List of wildfires
This is a list of notable wildfires:
- 1987 – The Black Dragon fire burnt a total of 72,884 square kilometres (28,141 sq mi) of forest along the Amur river, with three million acres (4687.5 square miles) destroyed on the Chinese side.
Forest fires in Indonesia occur annually. When there is a weather pattern disturbance because of strong El Nino, the number and the distribution of forest fires in Indonesia increased significantly. When there is a weather pattern disturbance because of strong La Nina, the number and the distribution of forest fire in Indonesia decreased. An El Nino is usually followed by La Nina on the following year. The strength of disturbance is determined by Southern oscillation index. Large forest fire in Indonesia because of strong El Nino:
- 1982 and 1983 – Massive forest fires in Kalimantan and East Sumatra. 36,000 km2 (14,000 sq mi) of forest burned down. There are other forest fires in Java and Sulawesi on the same year.
- 1997 and 1998 – Unprecedented forest fires in Kalimantan and East Sumatra. 97,000 km2 (37,000 sq mi) of forest were destroyed, more than 2.6 gigatonnes of CO2 was released to the atmosphere. The underground smouldering fire on the peat bogs continue to burn and ignite new forest fire each year during dry season. There are other forest fires in Java and Sulawesi on the same year.
- Starting in June and ending in October 2015 - Huge forest fires that officials deemed as "too furious for human intervention" burned 52,000 hectares of land in Sumatra and 138,000 hectares in Kalimantan. The haze coevered countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, Burma, Philippines and also Vietnam. In Singapore some of the 2015 FINA Swimming World Cup's events on 3 October 2015 were cancelled as the PSI was in the 'Unhealthy' range. In Thailand the haze from Sumatra had turned most parts of southern Thailand such as Narathiwat, Pattani, Phuket, Satun, Songkhla, Surat Thani, Trang and Yala provinces unsightly, even reaching hazardous levels on 7 October. In Vietnamn, Ho Chi Minh City and other provinces in Southern Vietnam had been enveloped in fog since 4 October.
- April 27, 1971 – 340 hectares (840 acres) was lost in a forest fire at Kure, western Honshu, Japan. Construction workers were using fire in order to wither weeds when a strong wind moved through the area, fueling the fire; 18 firefighters were killed. The fire lasted for one day.
- The Mount Carmel forest fire in Israel, Started on December 2, 2010 and burned 41 km2 of forest, killing as many as 44 people, most of them Israel Prison Service officer cadets, when a bus evacuating them was trapped in flames.
- April 2000, Gangwon-do Gangneung the whole area is 2000 Gangwon Wildfire.
- March 2013, Gyeongsangbukdo Pohang is Wildfire.
- Black Thursday Bushfires of 1851 (Victoria)
- Black Friday Bushfires of 1939 (Victoria)
- Black Sunday Bushfires of 1955 (South Australia)
- 1961 Western Australian bushfires
- 1967 Tasmanian fires
- Ash Wednesday fires of 1980 and 1983 (Victoria and South Australia)
- 1994 Eastern seaboard fires
- Black Christmas (bushfires) 2001–2002
- Canberra bushfires of 2003
- Black Tuesday bushfires of 2005 (Eyre Peninsula South Australia)
- Mount Lubra bushfire of 2006
- Black Saturday bushfires of 2009. The deadliest bushfire event ever recorded in Australian history
- 2009 Mediterranean wildfires in France, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Turkey in July 2009
- 2007 Croatian coast fires, burning 1,590 km2 (610 sq mi)
- In the fire on the Lüneburg Heath in Lower Saxony in August 1975, 74.18 km2 (28.64 sq mi) of heathland burned, killing five firefighters.
