List of rocket launch sites

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This article constitutes a list of rocket launch sites. Some of these sites are known as spaceports or cosmodromes. A single rocket launch is sufficient for inclusion in the table, as long as the site is properly documented through a reference. Missile locations with no launches are not included in the list. Proposed and planned sites and sites under construction are not included in the main tabulation, but may appear in condensed lists under the tables.

A shorter list of spaceports for human spaceflight and satellite launches is available in the article Spaceport.

Table specification

Sorting order

  • operational date;
  • Countries in alphabetical order within a table;
  • Launch sites within a country are sorted chronologically according to start of operations.

Column specification

  • Country – territory of the site (the organisation responsible for the launches may reside elsewhere, as indicated in the notes column;
  • Location – Name of launch site (sometimes also province etc.)
  • Coordinates – geographical coordinates
  • Operational date – the period of years of launch activities
  • Number of rocket launches – the total number of launches, including failed launches
  • Heaviest rocket launched – total mass at lift-off
  • Highest achieved altitude – height in km above launch site
  • Notes – comments

Africa

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Algeria Hammaguira French Special Weapons Test Centre, Hammaguir Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1947–1967   18 000 kg   Orbital   Operated by France.[1]
Algeria Reggane Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1961–1965 10      
Congo (Zaire) Shaba North, Kapani Tonneo OTRAG Launch Center Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1977–1978 3     <50 km   German OTRAG rockets.[2]
Egypt Jabal Hamzah ballistic missile test and launch facility Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. Late 1950s–present 6       Al Zafir and Al Kahir SRBMs testing[3][4]
Kenya Broglio Space Centre (San Marco), Malindi Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1964–1988 27   20 000 kg   Orbital   Scout rockets, operated by ASI and Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.[5]
Libya Sabha, Tawiwa OTRAG Launch Center Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1981–1982     50 km   German OTRAG rockets.[6]
Mauretania Nouadhibou Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1973–1973 1       During a solar eclipse
South Africa Overberg South African Test Centre Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1989–1990       Launched test mission rockets only.[7]

Asia

Note that some Russian cosmodromes appear in this section, some in the section Europe

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
China Base 603, Shijiedu, Guangde Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1960–1966   1 000 kg   <60 km  
China Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1970–   464 000 kg   Orbital   Human spaceflight[8]
China Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1980–     Orbital   Polar satellites[9]
China Xichang Satellite Launch Center Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1984–     Lunar   Geo-synchronous satellites, lunar probes.[10][11]
China Jingyu Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.      
India Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, thumba Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1962– >2000       [12]
India Balasore, in the state of Odisha[citation needed] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.      
India Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota), Andhra Pradesh Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1971–   402 000 kg   Interplanetary   Satellites and lunar probes;[13]
India Abdul Kalam Island Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.      
Indonesia Stasiun Peluncuran Roket, Pameungpeuk, Garut Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1965– 14+   765 kg   100 km  
Iran Qom Space Center Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1991       Military testing[14]
Iran Emamshahr Space Center Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1998       Military testing and sounding rockets for ISA.[15]
Iran Semnan spaceport Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2009– 2     Orbital  
Iraq Al-Anbar Test Centre Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1989       Out of function[16]
Israel Palmachim Air Force Base Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1987– 9   70 000 kg   Orbital   [17]
Japan Akita Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1956–1990 81     343 km  
Japan Uchinoura Space Center Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1962–   139 000 kg   Interplanetary   [18]
Japan Tanegashima Space Center, Tanegashima Island Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1967–   445 000 kg   Interplanetary   [19]
Japan Ryori[citation needed] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1970–      
Japan Niijima[citation needed] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.      
Japan Obachi[citation needed] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.      
Kazakhstan Baikonur Cosmodrome, Tyuratam Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1957– >1000   2 400 000 kg   Interplanetary   First satellite, first human. Operated by Russia.[20]
Kazakhstan Sary Shagan[citation needed] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1958–      
Korea, North Musudan-ri Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1998–       Military rockets; satellite launch[21]
Korea, North Sohae Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2012–       Military rockets; satellite launch[22]
Korea South Anhueng Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1993–      
Korea, South Naro Space Center, Gohueng Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2008 3     Orbital   Attempted satellite launches[23]
Maldives Gan Island Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.       Several rockets of the Kookaburra type were launched from a pad at 0°41' S and 73°9' E [24]
Pakistan Sonmiani Satellite Launch Center, Las Bela, Balochistan Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1960s –[25]       Sounding rockets, missile testing, for SUPARCO.[26]
Pakistan Tilla Satellite Launch Center, Jhelum District, Punjab Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1980s –[27]       Sounding rockets, missile testing, for SUPARCO.[28]
Russia Kheysa[citation needed] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1956–1980      
Russia Svobodny Cosmodrome, Amur Oblast Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1957–   47 000 kg   Orbital   ICBM base converted for satellites[29]
Russia Sovetskaya Gavan Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1963–1964 6     402 km  
Russia Okhotsk[citation needed] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1981–2005     1000 km  
Russia Yasny Cosmodrome (formerly Dombarovskiy), Orenburg Oblast Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2006–   211 000 kg   Orbital   ICBM base converted for satellites[30]
Russia Vostochny Cosmodrome, Amur Oblast, Russia[31] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 28 April 2016[32]       Facility on Russian territory to supplement Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan
Taiwan Haiqian Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1988-   10 000 kg   300 km   Science and technology development

