March 1955

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1955
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The following events occurred in March 1955:

March 1, 1955 (Tuesday)

March 2, 1955 (Wednesday)

  • The Hong Kong-registered cargo ship Inchkeith strikes an uncharted rock in the Bay of Bengal off Port Meadows, Andaman Islands, and is abandoned as a total loss.[1]
  • Claudette Colvin (a fifteen-year-old African-American girl) becomes the first person arrested for resisting bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, when she refuses to give up her seat to a white woman as demanded by the driver. She is carried off the bus backwards while being kicked and handcuffed and harassed on the way to the police station.[2]

March 3, 1955 (Thursday)

March 4, 1955 (Friday)

March 5, 1955 (Saturday)

  • US TV station WBBJ-TV signs on the air in Jackson, Tennessee, with WDXI as its initial call-letters, to expanded American commercial television in mostly-rural areas.
  • Elvis Presley makes his television debut on "Louisiana Hayride" carried by KSLA-TV Shreveport (although audio recordings exists, there is no known video footage of this appearance).

March 6, 1955 (Sunday)

March 7, 1955 (Monday)

  • The 7th Emmy Awards ceremony takes place at the "Moulin Rouge Nightclub" in Hollywood, California, USA.
  • The Broadway musical version of Peter Pan, which had opened in 1954 starring Mary Martin, is presented on television for the first time by NBC-TV with its original cast, as an installment of Producers' Showcase. It is also the first time that a stage musical is presented in its entirety on TV almost exactly as it was performed on stage. This program gains the largest viewership of a TV special up to this time, and it becomes one of the first great TV family musical classics.

March 8, 1955 (Tuesday)

March 9, 1955 (Wednesday)

March 10, 1955 (Thursday)

March 11, 1955 (Friday)

  • Died: Sir Alexander Fleming, 73, Scottish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

March 12, 1955 (Saturday)

March 13, 1955 (Sunday)

March 14, 1955 (Monday)

  • The Greek fishing vessel Iason capsizes and sinks in the Ionian Sea with the loss of eleven of her fifteen crew. SS Stratheden sends a one of her lifeboat to the aid of Iason, but it also capsizes and all eight on board are drowned. Four survivors from Iason are rescued by Stratheden.[6]

March 15, 1955 (Tuesday)

March 16, 1955 (Wednesday)

March 17, 1955 (Thursday)

March 18, 1955 (Friday)

March 19, 1955 (Saturday)

March 20, 1955 (Sunday)

March 21, 1955 (Monday)

March 22, 1955 (Tuesday)

March 23, 1955 (Wednesday)

March 24, 1955 (Thursday)

March 25, 1955 (Friday)

March 26, 1955 (Saturday)

March 27, 1955 (Sunday)

March 28, 1955 (Monday)

March 29, 1955 (Tuesday)

March 30, 1955 (Wednesday)

  • Died: Ylla, 43, Hungarian photographer (jeep accident)

March 31, 1955 (Thursday)

References

  1. Mitchell, W H, and Sawyer, L A (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Phibbs, Cheryl. "Claudette Colvin". ABC-CLIO. Retrieved 12 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Beckett, Territorials: A Century of Service, TA100, 2008, 178.
  4. Reisner, Robert, ed. (1977). Bird: the Legend of Charlie Parker. New York: Da Capo Press. p. 133.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1916 ISBN 9783832956097
  6. "19 Lives Lost In Sea Rescue" The Times (London). Tuesday, 15 March 1955. (53190), col D, p. 8.
  7. Douglas Cooper, Nicolas de Staël, Masters and Movements, Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. London, 1961, p.6
  8. Chronology: Exhibition Catalogue, Nicolas de Staël, paintings 1950–1955, Mitchell-Innes & Nash, NYC. 1997 p.99
  9. British parliamentary by-elections: Wrexham 1955
  10. Lowe, James W. (1975). British Steam Locomotive Builders. Cambridge: Goose and Son. ISBN 0-900404-21-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Scots' Cross-country Race Failure - Scotland gave a disappointing performance in the International Cross-country Championship on Saturday over 8 1/4 miles at San Sebastian, Spain..., Glasgow Herald, March 21, 1955, p. 4, retrieved October 1, 2013<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 5 - Hail, Hail, Rock 'n' Roll: The rock revolution gets underway. [Part 1]" (audio). Pop Chronicles. Digital.library.unt.edu.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "British Tanker Aground" The Times (London). Monday, 21 March 1955. (53195), col D, p. 4.
  14. Aviation Safety Network: Aircraft Accident Douglas R6D-1 (DC-6) 131612 Honolulu, Hawaii
  15. Chronology of Significant Events in Naval Aviation: "Naval Air Transport" 1941 -- 1999
  16. "Norwegian Liner Aground At Plymouth" The Times (London). Thursday, 24 March 1955. (53198), col A, p. 16.
  17. "Widespread Damage in 80-90 M.P.H. Gale" The Times (London). Thursday, 24 March 1955. (53198), col A, p. 4.
  18. "Spanish Ship Sunk In Collision" The Times (London). Friday, 25 March 1955. (53199), col C, p. 5.
  19. Guttman, Jon, "Canada's Contribution: The Canuck," Aviation History, May 2014, p. 42.
  20. Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 282.
  21. "Rescues From Coaster" The Times (London). Monday, 28 March 1955. (53200B), col D, p. 8.
  22. "Times Archives 1955 Open Championship". Oxfordshire Libraries.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p614 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  24. "Telegrams In Brief" The Times (London). Wednesday, 30 March 1955. (53200D), col D, p. 7.