List of proposed missions to the Moon

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There are several future lunar missions scheduled or proposed by various nations or organisations.

Under development

Country Name Launch due Nature of mission
(Private) GLXP Astrobotic Technology 2016[1] landing and roving
(Private) GLXP Moon Express 2017[2] mining
(Private) GLXP SpaceIL 2017[3] landing and roving
 Russia Luna 25 2024[4][5] planning the creation of a lunar base
 China Chang'e 4 "Before 2020"[6] landing and roving
 India Chandrayaan-2 2017[7][8] landing, roving, sample analyzing
 China Chang'e 5 2017[9] sample return
 USA Lunar Flashlight 2018[10] searching for water ice deposits
 Russia Luna 27 2020[11][12] planning the creation of a lunar base
 USA ILN Node 1 2018[13] first node of a lunar network
 Japan SLIM[14] 2019[15] pinpoint landing, roving[16][17]
 China Chang'e 6 2020[18] sample return


Space probe missions

The following robotic space probe missions have been proposed:

Country Name Launch due
(Private) Google Lunar X Prize Some missions in 2015
 Japan SELENE-2[19] 2017[20]
 USA International Lunar Network[13] 2018[21]
 Russia Luna-Glob 2020 and 2021
 South Korea Moon orbiter and lander[22][23] 2020+
 North Korea Moon mission[24] Unknown
(Private) OpenLuna 2020+
 UK Lunar Mission One[25] 2024[26]

Manned missions

Country Name Proposed
launch date
Nature of proposed mission
(Private) DSE-Alpha 2018[27] Mission to transport the first space tourists to fly around the Moon using Soyuz; proposed by Space Adventures (2005).[28][29][30]
 Japan JAXA 2020[31] Manned moon landing; proposed by JAXA.[31]
 USA EM-2 2023[32] Manned test of Orion spacecraft in Lunar orbit
 Europe Aurora programme[33] 2024+ Manned moon landing; proposed by ESA.[34]
 Russia Luna-Glob 2028[35] Manned lunar orbiter; proposed by Roscosmos[35]
 China CLEP 2025-2030[36] Manned moon landing; proposed by CNSA.[37][38]
 Japan JAXA 2030[31] Completion of manned lunar base; proposed by JAXA[31]
 Russia Luna-Glob 2030[35] Manned lunar landing; proposed by Roscosmos[35]
 Russia Lunnyj Poligon 2037 Completion of robotic lunar base; proposed by Roscosmos

NB. Launch dates are aspirational and may change drastically as the planning and preparation progresses.

Cancelled or indefinitely postponed

Country Name Launch due
 Japan Lunar-A 2004 Integrated into Russia's Luna-Glob 1 mission[39]
 Germany LEO 2012 Mission postponed indefinitely due to budgetary constraints[40]
 UK MoonLITE[41][42] 2014
 USA Constellation program 2020 Mission cancelled by Congress[43]
 Europe Lunar Lander[44][45] 2018 Cancelled in 2012
 USA MoonRise[46] 2018 Not funded by NASA in 2011 funding competition

