List of titles and names of Krishna

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Krishna (/ˈkrɪʃnə/; Sanskrit: कृष्ण, Kṛṣṇa in IAST, pronounced [ˈkr̩ʂɳə]) is an ancient Indian King and Hindu deity, worshipped across many traditions of Hinduism in a variety of different perspectives. He is arguably one of the most enigmatic figures in World prehistory and mythology. Historically, Krishna as Vasudeva Govinda Krishna Shauri of the Vrishnis was the monarch of Dwaraka, a submerged island-state off coast modern Gujarat, India. In the Hindu Pantheon Krishna is recognized as the complete and eighth avatar of the God Vishnu or as the Supreme God swayam bhagwan(supreme personality of godhead) in his own right. Krishna is one of the most widely revered and popular of all Hindu deities. As one of the most popular of all Hindu dieties, Krishna has absorbed many regionally significant dieties such as Jagannatha in Odisha or Vithoba in Maharashtra. Srimad Bhagavatam names Krishna's eternal abode as Goloka. He is often described and portrayed as an infant eating butter, a toddler being tied to a mortar by his Mother (Damodara), a young boy playing a flute as in the Bhagavata Purana,[1]An adoloscent cowherd tending to cows, a young man along with Radha, A householder romancing any of his multiple wives, A king dispensing Royal duties, A diplomat initiating both War and Peace for greater good, As a middle aged friend and charioteer to Arjuna or as an elder giving direction and guidance to Arjuna in the form of Spiritual discourse as in the Bhagavad Gita.[2] The stories of Krishna appear across a broad spectrum of Hindu philosophical and theological traditions.[3] They portray him in various perspectives: a lovable infant, a god-child, a prankster, a cowherd, a model lover, a divine hero, a Diplomat, a King, a Kingmaker, a selfless friend, a philosopher and the Supreme Being swayam bhagwan.[4] The principal scriptures discussing Krishna's story are the Mahabharata, the Harivamsa, the Bhagavata Purana, and the Vishnu Purana. The Vishnu Sahasranama, the list Vishnu's thousand names also includes many of Krishna's names.



