Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa

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Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa
لجبهة ثوار الرقة
Jabhat Thūwwār ar-Raqqah

Participant in Syrian Civil War
150px
Logo of Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa
Flag of Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa.svg
Flag of Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa
Active September 2012 – Present
Groups Katibat Ahrar Raqqa[1]
Leaders Abu Diab  [2]
Abu Issa[3]
Abu Saif[4]
Abu Dahash[5]
Area of operations Raqqa Governorate, Syria[6]
Aleppo Governorate, Syria[4]
Strength +800 [7]
Part of Free Syrian Army[8]
Euphrates Volcano[9]
Flag of Syrian Democratic Forces.svg Syrian Democratic Forces
Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa (former-they continue to use the name)
Originated as Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa
Allies
Opponents
Battles and wars Syrian Civil War
Website {{#property:P856}}

Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa (Arabic: لواء ثوار الرقة‎, translit. Jabhat Thūwwār ar-Raqqah‎), or the Front of Raqqa Revolutionaries, is a rebel group that has been active during the Syrian civil war.[14]

It was formed in Raqqa Governorate in September 2012 under its original name Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa (Arabic: لواء ثوار الرقة‎, translit. Liwā' Thūwwār ar-Raqqah, lit. 'Raqqa Revolutionaries' Brigade'‎.[15] Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa wants Syria to become an undivided civil democratic state.[15]

Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa

Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa was allied with Jabhat al-Nusra in Raqqa city for a while in late 2013, but by January 2014 it had broken away from Jabhat al-Nusra and itself led the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in the city.[6][15] After ISIL expelled Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa and other rebel groups from Raqqa city, Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa moved into the Raqqa Governorate countryside and allied itself with the Kurdish YPG.[15] In July 2014 the faction and 10 other groups threatened to leave Aleppo and Raqqa governorates if they were not aided by other rebels to fight ISIL.[16] In September 2014 Liwa Thwwar al-Raqqa joined the Euphrates Volcano joint operations room.[15] In 2015, it participated in the YPG offensive towards the Syrian border city of Tell Abyad. In June, fighters from Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa were seen hoisting the Syrian rebel flag near the Turkish border, whilst the group was also fighting ISIL in the southern city of Ayn Issa, on the road to Raqqa itself. Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa was able to grow considerably in size because of the influx of both rebels from Turkey and locals who wanted to fight ISIL. The current size of the brigade is unknown, but numbers in the hundreds. In October 2015, the group stated it received military equipment from the United States in order to fight ISIL north of Raqqa. It has stated it intends to capture the city of Raqqa from ISIL.[17]

Reorganisation under the SDF banner

In November 2015, the group merged with Tribes' Army of Tell Abyad to form Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa which became part of a greater coalition in northern Syria. However tensions between the Kurdish and Arab factions of the group grew after alleged Kurdish atrocities against the Arab populations of northern Syria. In response the Kurds with their Arab allies blockaded the region held by Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa, after ISIS attacks increased from the region held by Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa, which became susceptible to an Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant attack in late December 2015. On 6 January 2016, the group issued a statement claiming it was disbanding as a consequence of the blockade, although the cause of the disbandment has been disputed.[18] After the disbandment they continued to use the Jabhat Thuwar al-Raqqa name. In late 2015, the group reappeared, announcing it had decided to join Syrian Democratic Forces.[19]

On 20 October 2016, Thuwar al-Raqqa established an all-female battalion named "Katibat Haraier Raqqa".[1]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Antonopoulos, Paul (20 October 2016). "Video: Thuwar Raqqa announce a women's battalion to fight ISIS". al-Masdar News.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Leader of Raqqa Rebels brigade killed". ARA News. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Islamic State foiled in attempt to kidnap Syrian rebel leader in Turkey". The Guardian. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "FSA fighting alongside Kobane Kurds". NOW. 9 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Kobane battles reunified Kurds and Arabs: Rebel leader". ARA News. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 Simon, Alex (5 March 2014). "Al-Tamimi: ISIS claiming control in Yarmouk 'publicity stunt'". Syria Direct. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/syrian-kurds-look-take-raqqa-new-arab-force-allies-1064765056
  8. "Syria's Raqqa in turmoil as violence increases". ARA News. 18 April 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "YPG and FSA form a joint military chamber to combat ISIS in Syria". ARA News. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. https://twitter.com/sayed_ridha/status/771972744774717440
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Syria rebels struggle for control over ISIL-held Raqqa". ARA News. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "A new dialogue and collaboration in northern Syria between kurds and rebels". The Arab Chronicle. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "#Syria: Liwa Thuwar #Raqqa (#FSA) rebels driving through Tall Abyad today, being cheered on by residents who stayed". Live UA Map. 16 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (29 April 2014). "Key updates on Albukamal (Abu Kamal)". Brown Moses Blog. Retrieved 21 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad (14 September 2015). "Liwa Thuwar al-Raqqa: History, analysis & interview". Syria Comment. Retrieved 16 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Rebels demand help as fighting rages against ISIS in Ghouta". The Daily Star. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "FSA spokesman confirms aid for 'decisive battle to liberate Raqqa'". Syria Direct. Missing or empty |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. syriadirect.org/news/tribes%E2%80%99-army-disbands-in-north-amidst-accusations-of-ypg-blockade/
  19. "Ultimele stiri si informatii despre Liwa Thuwwar Al Raqqa". www.disperat.ro. Retrieved 17 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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