Luis Coloma

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Luis Coloma

Luis Coloma Roldán (9 January 1851 – 14 April 1914) was a Spanish priest and author known for creating the character Ratoncito Pérez.[1] Coloma was also a prolific writer of short stories and his complete works, which includes his novels, biographies, and other works, have since been collected in a multi-volume set.[2]

Biography

Coloma was born in Jerez de la Frontera in 1851. He studied at the University of Seville, where he graduated with a Master's degree in law, although he never got to practice law. In 1908 Coloma became a member of the Real Academia.

He died in Madrid in 1914.

Pequeñeces

In 1880 Coloma began work on Pequeñeces on behalf of the Society of Jesus.[3] The work is a political satire of the high Madrid society in the years previous to the Bourbon Restoration, and is considered to be one of his more well known works.[4] This work has received much criticism, as some felt that it was overly pessimistic and "too narrowly bigoted in tone to have any lasting vogue".[5][6]

Coloma promoted literature but was critical of novels in general, as he felt that they gave an overly idealized portrayal of human life and sentimentalized religion.[3][4] In his later years Coloma only published biographies and writings of a historical nature, such as Jeromín, which focused on Don Juan de Austria.

Adaptations

Several of Coloma's works have been adapted into film and for television. Boy has been adapted into a feature film twice, once in 1926 and again in 1940. Pequeñeces was adapted into a 1971 television series as well as a 1976 film.

Works

  • Solaces de un estudiante (1871)
  • Lecturas recreativas (1884)
  • Pequeñeces (Trivialities) (1890-1891) in El Mensajero del Corazón de Jesús[7]
  • Cuentos para niños (1890) in El Mensajero del Corazón de Jesús
  • Retratos de antaño (1895)
  • Boy (1895-1896)
  • La reina mártir (1898), biography of María Estuardo
  • Jeromín (1902), novel about the life of Juan de Austria
  • El marqués de Mora (1903)
  • Recuerdos de Fernán Caballero (1910)
  • Fray Francisco (1911), biography of Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros
  • Complete Works, Madrid: Editorial Reason and Faith (1942), 19 vols. 2 novels, 41 short stories, 6 historical biographies, academic discourse and two religious books.

References

  1. "Google homenajea con un "doodle" a Luis Coloma, padre del Ratoncito Pérez". ABC.es. Retrieved 31 January 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Germán Bleiberg, Maureen Ihrie, Janet Pérez (1993). Dictionary of the Literature of the Iberian Peninsula, Volume 1. Greenwood Press. pp. 420, 421, 585. ISBN 0313287317.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Mariano Baquero Goyanes, Ana Luisa Baquero Escudero (1992). El cuento español: del romanticismo al realismo. Consejo Superior De Investigaciones. pp. 79–86. ISBN 8400072138.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Valis, Noël Maureen (2010). Sacred Realism: Religion and the Imagination in Modern Spanish Narrative. Yale University Press. pp. 9, 23. ISBN 0300152345.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Richard Eugene Chandler, Kessel Schwartz (1991). A New History of Spanish Literature. Louisiana State University Press. p. 147. ISBN 0807117358.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Higgin, L (1902). Spanish Life in Town and Country, Including Portuguese Life in Town and Country. Cosimo Classics (reprint). p. 252. ISBN 1596058676.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Maurice Hemingway, Anthony Hedley Clark (1999). A Further Range: Studies in Modern Spanish Literature from Galdós to Unamuno. University of Exeter Press. pp. 205–218. ISBN 0859895750.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Flynn, Gerard (1987). Luis Coloma. Boston: Twayne Publishers. ISBN 0805766472.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Zimmern, Helen (1893). "A Novel By a Jesuit Father". Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. CLIV (933): 49–63.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links