List of wars by death toll

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This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war. These numbers usually include both the deaths of military personnel which are the direct results of battle or other military wartime actions, as well as the wartime/war-related deaths of civilians, which are the results of war-induced epidemics, diseases, famines, atrocities, genocide, etc.

List of wars by death toll with over 1,000,000 deaths

War Death
Range
Geometric
Mean
Date Location Notes
World War II 40,000,000–85,000,000 58,309,519 1939–1945 Worldwide see World War II casualties
Mongol conquests 40,000,000–70,000,000 52,915,026 1206–1324 Eurasia [1][2][3][4] – excludes the (up to) 200,000,000 deaths from the Black Death migration associated with the Mongol expansion
Taiping Rebellion 20,000,000–100,000,000 44,721,360 1850–1864 China [5][6] [7]
Three Kingdoms War 36,000,000–40,000,000 37,947,332 184–280 China [8][9][10]
Conquest of the Americas 8,400,000–137,750,000 34,016,173 1492–1691 Americas [11][12][13] See Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas. These death toll estimates vary due to lack of consensus as to the demographic size of the native population pre-Columbus, which some say might never be accurately determined.[14][15][15][16][17]
Qing dynasty conquest of Ming Dynasty 25,000,000 25,000,000 1616–1662 China [18]
Second Sino-Japanese War 20,000,000-25,000,000 22,500,000 1937–1945 China [19] – Part of World War II
Spanish conquest of Mexico 24,300,000 24,300,000 1519–1632 Mexico [20] – Part of Conquest of the Americas
An Lushan Rebellion 13,000,000–36,000,000 21,633,308 755–763 China and presently Northern Vietnam [21]
World War I/Great War 20,000,000 20,000,000 1914–1918 Worldwide see World War I casualties
Dungan Revolt 8,000,000–12,000,000 10,000,000 1862–1877 China
Conquests of Tamerlane 8,000,000–20,000,000 12,649,111 1370–1405 Eurasia [22][23]
Spanish conquest of Peru 8,400,000 8,400,000 1533–1620 Peru [20] – Part of Conquest of the Americas
Chinese Civil War 8,000,000 8,000,000 1927–1949 China [24]
Reconquista 7,000,000 7,000,000 711–1492 Iberian Peninsula
Russian Civil War and Foreign Intervention 5,000,000–9,000,000 6,708,204 1917–1922 Russia [25]
Thirty Years' War 3,000,000–11,500,000 5,873,670 1618–1648 Europe [26]
Indian Rebellion of 1857 800,000–10,000,000 5,400,000 1857-1858 India [27]
Auranzeb's campaign for Deccan 4,600,000 4,600,000 1658-1707 India [28]
Napoleonic Wars 3,500,000–6,000,000 4,582,576 1803–1815 Worldwide see Napoleonic Wars casualties
Second Congo War/Great War of Africa 2,500,000–5,400,000 3,674,235 1998–2003 Central Africa [29][30][31][32]
French Wars of Religion 2,000,000–4,000,000 2,828,427 1562–1598 France [33] – also known as Huguenot Wars
Time of troubles 2,000,000 2,000,000 1816–1828 Southern Africa [34]
Vietnam War/Second Indochina War 800,000–3,800,000 1,743,560 1955–1975 Vietnam [35][36][37]
Biafra War 1,000,000-3,000,000 1,732,051 1967–1970 Nigeria
Spanish conquest of Yucatán 1,460,000 1,460,000 1519–1595 North America [20] – Part of Conquest of the Americas
Mexican Revolution 1,000,000–2,000,000 1,414,214 1910–1920 Mexico [38]
War in Afghanistan 1,240,000–2,000,000 1978-present Afghanistan [39]
War on Terror 272,000–2,000,000 1,136,000 2001–present Greater Middle East [40][41][42][43]
Soviet war in Afghanistan 957,865–1,622,865 1,246,790 1979–1989 Afghanistan [44][45][46] – Part of War in Afghanistan
Korean War 1,200,000 1,200,000 1950–1953 Korea [47]
Seven Years' War 868,000–1,400,000 1,102,361 1756–1763 Worldwide [48][49]
Iran–Iraq War/First Persian Gulf War 1,000,000 1,000,000 1980–1988 Middle East [50]
Japanese invasions of Korea 1,000,000 1,000,000 1592–1598 Korea [51]
French Revolutionary Wars 1,000,000 1,000,000 1792–1802 Worldwide

List of wars by death toll with fewer than 1,000,000 deaths

Note that the below list is incomplete.

Charts and graphs

See also

References

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Further reading

External links