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The maîtresse-en-titre was the chief mistress of the king of France. It was a semi-official position which came with its own apartments. The title came into use during the reign of Henry IV and continued until the reign of Louis XV.

From the reign of Louis XIV, the term has been applied, both in translation ("official mistress") and in the original French, to refer to the main mistress of any monarch or prominent man when his relationship with her is not clandestine, e.g. Vibeke Kruse, Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes, Lola Montez, Magda Lupescu.

Notable French royal mistresses

Charles V of France

  • Biette de Casinel (ca 1340 – ca 1380)

Charles VI of France

Charles VII of France

Louis XI of France

  • Phélisé Regnard
  • Marguerite de Sassenage (ca 1449–1471)

Francis I of France

Henry II of France

Charles IX of France

Henry III of France

  • Louise de La Béraudière du Rouhet
  • Renée de Rieux de Châteauneuf
  • Veronica Franco (1546–1591)
  • Marie van Kleef (1553–1574), countess of Beaufort

Henry IV of France

Louis XIII of France

Louis XIV of France

Louis XV of France

Louis XVIII of France

See also

External links