Proposed or planned spaceports and rocket launch sites in Asia

Europe

Note that some European countries operate spaceports in Africa, South America, or other equatorial regions. These spaceports are listed in this article according to their geographical location. Some Russian-controlled launch sites are listed as being in Asia.

Note that some Russian cosmodromes appear in this section, some in the section Asia

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
France Ile de Levant Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1948–[citation needed]      
Germany Rocket Launch Site Berlin, Berlin-Tegel Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1930–1933     4 km  
Germany Peenemünde/Greifswalder Oie Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1942–1945 >3000   12 500 kg   >100 km   V-2 rockets during World War II.
Germany Cuxhaven Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.) 1945–1964      
Germany Hespenbusch, Großenkneten Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1952–1957     <10 km  
Germany Zingst Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1970–1992 67     80 km  
Greece Koroni Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1966–1989 371     114 km  
Iceland Vik Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1964–1965 2      
Italy Salto di Quirra Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1964–[citation needed]      
Norway Andøya Rocket Range Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1962– >900   700 kg     Rockets to the upper atmosphere.[36]
Norway Marka Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1983–1984   16 kg    
Norway SvalRak Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1997–[citation needed]      
Poland Tuchola Forest Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1944–1945       Nazi-German V-2 rockets
Poland Łeba Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1941–1945       Nazi-German rockets
Poland Łeba-Rąbka[citation needed] Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1963–1973 36       Polish rockets
Poland Blizna Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1943–1944[citation needed] 139       Nazi-German V-2 rockets
Russia Kapustin Yar Cosmodrome, Astrakhan Oblast Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1957–[citation needed]     Orbital   Previously for satellite launches[37]
Russia Nyonoksa Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1965–1997[citation needed]      
Russia Plesetsk Cosmodrome 1966– >1000   300 000 kg   Orbital  
Spain El Arenosillo Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1966–[citation needed] >500      
Sweden Nausta Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1961–1961[citation needed] 1   30 kg   <80 km   Arcas rocket for atmospheric research.[38]
Sweden Kronogård Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1961–1964 18   700 kg   135 km   Arcas, Nike-Cajun and Nike-Apache rockets for atmospheric research.
Sweden Esrange, Kiruna Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1966–1972 150   700 kg   237 km   Operated by ESRO.[39]
Sweden Esrange, Kiruna Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1972–[citation needed] 300   12 400 kg   717 km   Operated by SSC.[39] Major programmes: Maxus, TEXUS, Maser, stratospheric balloons.
United Kingdom The Needles Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1956–1971      
United Kingdom South Uist Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1959–      