- 2000 forest fires in Greece, a series of forest fires affected Greece including Agioi Theodoroi and eastern Corinthia at the beginning of July 2000
- 2005 East Attica Fire in Greece – Forest fires ravaged East Attica on July 28, 2005 from Agia Triada Rafinas to west of Rafina. The fires began at around 11:00 (EET/UTC+3) consuming 70 square kilometers of forests, properties and farmlands. The fire spread quickly after a few hours with winds of up to 55 to 70 km/h and spread near the suburban housings of Athens near Rafina causing dense smoke. The fire reached Kallitechnio and the settlements by around 3:30 (EET) and devastated homes leaving some people homeless and evacuated people in areas around Agia Triada Rafinas, Agia Kyriaki Rafinas, Kallitechnio, Loutsa, Neos Vourtzas and the Rafina area mostly on the hillside areas. Pine trees were devastated. Firefighters didn't put out the blaze until the winds calmed down around 5:00 (EET). It took hundreds of fire trucks, firefighters, planes, 65 firefighting helicopters from all over the surrounding areas and most of Greece to put out the blaze. A stretch of Marathonos Avenue became closed.
- July 29, 2005 – a day after the enormous Attica fire, another series of fires occurred throughout Greece, entirely in Preveza including Monolithi consuming properties and a campground, Ioannina and Xiromeni of Aetolia-Acarnania.
- 2007 Greek forest fires
- 2009 Greek forest fires
- 2012 Chios forest fire
Italy and France
- 2000 fires in Southern Europe in July 2000 consumed forests and buildings in southern France, parts of Iberia, Corsica, and most of Italy including the southern part during the heatwave dominating southern Europe with 40 to 45 °C temperatures caused the phenomena.
August 1949 The great forest fire of 1949 in the Landes Forest burning 50.000 ha of forest land and killing 82 people
- Kuźnia Raciborska fire in Poland burned 90.62 km² of forest and killed two firefighters on 26 August 1992. A third casualty is often mentioned, but she did not die in the fire; she was involved in a collision with a fire engine that skidded.
- August 2003 Wildfires, destroying 10% of Portuguese forests and killing 18 people
Russia and Soviet Union
- 1921 Mari wildfires
- August 1935 – Kursha-2 settlement was burned out with 1200 victims.
- June – August 2010 – Drought and the hottest summer since records began in 1890 caused many devastating forest fires in European Russia.
- April 2015 – A series of wildfires in Southern Siberia killed 26 people and left thousands homeless.
- July 17, 2005 – Guadalajara province, Spain, a 130 km2 forest fire and 11 dead firefighters. The fire brigade unit is not out of post because of this deadly toll. A barbecue sparked deadly blazes.
- May 2011 - Swinley Forest fire, Berkshire, England. Fire appliances from 12 counties attended over several days due to the large area of the fire. The fire service incident log for the call is over 500 pages long.
|1825||3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha)||Miramichi Fire||New Brunswick||Killed 160 people.|
|1853||482,000 acres (195,000 ha)||Yaquina Fire||Oregon|
|1865||1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha)||Silverton Fire||Oregon||Worst recorded fire in state's history.|
|1870||964,000 acres (390,000 ha)||Saguenay Fire||Quebec|
|1871||1,200,000 acres (490,000 ha)||Peshtigo Fire||Wisconsin||Killed over 1,700 people and has distinction of the conflagration that caused the most deaths by fire in United States history. It was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.|
|1871||2,500,000 acres (1,000,000 ha)||The Great Michigan Fire||Michigan||It was overshadowed by the Great Chicago Fire that occurred on the same day.|
|1876||500,000 acres (200,000 ha)||Bighorn Fire||Wyoming|
|1881||1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha)||Thumb Fire||Michigan||Killed 200+ people|
