Luchino Visconti (died 1349)

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Luchino Visconti
Lord of Milan and Pavia
Luchino Visconti
Coat of arms 65px
Spouse Violante of Saluzzo
Caterina Spinola
Isabella Fieschi
Noble family House of Visconti
Father Matteo I Visconti
Mother Bonacossa Borri
Born 1287 or 1292
Died January 24, 1349
Occupation Condottiero
Podestà of Vigevano

Luchino Visconti (also spelled Lucchino, 1287 or 1292 – January 24, 1349) was lord of Milan from 1339 to 1349.[1] He was also a condottiero,[2] and lord of Pavia.[3][4]

Biography

Ruler of Pavia from 1315,[3] five years later he was podestà of Vigevano, where he erected the castle that is still visible. In 1323, along with all his family, he was excommunicated with the charge of heresy. The charges of heresy and excommunication were later withdrawn[5] and he became a Papal Vicar in 1341.[3]

He co-ruled in Milan with his nephew Azzone Visconti and his brother Giovanni, until Azzones's death in 1339. He also took part in the victorious battle of Parabiago against his other nephew, Lodrisio, who had set a mercenary army to capture Milan.

With an army of mercenaries from northern Europe, which he entrusted to the sons of his brother Stefano, he expanded the duchy, capturing Pisa and buying Parma from Obizzo III d'Este.

Luchino Visconti was a patron of both music[6] and literature, having invited Petrarch to Milan.[7]

He married three times: to Violante of Saluzzo, daughter of Thomas I of Saluzzo, then to Caterina Spinola, daughter of Obizzo Spinola, and, in 1349, to Isabella Fieschi, niece of Pope Adrian V, who gave Luchino Visconti his sole legitimate son, Luchino Novello, although others of the Visconti later disputed his parentage.[8] He was a capable military commander and lord, but was also famous for his cruel behaviour.[5] In January 1349 he discovered Isabella's unfaithful behaviour, and announced for her a terrible punishment. A few days later he was found poisoned, the people soon nicknaming his wife Isabella del veleno ("Isabella of poison").

He was succeeded by his nephews Bernabò, Galeazzo and Matteo II, whom he had exiled from Milan in 1346.[2] The infidelities of Isabella were used by him and his relatives to oust Luchino Novello from the heritage.

References

  1. Tolfo, Maria Grazia; Colussi, Paolo (February 7, 2006). "Storia di Milano ::: I Visconti:". Storia di Milano (in Italian). Milano: Storiadimilano. Retrieved August 25, 2010. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Marek, Miroslav (January 19, 2005). "Visconti 2". Genealogy.Eu. Retrieved September 13, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  5. 5.0 5.1 Public Domain Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Visconti". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 128. Retrieved 2010-09-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> "LUCCHINO made peace with the church in 1341, bought Parma from Obizzo d'Este and made Pisa dependent on Milan. Although he showed ability as general and governor, he was jealous and cruel, and was poisoned in 1349 by his wife Isabel Fieschi"
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Preceded by
Azzone Visconti
Lord of Milan
1339–1349
Succeeded by
Giovanni Visconti