Proposed or planned spaceports in Europe

North America

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Canada Fort Churchill, Manitoba Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1954–1985 >3500       Canadian Army.[41]
Canada Resolute Bay, Nunavut Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1966–1971 17       National Research Council Canada.[42]
Canada Hall Beach Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1971–1971 7     270 km  
Canada Southend Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1980–1980 2   1 200 kg    
Greenland (Denmark) Thule Air Base Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1964–1980       US Air Force[43]
United States Wallops Flight Facility, Delmarva Peninsula, Virginia Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1945–       Now operated by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center[44]
United States White Sands Missile Range Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1946– >7000       Military and civilian flights. Served as alternate landing site for the space shuttle.[45]
United States Nevada Test and Training Range (formerly Nellis Air Force Range) Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1950s–[citation needed]       [46]
United States Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1956–     Interplanetary   Commercial and U.S. Government unmanned missions.
United States Vandenberg Air Force Base, California Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1958–     Orbital   Satellites, ballistic missile tests. Government and commercial launches.[47]
United States Kennedy Space Center, Florida Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1963– 151   3 000 000 kg   Lunar   Launched each NASA manned mission. Adjacent to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
United States Pacific Missile Range Facility, Hawaii Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1963–       testing of antiballistic missile and missile tracking by the US Navy.
United States Keweenaw, Michigan Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1964–1971[citation needed] >50   770 kg   <160 km   Currently inactive
United States Kodiak Launch Complex, Alaska Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1991– 14   86 000 kg   Orbital   Ballistic missile interceptor tests, satellite launches. Alaska Aerospace Corporation.[48]
United States Mojave Air and Space Port, California Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2004–     112 km   Privately-funded spaceflights (SpaceShipOne, SpaceShipTwo).
United States Spaceport America (formerly Southwest Regional Spaceport), Upham, New Mexico Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2006– 8       Sub-orbital commercial and planned space tourist launches. Joint venture between state of New Mexico and Virgin Galactic.[49][50]
United States Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport (MARS), Delmarva Peninsula, Virginia Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2006– 6   89 805 kg   Lunar   Operates in partnership with NASA, adjacent to the Wallops Flight Facility site. Designed for both commercial and government launches.[51]

Additional rocket launch sites in North America

Please delete items or move them to the table above with appropriate data and references.

Proposed or planned spaceports in North America

South America

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Argentina Puerto Belgrano Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2017 Launch pad for future Tronador II under construction (CONAE)
Argentina Punta Indio Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2014 - 2   2 800 kg   2.2 km   Civilian Launch Test Site (CONAE)
Argentina CELPA Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1962 - 1974 / 2011 - 100 (approximately)  933 kg   550 km   Military Launch Test Site (CITIDEF)
Argentina Serrezuela Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 2009 1   500 kg   40 km   Military test (Gradicom I)
Argentina Las Palmas Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1966–1966 2   3 400 kg   270 km   During a solar eclipse, with Titus rockets.
Argentina Tartagal Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1966–1966       During a solar eclipse
Argentina Mar Chiquita Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1968–1972 11      
Argentina Villa Reynolds Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1973–1973 2      
Argentina Pampa de Achala Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1961 - 1962 8   28 kg   25 km   First Argentine launch site.
Brazil Natal/Barreira Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1965– 233     1100 km  
Brazil Praia do Cassino Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1966–1966 27      
Brazil Alcântara Launch Center, Maranhão Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1990– 35   6 737 kg   956 km   Brazilian Air Force, Brazilian Space Agency. Planned satellite launches.
French Guiana Guiana Space Centre, Kourou Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1968– <200   777 000 kg   Interplanetary   Operated by CNES for ESA; launch base for Arianespace. Commercial and governmental launches.
Peru Chilca Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.      
Peru Punta Lobos Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.   2 000 kg    
Suriname Coronie Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1965–1965 4     205 km  

Proposed or planned spaceports in South America

Australia and New Zealand

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Australia Woomera Test Range Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1950s–   28 000 kg   Orbital   British/Australian government research facility. Missile testing, 2 satellite launches.
Australia Carnarvon Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1964–1965 12     120 km  
Australia Lancelin Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1974–1974 2       During a total solar eclipse
New Zealand Birdling's Flat Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.      