108 names and titles from the Gaudiya Vaishnavism tradition

Name Meaning Name Meaning
Achala Still Lord Achyuta Infallible Lord
Adbhutah Wonderful God Adidev The Original Lord
Aditya The Son Of Aditi Ajanma The Unborn
Ajaya The Conqueror Of Life And Death Akshara Indestructible Lord
Amrut Heavenly nectar (A (no) + Mrut (Death)) Anandsagar Ocean of Trancendental Bliss
Ananta The Endless Lord Anantajit Ever Victorious Lord
Anaya One Who Has No Leader Aniruddha One Who Cannot Be Obstructed
Aparajeet The Lord Who Cannot Be Defeated Avyukta One Who Is As Clear As Crystal
Bihari The Travelling Lord Balagopala The Child Krishna, The All Attractive
Balakrishna The Child Krishna Chaturbhuja Four-Armed Lord
Danavendra Granter Of Boons Dayalu Repository Of Compassion
Dayanidhi The Compassionate Lord Devadideva The God Of The Gods
Devakinandana Son Of Mother Devaki Devesha Lord Of The Demigods
Dharmadhyaksha The Lord Of Dharma Dravin The One Who has no Enemies
Dvarkapati Protector Of Dwarka Gopala One Who Plays With The Cowherds
Gopalpriya Lover Of Cowherds Govinda One Who Pleases The Cows, The Land And The Entire Nature
Gyaneshwara The Lord Of Knowledge Hari The Lord Of Nature
Hiranyagarbha "Golden Womb" (Creator) Hrushikesha The Lord Of All Senses
Jagadguru Preceptor Of The Universe Jagadisha Lord of the Universe
Jagannatha Master Of The Universe Janardana One Who Bestows Boons On One And All
Jayantah Conqueror Of All Enemies Jyotiraaditya The Resplendence Of The Sun
Kamalanatha The Lord Of Goddess Lakshmi Kamalanayana The Lord With Lotus Shaped Eyes
Kamsantaka Slayer Of Kamsa Kanjalochana The Lotus-Eyed God
Keshava One Who Has Long, Black Matted Locks Krishna All Attractive
Lakshmikaanta The Lord Of Goddess Lakshmi Lokadhyaksha Lord Of All The Three Lokas (Worlds)
Madana The Lord Of Love Madhava Husband to Goddess of Fortune
Madhusudan Slayer Of Demon Madhu Mahendra Lord Of Indra
Manmohana Bewildering the Mind Manohara Beautiful Lord
Mayura The Lord Who Has A Peacock Feathered-Crest Mohnish Attractive God
Murali The Flute Playing Lord Muralidhar One Who Holds The Flute
Muralimanohara The Lord who enchants with flute play. Nandakumara Son of Nanda
Nandagopala The loved cowherd Narayana The Refuge Of Everyone
Navanitachora Thief of Butter Niranjana The Unblemished Lord
Nirguna Without Any Material Properties Padmahasta One Who Has Hands Like Lotus
Padmanabha The Lord Who Has A lotus in his Navel Parabrahmana The Supreme Absolute Truth
Paramatma Trancendental (Supreme) Soul Parampurusha Supreme Enjoyer
Parthasarthi Charioteer Of Partha (Arjuna) Prajapati Lord Of All Creatures
Punyah Achieved by Penance Purshottama The Supreme Soul
Ravilochana One Whose Eye Is The Sun Sahasraakasah Thousand-Eyed Lord
Sahasrajita One Who Vanquishes Thousands Sakshi All Witnessing Lord
Sanatana The Eternal Lord Sarvajana Omniscient Lord
Sarvapalaka Protector Of All Sarveshwara Master of All
Satyavachana One Who Speaks Only The Truth Satyavrata The Truthful Vow
Shantah Peaceful Lord Shreshhtha The Most Glorious Lord
Shrikanta Beautiful Lord Shyam Dark-Complexioned Lord
Shyamasundara Lord Of The Beautiful Evenings Sudarshana Handsome Lord
Sumedha Intelligent Lord Suresham Lord Of All Demi-Gods
Svargapati Lord Of Heavens Trivikrama Conqueror Of All The Three Worlds
Upendra Brother Of Indra Vaikunthanatha Lord Of Vaikuntha, The Heavenly Abode
Vardhamaanah The Formless Lord Vasudevaputra Son of King Vasudeva
Vishnu All Prevailing Lord, Lord of the Universe, as Vishwa means Universe Vishwadakshinah Skillful And Efficient Lord
Vishwakarma Creator Of The Universe Vishwamurti Of The Form Of The Entire Universe
Vishwarupa One Who Displays The Universal Form Vishwatma Soul Of The Universe
Vrishaparvaa Lord Of Dharma Yadavendra King Of The Yadav Clan
Yogi The Supreme Master Yoginampati Lord Of The Yogis

Krishna Ashtottaram

The below prayers can be told daily by offering flowers or Tulasi to Krishna. It contains 108 Names of Krishna taken from Vishnu Sahasranama.