|1889||300,000 acres (120,000 ha)||Santiago Canyon Fire of 1889||California|
|1894||160,000 acres (65,000 ha)||Hinckley Fire||Minnesota||Killed 418 people and destroyed 12 towns|
|1903||464,000 acres (188,000 ha)||Adirondack Fire||New York|
|1910||3,000,000 acres (1,200,000 ha)||Great Fire of 1910||Idaho-
|Killed 86 people, including 78 firefighters|
|1911||500,000 acres (200,000 ha)||Great Porcupine Fire||Ontario||Killed 73 people|
|1916||500,000 acres (200,000 ha)||Great Matheson Fire||Ontario||Killed 228 (U.O. 400+) people and destroyed several towns, Cochrane burnt again after just five years.|
|1918||100,000 acres (40,000 ha)||Cloquet Fire||Minnesota-
|Killed between 400 and 500 people|
|1922||415,000 acres (168,000 ha)||Great Fire of 1922||Ontario||Killed 43 people and burnt through 18 townships in the Timiskaming District|
|1947||175,000 acres (71,000 ha)||The Great Fires of 1947||Maine||A series of fires that lasted ten days; 16 people killed|
|1948||645,000 acres (261,000 ha)||Mississagi/Chapleau fire||Ontario|
|1949||4,500 acres (1,800 ha)||Mann Gulch fire||Montana||Killed 13 firefighters|
|1950||3,500,000 acres (1,400,000 ha)||Chinchaga fire||British Columbia and Alberta||Largest North American fire on record. The B.C. portion was just 90,000 ha.|
|1953||1,300 acres (530 ha)||Rattlesnake Fire||California||Killed 15 firefighters. Well known textbook case used to train firefighters.|
|1958||558,260 acres (225,920 ha)||Kech Fire||British Columbia||Largest wildfire in BC history.|
|1961||16,090 acres (6,510 ha)||Bel Air Fire||California||484 homes destroyed and ~112 injuries.|
|1970||175,425 acres (70,992 ha)||Laguna Fire||California||382 homes destroyed and 8 people killed.|
|1985||93,000 acres (38,000 ha)||Allen Fire||North Carolina||In 1985, nearly 93,000 acres of forest, wetlands and farmland burned in northeastern North Carolina in one of the biggest fires in modern state history|
|1987||650,000 acres (260,000 ha)||Siege of 1987||California-Oregon||These fires were started by a large lightning storm in late August. The storm started roughly 1600 new fires, most caused by dry lightning.|
|1988||793,880 acres (321,270 ha)||Yellowstone fires of 1988||Wyoming-
|Never controlled by firefighters; only burned out when a snowstorm hit.|
|1991||1,520 acres (620 ha)||Oakland Hills firestorm||California||Killed 25 and destroyed 3469 homes and apartments within the cities of Oakland and Berkeley|
|1993||14,337 acres (5,802 ha)||Laguna Beach Fire||California||Destroyed 441 homes, burned 14,337 acres causing $528,000,000 in damage.|
|1994||2,115 acres (856 ha)||South Canyon fire||Colorado||Killed 14 firefighters|
|1998||506,000 acres (205,000 ha)||1998 Florida wildfires||Florida||4899 fires, burned 342 homes, $390 million timber lost.|
|2000||48,000 acres (19,000 ha)||Cerro Grande Fire||New Mexico||Burned about 420 dwellings in Los Alamos, New Mexico, damaged >100 buildings at Los Alamos National Laboratory; $1 billion damage, second worst fire in state's recorded history|
|2001||9,300 acres (3,800 ha)||Thirty Mile Fire||Washington||Killed 4 firefighters|
|2002||150,700 acres (61,000 ha)||McNally Fire||California||Largest fire in Sequoia NF history.|
|2002||467,066 acres (189,015 ha)||Rodeo-Chediski fire||Arizona||Threatened, but did not burn the town of Show Low, Arizona|
|2002||137,760 acres (55,750 ha)||Hayman Fire in Pike National Forest||Colorado||5 firefighter deaths, 600 structures fires|
|2002||499,750 acres (202,240 ha)||Florence/Sour Biscuit Complex Fire||Oregon||150 million dollars to suppress.|
|2003||84,750 acres (34,300 ha)||Aspen Fire||Arizona||Destroyed large portions of Summerhaven, Arizona|
|2003||61,776 acres (25,000 ha)||Okanagan Mountain Park Fire||British Columbia||Displaced 45,000 inhabitants, destroyed 239 homes and threatened urbanized sections of Kelowna.|