Proposed or planned spaceports in Australia and New Zealand

  • Cape York (Australia, Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.), Proposed site for Russian Zenit launches.[56][57]
  • Christmas Island, planned by Australia[58] and Japan[59]

Other

Country Location Coordinates Operational date Number of rocket launches Heaviest rocket launched Highest achieved altitude Notes
Marshall Island Omelek Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. 1950s-   39 000 kg   Orbital   ICBM base converted for satellites. SpaceX Falcon 1. Close to the equator.
Ocean Odyssey complex Mobile 1999– 30   462 000 kg   Orbital   Mobile satellite launch platform operated by Sea Launch. Uses a converted oil platform that plies between Long Beach, California, where a Zenit-3SL rocket is collected, and the equator, where the rocket is launched.
Russian Delta class submarines Mobile 1998– 2   30 000 kg   Orbital   Launch of unmanned satellites into Earth orbit via converted SLBM missile Shtil from the Barents Sea.

Additional rocket launch sites in the oceans and Antarctica

Please delete items or move them to the table above with appropriate data and references.

See also

  • Launch pad
  • Spaceport, including lists of spaceports that have achieved satellite launches and launches of humans

References

  1. Hammaguira – astronautix.com
  2. Kapani Tonneo – astronautix.com
  3. "Jabal Hamzah". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 25 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Egypt - Missile". NTI. James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies. Retrieved 25 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. San Marco – astronautix.com
  6. Tawiwa – astronautix.com
  7. Overberg – astronautix.com
  8. Jiuquan – astronautix.com
  9. Taiyuan – astronautix.com
  10. ""嫦娥一号"发射时间确定 但未到公布时机". XINHUA Online. July 7, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Xichang – astronautix.com
  12. Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), ISRO
  13. Sriharikota – astronautix.com
  14. Qom – astronautix.com
  15. Emamshahr – astronautix.com
  16. Al Anbar – astronautix.com
  17. Palmachim – astronautix.com
  18. Kagoshima – astronautix.com
  19. Tanegashima – astronautix.com
  20. Baikonur – astronautix.com
  21. Musudan – astronautix.com
  22. Sohae Satellite Launching Station– NTI.org
  23. Goheung – astronautix.com
  24. http://www.astronautix.com/lvs/kooburra.htm
  25. Missile Facilities – Flight Test Range, Sonmiani Beach, NTI
  26. Sonmiani – astronautix.com
  27. [1]
  28. [2]
  29. Svobodniy – astronautix.com
  30. Dombarovsky – astronautix.com
  31. [3]
  32. TASS - First rocket launch from Vostochny
  33. ISRO plan more launches, Rediff, January 05, 2014
  34. China to use jumbo rocket for delivery of lunar rover, space station, People's Daily Online, March 11, 2008
  35. China's 4th Satellite Launch Center to Be Built in Hainan – CHINA.ORG.CN
  36. Andoya – astronautix.com
  37. Kapustin Yar – astronautix.com
  38. sv:Nausta
  39. 39.0 39.1 Kiruna – astronautix.com
  40. Spaceport Sweden
  41. Fort Churchill – astronautix.com
  42. Resolute Bay – astronautix.com
  43. Thule AFB – astronautix.com
  44. Wallops Flight Facility (NASA)
  45. White Sands, Astronautix
  46. Nevada Test Site – astronautix.com
  47. Vandenberg – astronautix.com
  48. Kodiak Launch Complex, AADC
  49. spaceportamerica.com
  50. Spaceport America – astronautix.com
  51. Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport website
  52. PlanetSpace still plans to blast-off from Cape Breton, chairman says, CBC News, February 21, 2008
  53. Rocketeers pick Canadian launch site, MSNBC, June 2, 2005
  54. Oklahoma Spaceport website
  55. Spaceport Oklahoma Licensed by FAA, SpecRef.com, October 15, 2001
  56. Spaceports Around the World: Australia's Woomera and Weipa Spaceports, spacetoday.org
  57. Cape York – astronautix.com
  58. Christmas Island – astronautix.com
  59. High Speed Flight Demonstration project (HSFD), JAXA

External links