Louis the Stammerer

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Louis the Stammerer
King of Western Francia
Sacre Louis2 France 02.jpg
14th-century depiction of Louis's coronation
Reign 877–879
Coronation 8 December 877 in Compiègne
Predecessor Charles II
Successor Louis III and Carloman II
Born (846-11-01)1 November 846
Died 10 April 879(879-04-10) (aged 32)
Burial Saint-Corneille Abbey, Compiègne, France,
Spouse Ansgarde of Burgundy
Adelaide of Paris
Issue Louis III of France
Carloman II
Hildegarde of France
Gisela of France
Ermentrude of France
Charles the Simple
House Carolingian
Father Charles the Bald
Mother Ermentrude of Orléans

Louis the Stammerer (French: Louis le Bègue) (1 November 846 – 10 April 879) was the King of Aquitaine and later King of West Francia. He was the eldest son of Charles the Bald and Ermentrude of Orléans. During the peace negotiations between his father and Erispoe of Brittany, Louis was betrothed to an unnamed daughter of Erispoe in 856. It is not known if this was the same daughter who later married Gurivant. The contract was broken in 857 upon Erispoe's murder.

He succeeded his younger brother in Aquitaine in 866 and his father in West Francia in 877, though he was never crowned Emperor. In the French monarchial system, he is considered Louis II.

Denier of Louis II

Twice married, he and his first wife, Ansgarde of Burgundy, had two sons: Louis (born in 863) and Carloman (born in 866),[1] both of whom became kings of France, and two daughters: Hildegarde (born in 864) and Gisela (865–884).

With his second wife, Adelaide of Paris, he had one daughter, Ermentrude (875–914) and a posthumous son, Charles the Simple,[1] who would become, long after his elder brothers' deaths, king of France.

He was crowned on 8 October 877 by Hincmar, archbishop of Reims, at Compiegne[1] and was crowned a second time in September 878 by Pope John VIII at Troyes while the pope was attending a council there. The pope may even have offered the imperial crown, but it was declined. Louis the Stammerer was said to be physically weak and outlived his father by only two years. He had relatively little impact on politics. He was described "a simple and sweet man, a lover of peace, justice, and religion". In 878, he gave the counties of Barcelona, Girona, and Besalú to Wilfred the Hairy. His final act was to march against the Vikings who were then the scourge of Europe. He fell ill and died on 9 April or 10 April 879 not long after beginning his final campaign. On his death, his realms were divided between his two sons, Carloman and Louis.



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Rosamond McKitterick, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, (Pearson Education Limited, 1999), 258.


  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Louis the Stammerer
Born: 1 November 846 Died: 10 April 879
Preceded by
Charles the Child
King of Aquitaine
Title next held by
Ranulf II
Preceded by
Charles the Bald
King of Neustria
Succeeded by
Louis III
King of Western Francia
Succeeded by
Louis III and Carloman
New title Count of Meaux
Succeeded by