Main (Martian crater)

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West side of Main crater (Martian crater), as seen by CTX camera (on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter).
Dust trails in Main crater, as seen by CTX camera (on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter).Arrow indicates wind direction. In the spring, as the temperature rises, dry ice turns into a pressurized gas, and then blows through a weak spot and carries with it dust. If there is a wind, the dust is deposited in an elongated form as in this image.

Main Crater is an impact crater in the Mare Australe quadrangle of Mars, located at 76.6°S latitude and 310.9°W longitude. It is 109.0  km in diameter and was named after Rev. Robert Main, and the name was approved in 1973 by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN).[1] The floor of Main shows dark portions which are caused by pressurized carbon dioxide blowing dust in the atmosphere in the spring when the temperature goes up. Some of the dust is shaped into streaks if there is a wind.[2]

Many ideas have been advanced to explain these features.[3][4][5][6][7][8] These features can be seen in some of the pictures below.

Close up views of these features often reveal fuzzy features that have been named "spiders."

See also

References

  1. "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature | Main". usgs.gov. International Astronomical Union. Retrieved 4 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2013-034
  3. Kieffer, H. H. (2000). "Mars Polar Science 2000 - Annual Punctuated CO2 Slab-ice and Jets on Mars" (PDF). Retrieved 6 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Kieffer, Hugh H. (2003). "Third Mars Polar Science Conference (2003)- Behavior of Solid CO" (PDF). Retrieved 6 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Portyankina, G., ed. (2006). "Fourth Mars Polar Science Conference - Simulations of Geyser-Type Eruptions in Cryptic Region of Martian South" (PDF). Retrieved 11 August 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Sz. Bérczi; et al., eds. (2004). "Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV (2004) - Stratigraphy of Special Layers – Transient Oones on Permeable Ones: Examples" (PDF). Retrieved 12 August 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "NASA Findings Suggest Jets Bursting From Martian Ice Cap". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. NASA. 16 August 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).