Marden Hill

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Marden Hill is a Grade II* listed country house close to the village of Tewin, Hertfordshire.[1]

The house, originally Jacobean but substantially rebuilt in the 18th-century and modified in the 19th, is built in two storeys with attics of yellow brick with Portland stone dressings. The floor plan is square with five bays and a two-storey Ionic entrance porch at the front.

History

In 1550, the Manor of Marden paid a rent of 26 ounces (740 g) of honey to the abbey of St Alban. Marden was held by the abbey until the dissolution, and in 1539 it was granted to William Cavendish. It came to Edward North, Master of the Harriers to Edward VI. In 1653 his grandson demolished the Elizabethan building and built a new house on the site, Marden Hill, high above the Mimram. After several owners, Robert Mackay demolished all but the present north wing in 1789 and it was redesigned in 1790-94 by Francis Carter retaining Jacobean fragments of the house.

It was bought by Richard Flower (the father of Edward Fordham Flower) and became the meeting place of many men of 'radical and dissenting opinion' including William Cobbett. Flower emigrated to the United States in 1817, hiring two ships at Liverpool to transport all his belongings. Flower subsequently helped found Albion, Illinois, and wrote on the English Settlement in the state.

The house was sold to Charles G. Thornton, Governor of the Bank of England who commissioned Sir John Soane to design a vestibule and staircase, but who also added the Ionic-columned two-story porch that is a notable feature of the building. His best-known work for the Bank of England is largely destroyed but elements of that building were used in his designs for Marden Hill and still exist, particularly the Aztec style cornices and the Ionic columns.

In 1903 it came, at last, to be owned by the Cowper estate, and was leased. During the war, it was occupied by a boarding school. In 1957 it was owned by a gravel extraction company, which was unable to demolish the listed building, and leased it to two architects, who signed a 21-year lease. A co-ownership company was formed, which now owns the freehold of Marden Hill. Nine families live there today.

References

  1. "Name: MARDEN HILL HOUSE, SERVICE BLOCK AND ANNEXE List entry Number: 1366605". Historic England. Retrieved 28 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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