From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
The following events occurred in March 1955:
- 1 March 1, 1955 (Tuesday)
- 2 March 2, 1955 (Wednesday)
- 3 March 3, 1955 (Thursday)
- 4 March 4, 1955 (Friday)
- 5 March 5, 1955 (Saturday)
- 6 March 6, 1955 (Sunday)
- 7 March 7, 1955 (Monday)
- 8 March 8, 1955 (Tuesday)
- 9 March 9, 1955 (Wednesday)
- 10 March 10, 1955 (Thursday)
- 11 March 11, 1955 (Friday)
- 12 March 12, 1955 (Saturday)
- 13 March 13, 1955 (Sunday)
- 14 March 14, 1955 (Monday)
- 15 March 15, 1955 (Tuesday)
- 16 March 16, 1955 (Wednesday)
- 17 March 17, 1955 (Thursday)
- 18 March 18, 1955 (Friday)
- 19 March 19, 1955 (Saturday)
- 20 March 20, 1955 (Sunday)
- 21 March 21, 1955 (Monday)
- 22 March 22, 1955 (Tuesday)
- 23 March 23, 1955 (Wednesday)
- 24 March 24, 1955 (Thursday)
- 25 March 25, 1955 (Friday)
- 26 March 26, 1955 (Saturday)
- 27 March 27, 1955 (Sunday)
- 28 March 28, 1955 (Monday)
- 29 March 29, 1955 (Tuesday)
- 30 March 30, 1955 (Wednesday)
- 31 March 31, 1955 (Thursday)
- 32 References
March 1, 1955 (Tuesday)
- Born: Timothy Laurence, British naval officer and the second husband of Princess Anne, in Camberwell, South London.
March 2, 1955 (Wednesday)
- The Hong Kong-registered cargo ship Inchkeith strikes an uncharted rock in the Bay of Bengal off Port Meadows, Andaman Islands, and is abandoned as a total loss.
- Claudette Colvin (a fifteen-year-old African-American girl) becomes the first person arrested for resisting bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, when she refuses to give up her seat to a white woman as demanded by the driver. She is carried off the bus backwards while being kicked and handcuffed and harassed on the way to the police station.
March 3, 1955 (Thursday)
- The Pennsylvania Railroad runs its first “TrucTrain” piggyback train from Chicago to Kearny, NJ, the first time the Pennsylvania has carried trailers of common carrier trucking companies on its flatcars.
- Died: Katharine Drexel, 96, US heiress, philanthropist, teacher and Roman Catholic saint
March 4, 1955 (Friday)
March 5, 1955 (Saturday)
- US TV station WBBJ-TV signs on the air in Jackson, Tennessee, with WDXI as its initial call-letters, to expanded American commercial television in mostly-rural areas.
- Elvis Presley makes his television debut on "Louisiana Hayride" carried by KSLA-TV Shreveport (although audio recordings exists, there is no known video footage of this appearance).
March 6, 1955 (Sunday)
- Born: Alberta Watson, Canadian actress, in Toronto (died 2015)
March 7, 1955 (Monday)
- The 7th Emmy Awards ceremony takes place at the "Moulin Rouge Nightclub" in Hollywood, California, USA.
- The Broadway musical version of Peter Pan, which had opened in 1954 starring Mary Martin, is presented on television for the first time by NBC-TV with its original cast, as an installment of Producers' Showcase. It is also the first time that a stage musical is presented in its entirety on TV almost exactly as it was performed on stage. This program gains the largest viewership of a TV special up to this time, and it becomes one of the first great TV family musical classics.
March 8, 1955 (Tuesday)
- Died: William C. deMille, 76, US screenwriter and director
March 9, 1955 (Wednesday)
- Died: Matthew Henson, 88, US explorer
March 10, 1955 (Thursday)
- Pakistan International Airlines is formed.
- The UK's Anti-Aircraft Command is officially disbanded.
March 11, 1955 (Friday)
- Died: Sir Alexander Fleming, 73, Scottish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
March 12, 1955 (Saturday)
- Died: Charlie Parker, 34, US saxophonist (officially from lobar pneumonia and a perforated ulcer)
March 13, 1955 (Sunday)
- Swiss tenant and consumer protection referendum, 1955: The proposal for a popular initiative "for the protection of tenants and consumers", which would prolong price controls, is approved by a majority of voters, it was rejected by a majority of cantons, with the result that it does not come into force.
