Library 1886
Jonathan McCully House Italianate urban residence of politician and Father of Confederation, Jonathan McCully
King's College Site of Anglican college, 1789–1923
Khyber Centre for the Arts AKA The Khyber, and originally The Church of England Institute Building 1588 Barrington St Victorian-Gothic building designed by Henry Busch, as overseen by Bishop Hibbert Binning. Name "Khyber" began to be used in the 1970s after the Khyber Cafe that ran on the 1st floor. This building has been utilized for social activities since its construction when it housed a gym, library, lecture hall, and billiards. 1888
Fort McNab [8]
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The remnants of defensive works constructed to defend Halifax when it was one of the principal naval stations of the British Empire; reflective of significant changes in defence technology in the late 19th century Ruins of Fort McNab 1892 (completed)
Halifax Armoury Large, urban, Romanesque Revival drill hall for the active militia, 1895–99 Detail of the Cornwallis Street facade, Halifax Armoury 1899

1900-1929

Place Address Coordinates Description Image Date
Cathedral Church of All Saints 1330 Martello St, Halifax NS B3H 2Z1 (902) 423-6002 Largest Anglican Cathedral in Canada. Perpendicular NeoGothic Structure, Ralf Adams Cram Architect Cathedral Church All Saints.jpg 1910
Pier 21 Highly specialized building type related to early 20th-century Canadian immigration and post war immigration Front facade of Pier 21 1928
Hydrostone District North End, Halifax – Public housing in Garden Suburb style. Shops and streetscape in Halifax's Hydrostone district 1920s

See also

Part of a series on the
History of
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Halifax Town Clock.jpg

References

  1. Akins House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  2. Admiralty House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  3. Black-Binney House. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  4. "The Outside In of 6080 - Spacing Atlantic". Spacing Atlantic. Retrieved 2015-11-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Halifax Urban Greenway: Natural History Introduction". halifaxurbangreenway.org. Retrieved 2015-11-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Cast Iron Façade / Coomb's Old English Shoe Store. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  7. Fernwood. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  8. Fort McNab. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2 February 2013.