List of the oldest mosques in the world

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Mosque of Uqba, founded in 670 in Tunisia

The designation of the oldest mosque in the world requires careful use of definitions, and must be divided into two parts, the oldest in the sense of oldest surviving building, and the oldest in the sense of oldest mosque congregation. Even here, there is the distinction between old mosque buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques, and those that have been converted to other purposes; and between buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques and those that were shuttered for many decades. In terms of congregations, they are distinguished between early established congregations that have been in continuous existence, and early congregations that ceased to exist.

To be listed here a site must:

  • be the oldest mosque in a country, large city (top 50), or oldest of its type (denomination, architectural, etc.);
  • be the oldest congregation of its type (denomination).

Oldest mosques

Building Image Location Modern country First Built Denomination Notes
Masjid al-Haram Kaaba mirror edit jj.jpg Mecca Saudi Arabia unknown Abrahamic religion Site of Haj pilgrimage and direction (Qibla) of Muslim formal prayers; rebuilt many times, notably 1571 by the Ottomans and late 20th century by Saudis, further radical enlargement under way since 2010.
Quba Mosque Masjid al-Quba.jpg Medina Saudi Arabia 622 Oldest mosque site (after the building of Masjid-al-Haram) but building largely rebuilt in the late 20th century.
Al-Masjid al-Nabawi Mescidi nebevi.JPG Medina Saudi Arabia 622 Site of pilgrimage. Contains Muhammad's tomb. Largely rebuilt and greatly enlarged in the late 20th century, whilst retaining at its heart the earlier construction of the Ottomans, and landmark green dome.
Masjid al-Qiblatain Al-Qiblatin Mosque.jpg Medina Saudi Arabia 623 Mosque of the two Qiblas
Huaisheng Mosque Huaisheng Mosque Dec 2007.jpg Guangzhou China 627 The Huaisheng Mosque is the main mosque of Guangzhou. It has been rebuilt many times over its history. According to tradition it was originally built over 1,300 years ago in 627AD by Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas who was an uncle of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and was named in memory of Muhammad.
Masjid al-Qiblatayn 100px Zeila Somalia 627 built in the 7th century in Zeila, shortly after the hijra; known to be among the oldest mosques in the world and the oldest in Africa.
Palaiya Jumma Palli 100px Kilakarai India 628-630 Sunni First ever mosque in India, Constructed by Yemeni merchants and trade settlers in the Pandiya Kingdom and ordered by Bazan ibn Sasan, Governor of Yemen at the time of Muhammad[1]
Cheraman Juma Masjid Cheraman Juma Masjid.jpg Kodungallur India 629 Built by Malik Deenar and named for Cheraman Perumal
Jawatha Mosque 100px Al-Kilabiyah Saudi Arabia 629 Has recently been renovated and prayers are still held in this mosque.
Great Mosque of Kufa Kufa Mosque, 1915.jpg Kufa Iraq 639 Shia The mosque, built in the 7th century, contains the remains of Muslim Ibn‘ Aqīl - first cousin of Husayn ibn ‘Alī, his companion Hānī ibn ‘Urwa, and the revolutionary Mukhtār al-Thaqafī.
Mosque of Uqba Kairouan's Great Mosque courtyard.jpg Kairouan Tunisia 670 Sunni rebuilt in the 9th century
Imam Hussain Mosque Kerbela Hussein Moschee.jpg Karbala Iraq 680 Shia reconstructed several times, including in 1016
Al-Aqsa Mosque Al-aqsa-mosque01 cropped.JPG Jerusalem Palestine 705 Sunni Al-Aqsa and Bayt al-Muqaddas, is the third holiest site in Islam and is located in the Old City of Jerusalem. The site on which the silver domed mosque sits, along with the Dome of the Rock
Al-Zaytuna Mosque MinaretMosqueeZitounaTunis.JPG Tunis Tunisia 709 Sunni
Umayyad Mosque Umayyad Mosque.jpg Damascus Syria 715 Shia, Sunni National Mosque
Imam Ali Mosque Meshed ali usnavy (PD).jpg Najaf Iraq 977 Shia, Sunni Shrine of first Shia Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib, and fourth Sunni Rashidun Caliph.
Great Mosque of Xi'an Chinese-style minaret of the Great Mosque.jpg Xi'an, Shaanxi China 742[2] Although remains date mostly from the 18th century,[3] the Mosque was founded in 742[4]
Atiq Mosque, Awjila
Awjila (Libia) - The Mosque of Atiq.jpg
Awjila Libya 1101 Sunni
Arba'a Rukun


Mogadishu Somalia 1268/9 Sunni
Fakr ad-Din Mosque
Mogadishu Somalia 1269 Sunni Mosque built by Sultan Fakr ad-Din of the Sultanate of Mogadishu (10th Century - 16th Century).
Kazimar Big Mosque
Madurai India 1284 Sunni, Hanafi Shadhili Second Mosque in Tamil Nadu.

By country


  • Haji Piyada, built in the second half of the 9th century, oldest Islamic building in Afghanistan [5]


Iljaz Mirahori Mosque, is a historic mosque in Korçë, Albania. It was built in 1494 by Iljaz Hoxha, also known as Iljaz Bey Mirahor.[6] It is a Cultural Monument of Albania.[7]

King Mosque, Elbasan or Sulltan Bayazit mosque in Elbasan was builted around 1482.





  • Sixty Dome Mosque, built in 1450 AD by Khan Jahan Ali (1398-1459), is the second-oldest mosque in Bangladesh, and is located in Bagerhat, Khulna division. The fortified structure contains eighty-one domes, sixty stone pillars and eleven mihrabs.




  • Great Mosque of Xi'an, built in 742, but oldest mosque in China is the Beacon Tower mosque of Guangzhou being built in 627.[11]



  • Berlin Mosque, built in 1924, oldest mosque building in Germany















  • Masjid Mazin bin Ghadouba, foundations date to the 7th century, oldest mosque in Oman


Saudi Arabia



South Africa


Sri Lanka

  • Masjid al-Abrar, built in the first century of Hijra in Beruwala, Sri Lanka. The date has been carved in its stone pillars. It is situated in western province of Sri Lanka.





  • 300 Years Mosque, built in the 17th century, possibly oldest mosque in Thailand


  • Mosque of Uqba, built in the 7th century, possibly oldest mosque in Tunisia


  • Hagia Sophia, built in 537 as a Christian church, later converted to a mosque in 1453, now a museum since 1931

United Arab Emirates

United States


  • Great Mosque of Sana'a, built in the 7th century, possibly oldest mosque
  • Al-Janad mosque, built in the 7th century, possibly oldest mosque

See also

External links and references

  1. Gibb & Beckingham 1994, pp. 814–815 Vol. 4.
  2. China By Shelley Jiang,pg. 274
  3. Fodor's China edited by Margaret Kelly, pg 618
  4. Geography of China: Sacred and Historic Places By Britannica Educational Publishing, pg. 181-182, Kenneth Pletcher
  5. "City of Balkh (antique Bactria) - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Retrieved 2014-10-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Albania Explorer
  7. "Religious buildings with the "Culture Monument" status". Republic of Albania National Committee for Cult. Retrieved October 28, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Circuitos Halal". City of Buenos Aires. Retrieved November 15, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Afghan cameleers in Australia - Australia's Culture Portal". Retrieved 2014-10-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Mesquita Brasil: Nossa História in Portuguese.
  11. Britannica Educational Publishing; Kenneth Pletcher (2010). The Geography of China: Sacred and Historic Places. Britannica Educational Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 9781615301829. Retrieved 2014-10-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>