Shrikrishnaashtottara Shatanaamavali[5]
Devanagari English
ॐ कृष्णाय नमः Om Krishnaya Namah
ॐ कमलनाथाय नमः Om Kamalanathaaya Namah
ॐ वासुदेवाय नमः Om Vaasudevaaya Namah
ॐ सनातनाय नमः Om Sanatanaaya Namah
ॐ वसुदेवात्मजाय नमः Om Vaasudevaatmajaaya Namah
ॐ पुण्याय नमः Om Punyaaya Namah
ॐ लीलामानुष विग्रहाय नमः Om Leelaamaanusha Vigrahaaya Namah
ॐ श्रीवत्स कौस्तुभधराय नमः Om Shrivatsa Kaustubhadharaaya Namah
ॐ यशोदावत्सलाय नमः Om Yashodaavatsalaaya Namah
ॐ हरिये नमः Om Hariye Namah
ॐ चतुर्भुजात्त चक्रासिगदाशङ्खाद्युदायुधाय नमः Om Chaturbhujaatta Chakraasigadaashankhaadyudaayudhaaya Namah
ॐ देवाकीनंदनाय नमः Om Devakinandanaaya Namah
ॐ श्रीशाय नमः Om Shrishaaya Namah
ॐ नंदगोप प्रियात्मजाय नमः Om Nandagopa Priyaatmajaaya Namah
ॐ यमुनावेगा संहारिणे नमः Om Yamunaavega Samhaarine Namah
ॐ बलभद्र प्रियनुजाय नमः Om Balabhadra Priyaanujaaya Namah
ॐ पूतनाजीवित हराय नमः Om Putanaajivita Haraaya Namah
ॐ शकटासुर भञ्जनाय नमः Om Shakataasura Bhanjanaaya Namah
ॐ नंदव्रज जनानन्दिने नमः Om Nandavraja Janaanandinee Namah
ॐ सच्चिदानन्द विग्रहाय नमः Om Sachchidaananda Vigrahaaya Namah
ॐ नवनीत विलिप्ताङ्गाय नमः Om Navanita Viliptaangaaya Namah
ॐ नवनीत नटनाय नमः Om Navanita Natanaaya Namah
ॐ मुचुकुंद प्रसादकाय नमः Om Muchukunda Prasaadakaaya Namah
ॐ षोडशस्त्री सहस्रेशाय नमः Om Shhodashastri Sahasreeshaaya Namah
ॐ त्रिभङ्गिने नमः Om Tribhanginee Namah
ॐ मधुराकृतये नमः Om Madhuraakrutayee Namah
ॐ शुकवाग मृताब्दीन्दवे नमः Om Shukavaaga Mrutaabdiindave Namah
ॐ गोविंदाय नमः Om Govindaaya Namah
ॐ योगिनां पतये नमः Om Yoginaam Patayee Namah
ॐ वत्सवाटि चराय नमः Om Vatsavaati Charaya Namah
ॐ अनंताय नमः Om Anantaaya Namah
ॐ देनुकासुरभञ्जनाय नमः Om Deenukaasurabhanjanaaya Namah
ॐ तृणी कृत तृणा वर्ताय नमः Om Truni Kruta Trunaa Vartaaya Namah
ॐ यमळार्जुन भञ्जनाय नमः Om Yamalaarjuna Bhanjanaaya Namah
ॐ उत्तलोत्ताल भेत्रे नमः Om Uttaloottala Bhetre Namah
ॐ तमाल श्यामलाकृतिये नमः Om Tamaala Shyaamalaakrutiyee Namah
ॐ गोपगोपीश्वराय नमः Om Gopagopishvaraaya Namah
ॐ योगिने नमः Om Yoginee Namah
ॐ कोटिसूर्य समप्रभाय नमः Om Kotisurya Samaprabhaaya Namah
ॐ इलापतये नमः Om ilaapatayee Namah
ॐ परञ्ज्योतिषे नमः Om Paranjyootishhe Namah
ॐ यादवेंद्राय नमः Om Yaadaveendraaya Namah
ॐ यदूद्वहाय नमः Om Yaduudvahaaya Namah
ॐ वनमालिने नमः Om Vanamaalinee Namah
ॐ पीतवासने नमः Om Pitavaasanee Namah
ॐ पारिजातापहारकाय नमः Om Paarijaataapahaarakaaya Namah
ॐ गोवर्धनाच लोद्धर्त्रे नमः Om Govardhanaacha Loddhartree Namah
ॐ गोपालाय नमः Om Gopalaaya Namah
ॐ सर्वपालकाय नमः Om Sarvapaalakaaya Namah
ॐ अजाय नमः Om Ajaaya Namah
ॐ निरञ्जनाय नमः Om Niranjanaaya Namah
ॐ कामजनकाय नमः Om Kaamjanakaaya Namah
ॐ कञ्जलोचनाय नमः Om Kanjaloochanaaya Namah
ॐ मधुघ्ने नमः Om Madhughnee Namah
ॐ मधुरानाथाय नमः Om Madhuraanaathaaya Namah
