Mamuret-ul-Aziz Vilayet

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Mamuret-ul-Aziz Vilayet
ولايت معمورة العزيز
Vilayet-i Ma'muretül'aziz
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

Location of Mamuret-ul-Aziz Vilayet
Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz in 1892
Capital Mezereh[1]
 •  Established 1879
 •  Disestablished 1923
 •  Muslim, 1914[2] 446,379 
 •  Greek, 1914[2] 971 
 •  Armenian, 1914[2] 79,821 

The Vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz,[dn 1] also referred to as Harput Vilayet (Armenian: Խարբերդի վիլայեթ Kharberd) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was also one of the Six vilayets. The vilayet was located between Euphrates and Murat river valleys. To the northwest was Sivas Vilayet.


The vilayet was created in 1879-80 from a part of the Diyarbekir Vilayet that included Malatya.[3] In 1888 by an imperial order Hozat Vilayet was joined to Mamuret ul-Aziz.[4]


At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 14,614 square miles (37,850 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 575,314.[5] It should be noted that the accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[5]

In 1912, according to the Russian statistics the vilayet of Mamuret-ul-Aziz had 450,000 residents; 168,000 were Armenians, 182,000 were Turks, 95,000 were Kurds and 5,000 were Syriac Orthodox.[6]

Administrative divisions

Sanjaks of the vilayet:[7]

  1. Mamuret-ul-Aziz Sanjak (Elâzığ, Kemaliye, Arapgir, Pütürge)
  2. Malatya Sanjak (Malatya, Besni, Adıyaman, Kâhta, Akçadağ)
  3. Dersim Sanjak (Hozat, Tunceli, Çemişgezek, Akpazar, Ovacık, Nazımiye, Mazgirt)


  1. Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz, Redhouse Yeni Türkçe-İngilizce Sözlük, On İkinci Basım, Redhouse Yayınevi, 1991, ISBN 975-413-022-1, p. 729, Ma'mûretü'l-Azîz, Ma'muretül Aziz or Mamûretü'l-Azîz (Ottoman: ولايت معمورة العزيزVilâyet-i Ma'muretül'azizor معمورة العزيز ولايتىMa'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti, Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti Salnamesi (The Yearbook of the Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz), 1894, Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyeti Salnamesi "Yearbook of the Vilayet of Ma'muretül'aziz"), Ma'muretül'aziz Vilâyet matbaası, [Elazığ], 1312 [1894]. in the website of Hathi Trust Digital Libray.


  1. Geographical Dictionary of the World. Concept Publishing Company. p. 1104. ISBN 978-81-7268-012-1. Retrieved 2013-06-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "1914 Census Statistics" (PDF). Turkish General Staff. pp. 605–606. Retrieved 29 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Mesrob K. Krikorian (1977-01-01). Armenians in the Service of the Ottoman Empire: 1860-1908. Routledge. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-7100-8564-1. Retrieved 2013-06-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Mesrob K. Krikorian (1977-01-01). Armenians in the Service of the Ottoman Empire: 1860-1908. Routledge. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-7100-8564-1. Retrieved 2013-06-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Asia by A. H. Keane, page 460
  6. "The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-1916" by JAMES VISCOUNT BRYCE, London, T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., 1916
  7. Mamûretu’l Aziz (Elazığ) Vilâyeti | Tarih ve Medeniyet

External links

Public Domain Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kharput". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>