Luna County, New Mexico

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Luna County, New Mexico
Luna County New Mexico Court House.jpg
Luna County Courthouse in Deming
Map of New Mexico highlighting Luna County
Location in the U.S. state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded March 16, 1901
Seat Deming
Largest city Deming
 • Total 2,965 sq mi (7,679 km2)
 • Land 2,965 sq mi (7,679 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.0%
 • (2010) 25,095
 • Density 8.5/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6

Luna County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,095.[1] Its county seat is Deming.[2] This county abuts the Mexican border.

Luna County comprises the Deming, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area.


Before dawn on March 16, 1916, Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa led several hundred of his rebel soldiers across the Mexican border into the southern county village of Columbus. The invaders raided and burned much of the town, causing many residents to flee to the desert. Although the raid completely surprised everyone in the town, it also awakened 350 United States Army soldiers at Camp Furlong at the edge of town, who defended the town with two machine guns. The fighting continued until dawn, when Villa fled back across the Mexican border, five hours after invading and approximately ninety minutes after attacking the town. Despite the U.S. Army's counter "Mexican Expedition" into Mexico, Villa was never caught; he died seven years later at the hands of an assassin.

Eighteen Columbus residents and U.S. soldiers were killed in the raid, while approximately seventy-five of Villa's soldiers were killed. This raid was the last invasion of American territory until the Japanese invasion of Attu Island during World War II.

Today, Pancho Villa State Park is located in the village of Columbus. It features beautiful cacti and the ruins of "the U.S. Army's first greaserack".


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,965 square miles (7,680 km2), virtually all of which is land.[3] The bulk of the county is flat lowland, either grassland or desert scrub, but it also contains three mountain ranges: Cooke's Range in the north, the Florida Mountains on the southeastern side of Deming near the center of the county, and the Tres Hermanas Mountains in the southern part of the county near Columbus.

Adjacent counties and municipio


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 3,913
1920 12,270 213.6%
1930 6,247 −49.1%
1940 6,457 3.4%
1950 8,753 35.6%
1960 9,839 12.4%
1970 11,706 19.0%
1980 15,585 33.1%
1990 18,110 16.2%
2000 25,016 38.1%
2010 25,095 0.3%
Est. 2014 24,673 [4] −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]


According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the population of Luna County consisted of the following ethnicities:

Median Age was 39.5. The American Community Survey estimates that 15.9% of the population is foreign-born & 46.1% were born in New Mexico.


As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 25,016 people, 9,397 households, and 6,596 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 11,291 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.30% White, 0.94% Black or African American, 1.11% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 20.23% from other races, and 3.08% from two or more races. 57.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,397 households out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $20,784, and the median income for a family was $24,252. Males had a median income of $25,008 versus $16,883 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,218. About 27.20% of families and 32.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.80% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over.


Residents are zoned to Deming Public Schools.




Census-designated places

Ghost towns

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 29, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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