Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon

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Marie Anne Éléonore
Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs
Marie Gabrielle Éléonore de Bourbon as an abbess by an unknown artist.jpg
Born (1690-12-22)22 December 1690
Palace of Versailles, France
Died 30 August 1760(1760-08-30) (aged 69)
Villejuif, Paris
Full name
Marie Anne Éléonore Gabrielle de Bourbon
Father Louis de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon
Mother Louise Françoise de Bourbon
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon's signature

Marie Anne Éléonore de Bourbon (Marie Anne Éléonore Gabrielle; 22 December 1690 – 30 August 1760) was a daughter of Louis de Bourbon. She was the Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs, an abbey in the Villejuif suburb of Paris.


Marie Anne Éléonore was born at the Palace of Versailles to the Duke and Duchess of Bourbon. The eldest child of her parents she was known as Mademoiselle de Bourbon in her youth. In her early years she was close to her mother but was later replaced by her sister Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon. Her father was the grandson of le Grand Condé and her mother, Louise-Françoise de Bourbon was the eldest surviving daughter of Louis XIV of France and his Maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan.

As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, she was a princesse du sang ("princess of the blood") and was allowed the style of Serene Highness.

On 6 May 1706 at the age of 16, she was made a nun at the Royal Abbey of Fontevraud in Anjou. She was later made the Abbess of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs in 1723 and was known as Madame de Bourbon. Saint-Antoine-des-Champs had been an abbey since the 13th century.

She outlived all of her siblings apart from her sister Dowager Princess of Conti and grand mother of the future Philippe Égalité. Dying in the Parisian suburb of Villejuif, she was buried at the Abbey of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs.

Her sister Henriette Louise de Bourbon was an abbess at Beaumont-lès-Tours and a cousin Louise Adélaïde d'Orléans was the Abbess of Chelles. The Abbey at Saint-Antoine is now the home of the Hôpital Saint-Antoine outside Paris.


Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 22 December 1690 – 6 May 1706 Her Serene Highness Mademoiselle de Bourbon
  • 1723 – 30 August 1760 Her Serene Highness Madame de Bourbon

See also