Luo Wenzao

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The Most Reverend
Luō Wénzǎo [1]
Bishop of Nanjing
Church Catholic Church
Archdiocese Nanking
In office 1685 — 1691 (as bishop)
Predecessor Most Rev. Ignace Cotolendi
Successor Most Rev. Alessandro Ciceri
Ordination 1654
Consecration 1685
by Bishop Bernardino della Chiesa, O.F.M.
Personal details
Born 1616
Fu'an, Fujian Province, China
Died 1691-02-27
Previous post Titular bishop of Basilinopolis

Luo Wenzao (alternately: Lou Wenzao, Lo Wen-Tsao, Lo Wenzao, simplified Chinese: 罗文藻; traditional Chinese: 羅文藻; pinyin: Luō Wénzǎo) (1616–1691) became the first Chinese priest in 1656 and the first Chinese Bishop in 1685.[2] He was also known as Gregory Lopez (Spanish: Gregorio Lopez) in the Philippines.


Luo Wenzao was born in Fu'an, in the province of Fujian. In 1633 Wenzao was baptized and converted to Catholicism. After studying theology in Manila, he returned to Xiamen. He was ordained to the priesthood in 1654 and thereafter baptized over two thousand converts. [3] In 1673, Pope Clement X made him Bishop but he refused. Then in 1679 Pope Innocent XI appointed him a second time and he was forced to accept. After his consecration in 1685, the provinces Jiangsu, Anhui, Shangdong, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi and Henan were under him. It has been argued that Christianity in China was transformed due to his presence as a missionary and pastor.[4] He is the namesake of Wenzao Ursuline College of Languages in Taiwan.


  1. "Bishop Gregory Lou Wen-tsao, O.P." The Hierarchy of the Catholic Church.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Anderson, Gerard A. (1998). "Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions". Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Yan, Keijia. "Chapter One: Catholic Church in China in the Ming and Qing Dynasties". Catholic Church in China (中国天主教英). Chen, Shujie (trans.). 五洲传播出版社. p. 37. ISBN 9787508505992. External link in |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Miguel Angel San Roman (2001). "Luo Wenzao: A unique role in the seventeenth century church of China". In Ku, Wei-ying (ed.). Missionary approaches and linguistics in mainland China and Taiwan. Leuven: Leuven University Press. ISBN 9789058671615.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links