||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
|Port of registry:|
|Builder:||Götaverken, Gothenburg, Sweden|
|Launched:||9 September 1946|
|Christened:||9 September 1946|
|Acquired:||7 February 1948|
|In service:||21 February 1948|
|General characteristics (as built)|
|Length:||160.08 m (525 ft 2 in)|
|Beam:||21.04 m (69 ft 0 in)|
|Draught:||7.90 m (25 ft 11 in)|
|Speed:||17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph)|
|General characteristics (currently)|
|Speed:||19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)|
MS Astoria is a cruise ship operated by Cruise & Maritime Voyages. She was ordered in 1944, and launched 9 September 1946, as the Stockholm by Götaverken in Gothenburg for the Swedish America Line (SAL). During her almost seven decades of service she has passed through several owners and sailed under the names Völkerfreundschaft, Volker, Fridtjof Nansen, Italia I, Italia Prima, Valtur Prima, Caribe, Athena, and Azores before beginning service as the Astoria in the summer of 2015.
As Stockholm, she was best known for colliding with the Andrea Doria in 1956, resulting in the sinking of the latter ship.
At 525 feet (160.02 m) with a gross register tonnage of 12,165 register tons, Stockholm was the smallest passenger ship operating on the North Atlantic route at the time. However, she was the largest passenger ship built in Sweden at the time. Originally designed to carry 395 people, a 1953 refit expanded Stockholm's capacity to 548 people.
Collision with Andrea Doria
On the night of July 25, 1956, at 11:10 pm, in heavy fog in the North Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Nantucket, the Stockholm and the Andrea Doria of the Italian Line collided in what was to become one of history's most notorious maritime disasters.
Although most passengers and crew survived the collision, the larger Andrea Doria luxury liner capsized and sank the following morning. Owing to the collision, 50% of the Andrea Doria's lifeboats were unusable. However, a number of ships responded and provided assistance, which averted a massive loss of life.
Five crewmembers on the Stockholm were killed instantly and several more were trapped in the wrecked bow. Despite its having sunk about 3 ft (0.9 m), the crippled Stockholm helped in the rescue and ended up carrying 327 passengers and 245 crewmembers from the Andrea Doria, in addition to her own passengers and crew. After Andrea Doria sank, Stockholm sailed to New York City under her own power and arrived on July 27. The crushed bow portion was repaired at a cost of US$1 million three months later.
History after the collision
On 3 January 1960, the Stockholm was sold to the East German government, which renamed the ship Völkerfreundschaft and operated her as an ocean liner until 1985. In 1985, she was transferred to a Panamanian company, Neptunas Rex Enterprises. Her name was reduced to Volker, and by the end of the year, she was laid up in Southampton, England. She was later used as a barracks ship in Oslo for asylum seekers in Norway under the name Fridtjof Nansen.
The Stockholm was sold to Italian interests in 1989 and towed to Genoa, the Andrea Doria's home port. When she first arrived, the press called the Stockholm the "ship of death" (La nave della morte). She was rebuilt from the waterline up and given a modern cruise ship design. Named the Italia I, then Italia Prima, she later sailed as Valtur Prima primarily to Cuba, and was laid up there in 2001. Acquired by Festival Cruise Line in 2002 and renamed Caribe, she continued to sail to Cuba.
On 3 December 2008, Athena was attacked by pirates in the Gulf of Aden. Reportedly, 29 pirate boats surrounded the ship at one stage until a US Navy P-3 Orion maritime patrol aircraft circled above which led some of the pirates to flee. The crew prevented the pirates from boarding by firing high-pressure water cannons at them. No one was injured and the ship escaped without damage and continued on her voyage to Australia.
On 17 September 2012, reports announced that she and her fellow ship Princess Danae were detained in Marseille, France, for outstanding fuel bills, it was also announced the Arion was said to be detained in Montenegro for similar issues.
Early in 2013, Athena was bought by the recently created Portuguese cruise company Portuscale Cruises and renamed Azores. As soon as her acquisition was confirmed, she was taken to a shipyard in Marseille, where she was revamped before entering Portuscale Cruises service after completing a charter to Berlin-based Ambiente Kreuzfahrten from whom she was chartered to Classic International to join her fleetmate Princess Daphne. The charter began in March 2014 with a cruise from Lisbon, Portugal, to Bremerhaven, Germany, and concluded in November 2014 in Genoa, Italy.
In 2015, she entered long-term service with Cruise & Maritime Voyages with a maiden voyage from Avonmouth Docks to the Caribbean in January 2015. All crewing and ship management services are handled directly by Cruise and Maritime Voyages.
|Lotus Pool Grill||210||Calypso|
|Calypso Show Lounge||480||Calypso|
|Muses Night Club||80||Promenade|
|Tychon Card Room||40||Calypso|
|Other leisure areas||Deck|
|Open leisure amenities||Deck|
- Asklander, Micke. "M/S Stockholm (1948)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Retrieved 2008-02-27.
- "SAL Timeline". A tribute to the Swedish American Line. Retrieved 2008-02-27.
- "Search results for "5383304"". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 27 December 2008.
- "MS Astoria". Cruise Ship Schedule. CruiseShipSchedule.COM. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Langmaid, Aaron (2008-12-04). "Pirates attack luxury cruise ship bound for Australia". Herald sun. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- "CIC Ships Arrested - Cruise Industry News | Cruise News". Cruise Industry News. 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2014-06-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Athena.|
- Classic International Cruises' page on the Athena
- Goldberg, Mark H. (2002). Ship Profile - MS Caribe. CruisePage.com. Accessed June 6, 2005.
- Ljungström, Henrik. Stockholm. The Great Ocean Liners. Accessed June 6, 2005.
- SS Maritime page detailing the name changes with photos
- "Athena" – review by Douglas Ward in The Daily Telegraph, London.
- for the German Cruise Line - Ambiente Cruises to 2014