ॐ द्वारकानायकाय नमः Om Dvaarakaanaayakaaya Namaha
ॐ बलिने नमः Om Balinee Namah
ॐ बृंदावनांत सञ्चारिणे नमः Om Brundaavanaanta Sanchaarinee Namah
ॐ तुलसीदाम भूषनाय नमः Om Tulasiidaama Bhushhanaaya Namah
ॐ शमंतक मणेर्हर्त्रे नमः Om Shamantaka Manerhartre Namah
ॐ नरनारयणात्मकाय नमः Om Naranaarayanaatmakaaya Namah
ॐ कुज्ज कृष्णांबरधराय नमः Om Kujja Krushhnaambaradharaaya Namah
ॐ मायिने नमः Om Maayinee Namah
ॐ परमपुरुषाय नमः Om Paramapurushhaaya Namah
ॐ मुष्टिकासुर चाणूर नमः Om Mushhtikaasura Chaanuura Namah
ॐ मल्लयुद्ध विशारदाय नमः Om Mallayuddha Vishaaradaaya Namah
ॐ संसारवैरिणे नमः Om Samsaaravairinee Namah
ॐ कंसारये नमः Om Kamsaarayee Namah
ॐ मुरारये नमः Om Muraarayee Namah
ॐ नाराकांतकाय नमः Om Naaraakaantakaaya Namah
ॐ अनादि ब्रह्मचारिणे नमः Om Anaadi Brahmachaarinee Namah
ॐ कृष्णाव्यसन कर्शकाय नमः Om Krishnaavyasana Karshakaaya Namah
ॐ शिशुपालशिच्चेत्रे नमः Om Shishupaalashichchetre Namah
ॐ दुर्योधनकुलांतकाय नमः Om Duryoodhanakulaantakaaya Namah
ॐ विदुराक्रूर वरदाय नमः Om Viduraakruura Varadaaya Namah
ॐ विश्वरूपप्रदर्शकाय नमः Om Vishvarupapradarshakaaya Namah
ॐ सत्यवाचे नमः Om Satyavaachee Namah
ॐ सत्य सङ्कल्पाय नमः Om Satya Samkalpaaya Namah
ॐ सत्यभामारताय नमः Om Satyabhaamaarataaya Namah
ॐ जयिने नमः Om Jayinee Namah
ॐ सुभद्रा पूर्वजाय नमः Om Subhadraa Purvajaaya Namah
ॐ विष्णवे नमः Om Vishhnavee Namah
ॐ भीष्ममुक्ति प्रदायकाय नमः Om Bhishhmamukti Pradaayakaaya Namah
ॐ जगद्गुरवे नमः Om Jagadguravee Namah
ॐ जगन्नाथाय नमः Om jagannaathaaya Namah
ॐ वेणुनाद विशारदाय नमः Om Venunaada Vishaaradaaya Namah
ॐ वृषभासुर विद्वंसिने नमः Om Vrushhabhaasura Vidvamsinee Namah
ॐ बाणासुर करांतकृते नमः Om Baanasura karaantakrutee Namah
ॐ युधिष्ठिर प्रतिष्ठात्रे नमः Om Yudhishhthira Pratishhthaatre Namah
ॐ बर्हिबर्हावतंसकाय नमः Om Barhibarhaavatamsakaaya Namah
ॐ पार्थसारथिये नमः Om Paarthasaarathiyee Namah
ॐ अव्यक्ताय नमः Om Avyaktaaya Namah
ॐ गीतामृत महोधदिये नमः Om Gitaamruta Mahoodhadiyee Namah
ॐ काळीय फणिमाणिक्य रञ्जित Om Kaaliya Phanimaanikya Ranjita
श्री पदांबुजाय नमः Shri Padaambujaaya Namah
ॐ दामोदराय नमः Om Daamodaraaya Namah
ॐ य़ज्ञभोक्त्रे नमः Om Yajnabhoktree Namah
ॐ दानवेंद्र विनाशकाय नमः Om Daanaveemdra Vinaashakaaya Namah
ॐ नारायणाय नमः Om Naaraayanaaya Namah
ॐ परब्रह्मणे नमः Om Parabrahmanee Namah
ॐ पन्नगाशन वाहनाय नमः Om Pannagaashana Vaahanaaya Namah
ॐ जलक्रीडा समासक्त गोपीवस्त्रापहारकाय नमः Om Jalakridaa Samaasakta Gopivastraapahaarakaaya Namah
ॐ पुण्यश्लोकाय नमः Om Punyashlokaaya Namah
ॐ तीर्थपादाय नमः Om Teerthapaadaaya Namah
ॐ वेदवेद्याय नमः Om Vedavedyaaya Namah
ॐ दयानिधये नमः Om Dayanidhayee Namah
ॐ सर्वदेवात्मकाय नमः Om Sarvadevaatmakaaya Namah
ॐ सर्वग्रहरुपिणे नमः Om Sarvagraharupine Namah
ॐ परात्पराय नमः Om Paraatparaaya Namah