|2003||91,281 acres (36,940 ha)||Old Fire||California||993 homes destroyed, 6 deaths. Simultaneous with the Cedar Fire.|
|2003||280,278 acres (113,424 ha)||Cedar Fire||California||Largest recorded fire in California history (see 1889 Santiago Canyon fire that may have been larger); burned 2,232 homes and killed 15 in San Diego County.|
|2004||1,305,592 acres (528,354 ha)||Taylor Complex Fire||Alaska||Largest wildfire by acreage of 1997–2007 time period|
|2006||40,200 acres (16,300 ha)||Esperanza Fire||California||Arson-caused wildfire that killed 5 firefighters and destroyed 34 homes and 20 outbuildings.|
|2007||564,450 acres (228,420 ha)||Sweat Farm Road/Big Turnaround Complex Fire||Georgia||Largest recorded fire in Georgia history. 26 structures were lost.|
|2007||124,584 acres (50,417 ha)||Florida Bugaboo Fire||Florida||Largest fire on record in Florida.|
|2007||363,052 acres (146,922 ha)||Milford Flat Fire||Utah||Largest fire on record in Utah.|
|2007||653,100 acres (264,300 ha)||Murphy Complex Fire||Idaho – Nevada|
|2007||127,244 acres (51,494 ha)||California wildfires of October 2007||California||A series of wildfires that killed 9 people and injured 85 (including 61 firefighters). Burned at least 1,500 homes from the Santa Barbara County to the U.S.–Mexico border.|
|2008||41,534 acres (16,808 ha)||Evans Road Wildfire||Eastern North Carolina||Peat fire started on June 1 by lighting strike during North Carolina's drought – the worst on record.|
|2008||1,557,293 acres (630,214 ha)||Summer 2008 California wildfires||California||In Northern California, the fires were mostly started by lightning. In Santa Barbara (Southern California), the Gap fire endangered homes and lives. The Basin Complex and Gap fire were the highest priority fires in the state at this time.|
|2009||164,500 acres (66,600 ha)||Brittany Triangle Fire||British Columbia||Also known as the Lava Canyon fire this was the largest fire in BC in 2009. Started July 31 by lighting this fire made news when it threatened wild horse population.|
|2010||98,842 acres (40,000 ha)||Binta Lake Fire||British Columbia||BC's largest blaze of 2010, resulted in evacuation orders and alerts. Burned 70,000 acres in a 12 hour period.|
|2011||538,049 acres (217,741 ha)||Wallow Fire||Arizona & New Mexico||The largest fire in Arizona state history. In one 24-hour burn period (6/6-6/7), it consumed 77769 acres of forest land.|
|2011||34,000 acres (14,000 ha)||Bastrop County Complex fire||Texas||The worst fire in Texas state history,destroyed over 1500 homes|
|2011||1,748,636 acres (707,648 ha)||Richardson Backcountry Fire||Alberta||Started early in the spring of 2011, as of October 2011 the fire was over 700,000 Ha in size and still burning.|
|2011||156,293 acres (63,250 ha)||Las Conchas Fire||New Mexico||Second largest fire in New Mexico state history. 63 homes lost. Threatened Los Alamos National Laboratory.|
|2011||12,000 acres (4,900 ha)||Slave Lake Wildfire||Alberta||Burned through Slave Lake, Alberta, Canada and its surrounding area from May 14, 2011 through May 16, 2011. The fire destroyed roughly one-third of Slave Lake and cost $1.8 billion.|
|2012||289,478 acres (117,148 ha)||Whitewater-Baldy Complex Fire||New Mexico||Largest wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Gila Wilderness as two separate fires that converged, both started by lightning. Destroyed 12 homes in Willow Creek, NM.|
|2012||44,330 acres (17,940 ha)||Little Bear Fire||New Mexico||Most destructive wildfire in New Mexico state history. Began in the Lincoln National Forest and was started by lightning.|
|2012||87,284 acres (35,323 ha)||High Park Fire||Colorado||Started by lightning, it is the second largest wildfire in Colorado state history by size.|
|2012||18,247 acres (7,384 ha)||Waldo Canyon Fire||Colorado||With 346 homes destroyed homes, it is the second most destructive fire in state history. Two fatalities reported.|
