List of state leaders in 2004

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 2004.




North America


South America


  1. Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  2. Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  3. Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  4. Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister in 1993–98.
  5. Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  6. The position of Chairman of the National Defence Commission was declared to be the highest office of state by the constitution that came into effect in 1998.
  7. Kyrgyzstan only became independent in 1991.
  8. Turkmenistan only became independent in 1991.
  9. Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  10. Saleh was president of North Yemen until 1990.
  11. The three-member presidency, of the National Council, acted collectively on 6–8 July as head of state—circumstances ensuing exclusively during permanent vacancies, in the position of Federal President.
  12. The title changed from Minister of State to Prime Minister on 17 February.
  13. Abkhazia only declared independence in 1992.
  14. Transnistria only declared independence in 1991.
  15. The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is head of state and government collectively. Within this executive council, the president serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  16. Tonga only became independent in 1970.

External links

  • Rulers—a list of rulers throughout time and places
  •—an online encyclopedia of the leaders of nations and territories