Manuel María Lombardini
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (March 2009)
|Manuel María Lombardini|
21st President of Mexico
8 February 1853 – 20 April 1853
|Preceded by||Juan Bautista Ceballos|
|Succeeded by||Antonio López de Santa Anna|
23 July 1802|
Mexico City, New Spain
|Died||Script error: The function "death_date_and_age" does not exist.
Mexico City, Mexico
Manuel José María Ignacio Lombardini de la Torre (23 July 1802 – 22 December 1853) was a Mexican general and politician who supported Antonio López de Santa Anna. From 8 February 1853 to 20 April 1853 he served as president of Mexico.
He joined the army at age 12, enlisting as a cadet in the Company of Patriots of Tacubaya during the Mexican War of Independence. After the war he retired from the army, but returned in 1832.
In 1836 he fought in the Texas War, where he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and in 1838 in the Pastry War against France. In 1847, during the United States invasion, he gained fame at the Battle of La Angostura. Also in 1847 he was given the military command of the state of Querétaro. In 1849 he became commander of the army (jefe de la plana mayor del ejército). In 1853, now a brigadier, he received command of the state of Mexico.
In 1853 he took part in the revolt of Jalisco against General Mariano Arista, who was serving as president. Juan Bautista Ceballos occupied the presidency briefly, and then transferred power to Lombardini as provisional president.
Lombardini served from 8 February 1853 to 20 April 1853, when Santa Anna returned to the presidency from exile in Jamaica. As president, he improved the roads to Veracruz and Acapulco and regulated navigation on Lake Chalco. He also founded the school of engineering at the Academia de San Carlos and introduced certain policy initiatives, such as an order to require convicted criminals in Mexico City to receive instruction in Christian doctrine.
Lombardini wrote a famous letter to the Mexican politician and political theorist Lucas Alamán that outlined the principles that should underpin the political program of conservatives. He approved Alamán's reasoning and prepared an electoral charade to legitimize the return of ex-president Santa Anna. Before handing over power, Lombardini issued a decree by which Santa Anna was appointed "Captain General of sea and land, with absolute powers." Shortly afterwards he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Army and Commanding General. Santa Anna also named him commander of the garrison of Mexico City, where he would die a few months later, in December.
Juan Bautista Ceballos
|President of Mexico
8 February - 20 April 1853
Antonio López de Santa Anna
- "Lombardini, Manuel María," Enciclopedia de México, v. 8. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
- García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrua, 1984.
- Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.
- www.bicentenario.gob.mx 
- Use dmy dates from October 2011
- Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2009
- Presidents of Mexico
- Mexican generals
- Mexican military personnel of the Mexican–American War
- Politicians from Mexico City
- People of the Texas Revolution
- 1802 births
- 1853 deaths
- 19th-century Mexican people
- 1802 in Mexico
- 1850s in Mexico
- Mexican people of Italian descent