List of subcultures

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This is a list of subcultures.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

V

W

Z

See also

Notes

  1. Sources for Alcoholics Anonymous:
  2. BDSM sources:
  3. Ken Gelder pages 295. Chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
  4. Theodore Trefon (2004). Reinventing order in the Congo: how people respond to state failure in Kinshasa (illustrated ed.). Zed Books. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-84277-491-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Xue, Katherine (2014). "Synthetic Biology's New Menagerie". Retrieved 25 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Haywire, Rachel (20 March 2012). "Becoming Ourselves". Retrieved 25 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Sources for Bodybuilding:
  8. Sources:
  9. Joachim Kersten (2003). "Street Youths, Bosozoku, and Yakuza: Subculture Formation and Societal Reactions in Japan". Crime & Delinquency. 39 (3): 277–295. doi:10.1177/0011128793039003002.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 Isaac Gagné (June 2008). "Urban Princesses: Performance and "Women's Language" in Japan's Gothic/Lolita Subculture". Journal of Linguistic Anthropology. Blackwell Publishing. 18 (1): 130–150(21). doi:10.1111/j.1548-1395.2008.00006.x.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. bell 2001, pages 101-102, 154-184
  12. Sources:
  13. Sources:
  14. Sources for emo subculture: Ianto Ware (2008). "Andrew Keen Vs the Emos: Youth, Publishing, and Transliteracy". M/C Journal. 11 (4).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Harris, Cheryl; Alexander, Alison (1998). Theorizing fandom : fans, subculture and identity. Hampton Press. ISBN 1-57273-114-1. ISBN 1-57273-115-X ISBN 1-57273-115-X (pbk.) ISBN 1-57273-115-X.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Fred Davis, Laura Munoz (2011). "8. Heads and freaks: patterns and meanings of drug use among hippies". In Lee Rainwater (ed.). Deviance and Liberty: Social Problems and Public Policy. Aldine Transaction. pp. 88–95. ISBN 978-1-4128-1503-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Sources:
  18. Sources for glam:
  19. Catherine Spooner, Emma McEvoy (2007). The Routledge Companion to Gothic. London: Routledge. pp. 195–196, 263–264. ISBN 0-415-39843-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Mary Jane Kehily, Open University (2007). Understanding Youth: Perspectives, Identities and Practices (illustrated ed.). London: SAGE Publications. ISBN 1-4129-3064-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Ken Gelder pages 91, from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
  22. Sources:
  23. Sources:
  24. Ken Gelder pages:
    • 23 chapter "Introduction to part one, by Ken Gelder
    • 91 from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
    • 106, 110-111 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber;
    • 127 from chapter "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 136-137 from chapter "Second-hand dresses and the role of the ragmarket (1989)" by Angela McRobbie
    • 304 from chapter "Black hair/style politics" by Kobena Mercer
  25. Goodlad, page 68-71
  26. Sources:
    • Karen Bettez Halnon (Winter 2006). "Heavy Metal Carnival and Dis-alienation: The Politics of Grotesque Realism". Symbolic Interaction. 29 (1): 33–48. doi:10.1525/si.2006.29.1.33.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
    • Karen Bettez Halnon (2004). "Inside Shock Music Carnival: Spectacle as Contested Terrain". Critical Sociology. 30 (3): 743–779. doi:10.1163/1569163042119868.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. Billy Baker (2007-03-05). "Up for the count, Jugglers may pop out on streets this spring, but the real action is in a thriving Hub subculture". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-08-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Ken Gelder pages:
    • 84, 91, from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen;
    • 94, 101, from chapter "Cultures, subcultures and class", by John Clarke et al.
  29. "Fashioncore Definitions and Connotations". http://www.chemistrydaily.com/chemistry/Fashioncore. External link in |work= (help); Missing or empty |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. Jon Stratton (1986). "Why doesn't anybody write anything about Glan Rock?". Australian Journal of Cultural Studies. 4 (1): 15–38.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. Sources for nudism:Karl Eric Toepfer (1997). Empire of Ecstasy: Nudity and Movement in German Body Culture, 1910-1935. University of California Press. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-520-20663-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. Sources:
  33. Pachuco sources:
  34. John D. DeLamater (2003). Handbook of social psychology (illustrated ed.). Springer. pp. 165–168. ISBN 978-0-306-47695-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. "RhymeZone - Psychedelia". Retrieved 25 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. "memidex - Psychedelias". Retrieved 25 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  37. "Adventures Through Inner Space: Meet the 'Psychonauts'". 28 November 2000. Retrieved 25 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. "New Designer Drugs Are In Legal Gray Area". 4 June 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. Ken Gelder pages:
    • 84 from chapter "Introduction to part two" by Ken Gelder
    • 121-124, 127-128 from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 138 from chapter "Second-hand dresses and the role of the ragmarket (1989)" by Angela McRobbie
  40. Sources:
  41. Sources:
  42. 42.0 42.1 Muggleton, pages 721,728
  43. Ken Gelder pages:
    • 94, 109-110 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber
    • 295 from chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
  44. Sources:
  45. Sources:
    • Epstein, page 100
    • Ken Gelder pages 103 from chapter "Cultures, subcultures and class", by John Clarke et al. (rudies = rude boys)
  46. Ken Gelder pages:
    • 90, from chapter "Subcultural conflict" by Phil Cohen
    • 131 from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
  47. Sources for Scouting:
  48. 48.0 48.1 Ken Gelder pages:
    • 294, from chapter 27 "Posing... threats, striking... poses. Youth, surveillance and display (1983)" by Dick Hebdige
    • 339, from chapter "Tattoo enthusiasts. Subculture or figuration? (2003)" by Michael Atkinson
    • 370-381, from chapter "Real men, phallicism and fascism (1996)" by Murray Healy
    • 471, chapter "Communities and scenes in popular music (1991)" by Will Straw
  49. "The Skinheads". Time. 1970-06-08. Retrieved 2008-09-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  50. http://www.ica.org.uk/20362/DANCESCHOOL/Subjective-Thoughts-On-A-Neglected-Scene.html Soulboy
  51. Sources for steampunk:
  52. Sources for swinging:
  53. Sources:
  54. Ken Gelder pages:
    • 98, 101, 102 from chapter "Cultures, subcultures and class", by John Clarke et al.
    • 105, 107 from chapter "Girls and subcultures (1977)" by Angela McRobbie and Jenny Garber
    • 126 from chapter 10 "The meaning of style" by Dick Hebdige
    • 161-162 from chapter "Symbols of trouble" by Stanley Cohen
    • 273 from chapter "Introduction to part five" by Ken Gelder
    • 284-287 from chapter "Fashion and revolt (1963)" by T.R. Fyvel
    • 309 from chapter "Black hair/style politics" by Kobena Mercer
    • 367, 372 from chapter "Real men, phallicism and fascism (1996)" by Murray Healy
  55. Trekkie sources:
  56. Ordered Misbehavior – The Structuring of an Illegal Endeavor by Alf Rehn. A study of the illegal subculture known as the "warez scene".
  57. Herman, Andrew; Swiss, Thomas. The World Wide Web and Contemporary Cultural Theory: Magic, Metaphor, Power. p. 103. Retrieved 25 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  58. Zazou sources:

References