Names in General Use

Name Meaning Name Meaning Name Meaning
Achala (अचल) Baby Achyuta (अच्युत) Infallible Avyukta Crystal clear one
Banke Bihari (बाँके बिहारि) corrupt form of Van Ke Vihari (वन के विहारि) which means one who loves to sport in the forests particularly Vrindavan Bihari (बिहारी) One who plays Bhaktavatsara One who uplifts his devotees
Brajesha (ब्रजेश) Lord of Braja Chakradhara (चक्रधर) the bearer of a discus (chakra) Damodara (दामोदर) the Lord when He was tied with a cord (dama) round His waist (udara)
Dinabandhu (दीनबंधु) Friend of the afflicted Dinanatha (दीननाथ) Refuge of destitutes Dwarakadisha (द्वारकाधीश) Lord of Dwaraka
Dwarakanatha (द्वारकानाथ) Lord of Dwaraka Ghanshyam (घनश्याम) Dark rain cloud complexioned one Giridhari (गिरिधारि) he who lifted a hill (Govardhana hill)
Gopala (गोपाल) cowherd; protector of cows (more accurately protector of life) Gopinatha (गोपीनाथ) Lord of the gopis, or cowherd women. Govinda (गोविंद) protector of cows; also connected with Govardhana hill; see also other meanings.
Govindaraja King of the cow protectors Guruvayurappan Lord of the Guruvayoor, the city of Guru Brihaspati and Vayu. Hari (हरि) one who takes away the sins, or who wards off samsara, the cycle of birth and death
Ishvara (ईश्वर) god Hrushikesha (हृषिकेश) "lord of the senses".[6] Jagannatha (जगन्नाथ) lord of all places (see also Juggernaut)
Janardana (जनार्दन) One Who Bestows Boons On One and All Kaladeva (कालदेव) the black deity Kalmashaheena the sinless one
Kanhaji or Kanhaiya (कान्हाजी , कन्हैया) Kanhaji(कान्हाजी) means that we are able to lean on Him, to share our burdens with Him and to be closer to Him." Keshava (केशव) long haired, beautiful haired; see also other meanings Madana Mohana (मदन मोहन) Bewilderer of Cupid (Madana)
Madhava (माधव) The one from the yadava race Madhusudanah killer of demon Madhu Manikantha (मणिकंठ ) Krishna used wear Kaustubh Mani. Hence he also is called Manikantha
Morari killer of the asura named Mora Mukhilan The one with the complexion similar to the rain clouds Mukunda (मुकुंद) He who gives liberation
Nandagopala (नंदगोपाल) Beloved cowherd Nandalal (नन्दलाल) Beloved of Nanda Panduranga The White Lord of Pandharpur
Parambrahman the highest Brahman Parameshvara the highest Ishvara, the highest god Parthasarathi (पर्थसारथि) charioteer of Partha, another name of Arjuna, a reference to his role with regard to Arjuna in the great battle
Patitapavana (पतितपवन) Purifier of the fallen Radhaavallabha (राधावल्लभ) lover of Radha Rajagopala King of Cowherds
Ranchhodrai One refused to fight the war and fled to Dwarka for the sake of peace. Shyamasundara Black and Beautiful Santhana The sweet child
SanathanaSarathy The eternal spiritual charioteer Shauri Descendent of Shurasena Vāsudeva, Krishna Vasudeva (वासुदेव, कृष्ण वासुदेव) son of Vasudeva
Yadhunandana Son of the Yadu dynasty Yogeshwara (योगेश्वर) the Lord of the Yogis Yashoda Nandana (यशोदा नंदन) child of Yashoda

See also

Notes

  1. Knott 2000, p. 56
  2. Knott 2000, p. 36, p. 15
  3. Richard Thompson, Ph.D. (December 1994). "Reflections on the Relation Between Religion and Modern Rationalism". Retrieved 2008-04-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  5. http://www.prapatti.com/slokas/telugu/krishnaashtottarashatanaamaavali.pdf
  6. Monier-Williams || "lord of the senses".

External links