|2012||248,000 acres (100,000 ha)||Ash Creek Fire||Montana|
|2012||719,694 acres (291,250 ha)||Long Draw Fire and Miller Homestead Fire||Oregon||Oregon's largest fire in 150 years.|
|2012||332,000 acres (134,000 ha)||Mustang Complex Wildfire||Idaho|||
|2013||14,198 acres (5,746 ha)||Black Forest Fire||Colorado||North of Colorado Springs, Large, fast-spreading fire due to dry conditions, high heat and restless winds. Destroyed 509 homes and left 17 homes partially damaged. As of June 13, 2013 it became the most destructive fire in Colorado state history.|
|2013||3,218 acres (1,302 ha)||Royal Gorge Fire||Colorado|| Jumped Royal Gorge and damaged the Royal Gorge Bridge.|
|2013||1,300 acres (530 ha)||Yarnell Hill Fire||Arizona||19 firefighters killed on June 30, 2013.|
|2013||617,763 acres (250,000 ha)||Quebec Fire||Quebec||Over 300 evacuated.|
|2013||253,332 acres (102,520 ha)||Rim Fire||California||Occurred in Yosemite National Park. Biggest wildfire on record in the Sierra Nevada, and third largest wildfire in California history. Started August 17, 2013 and was contained on October 24, 2013.|
|2014||252,000 acres (102,000 ha)||Carlton Complex Fire||Washington||Consuming 300 homes between July 14 and July, 2014, this was the largest single wildfire in Washington state history. (Of the 3,000,000 acres Great Fire of 1910, only 150,000 acres were in Washington.)|
|2014||328,892 acres (133,098 ha)||Chelaslie River Fire||British Columbia||Largest wildfire in BC since 1982. Started July 8 and was still burning aggressively as of August 31. Fully contained by October 9.|
|2015||205,605 acres (83,205 ha)||North Star Fire||Washington||Third largest single fire in Washington state history. It nearly merged with the Okanogan Complex |
|2015||302,224 acres (122,306 ha)||Okanogan Complex||Washington||The largest wildfire complex in Washington state history.|
|2015||70,906 acres (28,695 ha)||Bear Creek Fire||Montana||Largest fire in Bob Marshall Wilderness history. Never fully human controlled and only burned out when a large rainstorm/snowstorm hit.|
|2015||73,700 acres (29,800 ha)||Valley Fire||California||Still burning.|
- 2005 Torres del Paine fire
- 2002 forest fire in Bolivia
- 2010 Bolivia forest fires
- 2011–2012 Torres del Paine fire
- 2014 Valparaíso wildfire
- The Breath of the Black Dragon in Russia and China, The New York Times (October 1, 1988)
- Anna Smolchenko (14 April 2015). "Huge Siberia wildfires kill 26". Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
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- McGrath, Gareth (June 16, 2008). "Big blaze in Holly Shelter inevitable, officials say". Wilmington Star News. Retrieved 08/02/2011. Check date values in:
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- "Laguna Beach Fire: One of the 20 Largest Fires Losses in U.S. History". 27 October 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "Experts don't expect a repeat of Florida's disastrous 1998 wildfire season - USATODAY.com". Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "Dead cattle, devastation in wake of Western fires". The Big Story. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "Idaho wildfire roars through former uranium mine site". Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- Gorski, Eric (June 17, 2013). "Black Forest fire near Colorado Springs at 75 % containment". Denver Post.
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- CBC News http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/story/2013/07/02/north-forest-fire-threat-eastmain-quebec.html. Missing or empty
- "RIM FIRE UPDATE". Facebook. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- ":Carlton Complex Fire". Retrieved 3 Aug 2014.
- "Crews Make Progress Controlling Largest Fire In Washington State's History". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "Bear Creek Fire". InciWeb. Retrieved September 15, 2015.