- Died: Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, 48, King of Nepal, under "mysterious circumstances". He is succeeded by his eldest legitimate son Mahendra.
March 14, 1955 (Monday)
- The Greek fishing vessel Iason capsizes and sinks in the Ionian Sea with the loss of eleven of her fifteen crew. SS Stratheden sends a one of her lifeboat to the aid of Iason, but it also capsizes and all eight on board are drowned. Four survivors from Iason are rescued by Stratheden.
March 15, 1955 (Tuesday)
- The first section of Cleveland's “Rapid” opens from Cleveland Union Terminal to Windermere.
- Colonel Tom Parker becomes Elvis Presley's de facto manager.
March 16, 1955 (Wednesday)
- Died: Nicolas de Staël, 41, Russian-born painter, after leaping to his death from his eleventh story studio terrace in Antibes. 
March 17, 1955 (Thursday)
- Richard Riot in Montreal: 6,000 people protest against the suspension of French Canadian ice hockey star Maurice Richard of the Montreal Canadiens by the National Hockey League following a violent incident during a match.
- In the UK's Wrexham by-election, brought about by the death of the town's long-serving Labour MP Robert Richards, is won by the Labour candidate James Idwal Jones, with a majority of nearly 11,000 votes.
- British Locomotive builder Vulcan Foundry and its subsidiary Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns are absorbed into the English Electric group.
March 18, 1955 (Friday)
March 19, 1955 (Saturday)
- The 1955 International Cross Country Championships (men's event only) are held in San Sebastián, Spain.
- TV station KXTV signs on the air in Sacramento, California, as KBET.
- Born: Pino Daniele, Italian music artist, in Naples (died 2015)
March 20, 1955 (Sunday)
- The movie adaptation of Evan Hunter's novel Blackboard Jungle is premièred in the United States, making a hit out of "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley & His Comets. Teenagers jump from their cinema seats to dance to the song.
- American Airlines Flight 711, a Convair CV-240, strikes the ground during its final approach at Springfield, Missouri, USA killing 13 of the 35 people on board.
- UK tanker British Craftsman runs aground off Stockholm, Sweden.
March 21, 1955 (Monday)
March 22, 1955 (Tuesday)
- Landing in darkness and heavy rain at Hickam Air Force Base, Territory of Hawaii, the crew of United States Navy Douglas R6D-1 Liftmaster 131612 of Air Transport Squadron 3 (VR-3) make a navigational error, and the plane crashes into Pali Kea Peak in Oahu's Waianae Range 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Honolulu. The plane explodes, killing all 66 people on board. At the time, it would be the worst accident involving any version of the Douglas DC-6, and it remains the worst air disaster in the history of Hawaii. It would tie with the August 11 mid-air collision of two United States Air Force C-119G Flying Boxcars over West Germany and the October 6 crash of United Airlines Flight 409 in Wyoming as the deadliest air accident of 1955.
March 23, 1955 (Wednesday)
- Norwegian ocean liner Venus runs aground at Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom.
- Dutch coaster Anna Hennyis driven ashore at Aberavon, Wales, in a storm. It is refloated after five hours.
- Born: Moses Malone, US basketball player, in Petersburg, Virginia (died 2015)
- Died:Artur da Silva Bernardes, 79, President of Brazil 1922-26
March 24, 1955 (Thursday)
- Spanish cargo ship Urola collides with Soviet ship Storaya Pyaltylotka off Setubal, Portugal, and sinks. Storaya Pyaltylotka is badly damaged, entering the Tagus still taking on water. All 33 crew from Urola are rescued.
- An Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck becomes the first Canadian jet aircraft to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
March 25, 1955 (Friday)
- During a test flight with afterburner, the Lockheed XF-104 aircraft achieves a speed of Mach 1.79 (1,181.4 mph, 1,901.3 km/hr).
- Dutch coaster SS Lea runs aground at Kettleness, Yorkshire.