See also


  1. "Astrobotic Adds Another Google Lunar X Prize Team to Its Lander". 
  2. Hennigan, W.J. (2011-04-08). "MoonEx aims to scour moon for rare materials". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-04-10. MoonEx's machines are designed to look for materials that are scarce on Earth but found in everything from a Toyota Prius car battery to guidance systems on cruise missiles. ... The company is among several teams hoping to someday win the Google Lunar X Prize competition, a $30-million race to the Moon in which a privately-funded team must successfully place a robot on the Moon's surface and have it explore at least 1/3 of a mile. It also must transmit high definition video and images back to Earth before 2016. ... should be ready to land on the lunar surface by 2013 
  3. BBC, accessed 7 October 2015.
  4. "Should Russia participate in the new Moon race" (in Russian). Independent Gazette. 23 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  5. "Russia presenting model of Luna-25 Moon exploration spacecraft at Le Bourget Air Show 2015". Retrieved 7 August 2015. 
  6. "Ouyang Ziyuan portrayed Chang E project follow-up blueprint". Science Times. 2011-12-09. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  7. "Chandrayaan II may be delayed, says ISRO Chief". Space Travel. Sep 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  8. "Rogozin presses Russian lunar base, Chandrayaan-2 delayed by Proton and Phobos-Grunt investigations". Lunar Networks. September 13, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  9. "China plans to launch Chang'e 5 in 2017". XinHua News. Dec 16, 2013. 
  10. Hill, Bill (March 2012). "Exploration Systems Development Status" (PDF). NASA Advisory Council. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  11. "Luna-Resurs lander (Luna-27)". Russian Space Web. October 10, 2014. Retrieved 2015-10-16. 
  12. Missions to the Moon Luna-27. The Planetary Society.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "ILN". NASA. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  14. "小型探査機による高精度月面着陸の技術実証(SLIM)について" (PDF) (in Japanese). 2015-06-03. Retrieved 2015-06-23. 
  15. "Japan delays launch of unmanned lunar lander to second half of fiscal 2019". The Japan Times. June 4, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-22. 
  16. "Small lunar-lander “SLIM” for the pinpoint landing technology demonstration" (PDF). 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-23. 
  17. "The tiny rover payload in SLIM mission" (PDF). 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-23. 
  18. "China Plans 2017 Lunar Sample-Return Mission". Aviationweek. Dec 16, 2013. 
  19. Paul Kallender (19 May 2003). "Japan Proposes Cheaper Alternative To Stalled Moon Lander". Retrieved 2008-11-11. [dead link]
  20. "月着陸・探査ミッション(SELENE-2) の現状について" (PDF) (in Japanese). 2011-02-09. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  22. Kim, Jack (20 November 2007). "South Korea eyes moon orbiter in 2020, landing 2025". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  23. Pak, Han-pyol (1 July 2013). "핵전지 실은 한국형 로버 … 지구서 우주인터넷 통해 조종". 중앙일보. Retrieved 2013-07-19. 
  24. Lele, Ajey (2013). Asian Space Race: Rhetoric Or Reality. Springer. pp. 70–72. ISBN 978-81-322-0732-0. North Korea has also announced its intentions to undertake manned and Moon missions in the future. Nonetheless, the current status of their space programme indicates that they would have to overcome many hurdles to reach that level of technology sophistication. 
  25. "UK 'to lead moon landing' funded by public contributions". BBC News. 19 November 2014. 
  26. "Lunar Mission One: A New Lunar Mission for Everyone". British Interplanetary Society. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  27. "Is Space Adventures Sending Customers Around the Moon?". 
  28. Belfiore, Michael (2007). Rocketeers: how a visionary band of business leaders, engineers, and pilots is boldly privatizing space. New York: Smithsonian Books. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-06-114903-0. the ... Russian space program cut a deal with Florida-based Space Adventures to send two tourists and a professional cosmonaut on a flyby mission around the Moon. The major hardware for the mission already exists; all that's needed now is to find two people willing and able to pony up $100 million each to pay for it. 
  29. Whittington, Mark (29 January 2011). "Space Adventures Closer to Private 'Round the Moon Voyage". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  30. "Lunar Mission Details". Space Adventures. Retrieved 29 March 2011. 
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 Staff Writers (2006-08-03). "Japan Plans Moon Base By 2030". Moon Daily. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  32. NASA delays Orion capsule's first manned flight until 2023
  33. "The European Space Exploration Programme Aurora". European Space Agency. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  34. "The Race to Mars". Discover Magazine. 22 November 2005. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 "Russia Plans to Colonize Moon by 2030, Newspaper Reports". The Moscow Times. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2014. 
  36. "China considering manned lunar landing in 2025–2030". 
  37. "Moon may light man's future". China Daily. 15 August 2009. 
  38. "China has no timetable for manned moon landing: chief scientist". Xin Hua News. 19 Sep 2012. 
  39. "Japan's Moon mission in jeopardy". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 15 January 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-09. "Luna-Glob". Gunter's Space Page. 6 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  40. "Just watch. Don't Touch. Moon Mission busted." (in German). n-tv. 12 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  41. Craig Brown (11 January 2007). "British scientists shoot for the moon". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 2007-11-24. 
  42. Pallab Ghosh (10 January 2007). "Britain plans first Moon mission". BBC. Retrieved 2008-11-09. 
  43. NASA's 2011 Budget Should Allow Flexibility Despite Cuts,, 15 Apr 2011.
  44. Bérengère Houdou; James Carpenter (2008-10-30). "The MoonNEXT Mission" (PDF). LEAG - ILEWG - SRR. ESA/ESTEC, The Netherlands. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  45. "Fly us to the Moon…south pole to be precise". ESA news. 2010-03-31. Retrieved 2011-03-17. 
  46. "ILN". NASA. Retrieved 2008-11-11.