March 26, 1955 (Saturday)
- The number three propeller and engine detach from the Pan American World Airways Boeing 377 Stratocruiser 10-26 Clipper United States, operating as Flight 845/26 with 23 people on board, forcing it to ditch in the Pacific Ocean 35 miles (58 km) off the coast of Oregon and killing four people. The United States Navy attack transport USS Bayfield (APA-33) rescues the 19 survivors about two hours later.
March 27, 1955 (Sunday)
March 28, 1955 (Monday)
- Serial killer Leslie "Mad Dog" Irvin ends his killing spree with the murders of Goebel Duncan, 51, his son Raymond Duncan, 29, and Maple Elizabeth Duncan, 20 (Goebel's daughter-in-law), during a robbery in southwestern Indiana, USA.
- The 1955 Men's British Open Squash Championship is won by Hashim Khan, who thus equals the record of five wins set by F.D. Amr Bey
March 29, 1955 (Tuesday)
- A general election in Suriname results in victory for the Unity Front, which wins 11 of the 21 seats.
- SNCF in France sets a new world rail speed record of 331 km/h using 1800/2000V dc electric traction. The track is severely damaged by the passage of the train (see , , , ).
- The British coaster Nigelock runs aground at Foochow, China.
March 30, 1955 (Wednesday)
- Died: Ylla, 43, Hungarian photographer (jeep accident)
March 31, 1955 (Thursday)
- Australian Labor Party split of 1955: Three members of John Cain cabinet — Les Coleman (Minister of Transport), Bill Barry (Minister of Health) and Tom Hayes (Minister-in-Charge of Housing) — are expelled from the Labor Party and form the Australian Labor Party (Anti-Communist).
- Mitchell, W H, and Sawyer, L A (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Phibbs, Cheryl. "Claudette Colvin". ABC-CLIO. Retrieved 12 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Beckett, Territorials: A Century of Service, TA100, 2008, 178.
- Reisner, Robert, ed. (1977). Bird: the Legend of Charlie Parker. New York: Da Capo Press. p. 133.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1916 ISBN 9783832956097
- "19 Lives Lost In Sea Rescue" The Times (London). Tuesday, 15 March 1955. (53190), col D, p. 8.
- Douglas Cooper, Nicolas de Staël, Masters and Movements, Weidenfeld and Nicolson Ltd. London, 1961, p.6
- Chronology: Exhibition Catalogue, Nicolas de Staël, paintings 1950–1955, Mitchell-Innes & Nash, NYC. 1997 p.99
- British parliamentary by-elections: Wrexham 1955
- Lowe, James W. (1975). British Steam Locomotive Builders. Cambridge: Goose and Son. ISBN 0-900404-21-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Scots' Cross-country Race Failure - Scotland gave a disappointing performance in the International Cross-country Championship on Saturday over 8 1/4 miles at San Sebastian, Spain..., Glasgow Herald, March 21, 1955, p. 4, retrieved October 1, 2013<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 5 - Hail, Hail, Rock 'n' Roll: The rock revolution gets underway. [Part 1]" (audio). Pop Chronicles. Digital.library.unt.edu.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "British Tanker Aground" The Times (London). Monday, 21 March 1955. (53195), col D, p. 4.
- Aviation Safety Network: Aircraft Accident Douglas R6D-1 (DC-6) 131612 Honolulu, Hawaii
- Chronology of Significant Events in Naval Aviation: "Naval Air Transport" 1941 -- 1999
- "Norwegian Liner Aground At Plymouth" The Times (London). Thursday, 24 March 1955. (53198), col A, p. 16.
- "Widespread Damage in 80-90 M.P.H. Gale" The Times (London). Thursday, 24 March 1955. (53198), col A, p. 4.
- "Spanish Ship Sunk In Collision" The Times (London). Friday, 25 March 1955. (53199), col C, p. 5.
- Guttman, Jon, "Canada's Contribution: The Canuck," Aviation History, May 2014, p. 42.
- Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 282.
- "Rescues From Coaster" The Times (London). Monday, 28 March 1955. (53200B), col D, p. 8.
- "Times Archives 1955 Open Championship". Oxfordshire Libraries.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p614 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
- "Telegrams In Brief" The Times (London). Wednesday, 30 March 1955. (53200D), col D, p. 7.